Hastings and Rye (UK Parliament constituency)
|Hastings and Rye|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Hastings and Rye in East Sussex
Location of East Sussex within England
|Electorate||76,422 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Hastings, Ore, Rye, St Leonards-on-Sea, Winchelsea|
|Member of Parliament||Sally-Ann Hart (Conservatives)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Hastings, Rye|
Hastings and Rye is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Sally-Ann Hart of the Conservatives. From 2010 until 2019, it was represented by Amber Rudd. She served as Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change, Minister for Women and Equalities, Home Secretary and Work and Pensions Secretary under the governments of David Cameron, Theresa May and Boris Johnson.
Since 2001 (inclusive) election campaigns have resulted in a minimum of 35.1% of votes at each election consistently for the same two parties' choice for candidate, and the next-placed party's having fluctuated between 3.3% and 15.7% of the vote—such third-placed figures attained higher percentages in 1992 and 1997.
The result in 2017 was the 24th-closest nationally (of 650 seats), whereby 174 voters would have been capable of changing the outcome by their choice of candidate, the margin of votes being 346.
- 1983–2010: The Borough of Hastings, and the District of Rother wards of Camber, Fairlight, Guestling and Pett, Rye, and Winchelsea
- 2010–present: The Borough of Hastings, and the District of Rother wards of Brede Valley, Eastern Rother, Marsham, and Rye
As its name suggests, the main settlements in the constituency are the seaside resort of Hastings and smaller nearby tourist town of Rye. The constituency also includes the Cinque Port of Winchelsea and the villages of Fairlight, Winchelsea Beach, Three Oaks, Guestling, Icklesham, Playden, Iden, Rye Harbour, East Guldeford, Camber, and Pett.
The constituency is set in a relatively isolated part of the southeast from the railways perspective and so does not enjoy some of the more general affluence of this part of the country. In the 2000 index of multiple deprivation a majority of wards fell within the bottom half of rankings so it can arguably be considered a deprived area. Hastings has some light industry, while Rye has a small port, which includes hire and repair activities for leisure vessels and fishing. Hastings is mostly Labour-voting, whereas Rye and the rest of the areas from Rother council are Conservative.
Property prices in the villages are however rising and are in affluent areas, unlike residential estates in the towns. Three Oaks does enjoy a nearby train station for its residents, which has services allowing connecting services to London.
The constituency was created in 1983 by combining most of Hastings with a small part of Rye. The Conservative MP for Hastings since 1970, Kenneth Warren, won the new seat.[n 2]. Warren held Hastings and Rye until he chose to retire in 1992; during this period its large majorities suggested it was a Conservative safe seat, with the Liberal Party (now the Liberal Democrats) regularly coming second. Jacqui Lait won the seat on Warren's retirement, but in 1997 the Labour candidate Michael Foster narrowly defeated Lait, becoming the second-least expected (on swing) Labour MP in the landslide of that year and since 2001 setting a pattern that suggests the seat is a two-way Labour-Conservative marginal. Foster held the seat, again with slim majorities over Conservatives, in 2001 and 2005, but lost it to Conservative Amber Rudd in 2010. Rudd was re-elected with an increased majority in 2015.
Members of Parliament
|2010||Amber Rudd||Conservative||Home Secretary (2016—2018)|
Minister for Women and Equalities (2018, 2019)
Secretary of State for Work and Pensions (2018–2019)
|September 2019||Independent||Resigned the Conservative Party whip|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Nick Perry||3,960||7.3||+3.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Nick Perry||1,885||3.4||+0.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Nick Perry||1,614||3.2||−12.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Nick Perry||7,825||15.7||+0.6|
|English Democrat||Rod Bridger||339||0.7||New|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+3.3|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Richard Stevens||6,479||15.1||+4.8|
|Monster Raving Loony||Viscount Clarkey of Rochdale Canal Ord-Clarke||207||0.5||0.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Graem Peters||4,266||10.3||−17.7|
|Monster Raving Loony||John Ord-Clarke||198||0.5||+0.2|
|Rock 'n' Roll Loony||Brett McLean||140||0.3||New|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Monroe Palmer||13,717||28.0||−7.2|
|Referendum||Christopher J.M. McGovern||2,511||5.1||New|
|Liberal||Jane M.E. Amstad||1,046||2.1||New|
|Monster Raving Loony||Derek Tiverton||149||0.3||0.0|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+18.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Monroe Palmer||18,939||35.2||−0.8|
|Labour||Richard D. Stevens||8,458||15.7||+2.6|
|Monster Raving Loony||Lord of Howell Derek Tiverton||168||0.3||−0.1|
Elections in the 1980s
|Monster Raving Loony||Lord of Howell Derek Tiverton||242||0.4||New|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
- "Electorate Figures". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "GE2017: Marginal seats and turnout". House of Commons Library. UK Parliament. 23 June 2017.
- "Local statistics". Office for National Statistics.
- Khan, Shebab (2 July 2017). "Election 2017: Labour say they have 'every chance of winning' Home Secretary Amber Rudd's seat". The Independent.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)
- Jane Hartnell - Acting Returning Officer (14 November 2019). "Election of a Member of Parliament - Hastings and Rye Constituency" (PDF). Hastings Borough Council.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "08 May 2015 Parliamentary Election – Results". Hastings Borough Council. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "06 May 2010 Parliamentary Election - Results". Hastings District Council. 16 June 2010. Archived from the original on 10 June 2011.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.