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Hatch, New Mexico

Coordinates: 32°38′54″N 107°12′31″W / 32.64833°N 107.20861°W / 32.64833; -107.20861
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Hatch, New Mexico
Hatch Municipal Building, June 2009
Hatch Municipal Building, June 2009
Location within Doña Ana County and New Mexico
Location within Doña Ana County and New Mexico
Coordinates: 32°38′54″N 107°12′31″W / 32.64833°N 107.20861°W / 32.64833; -107.20861
CountryUnited States
StateNew Mexico
CountyDoña Ana
 • Total3.06 sq mi (7.94 km2)
 • Land3.00 sq mi (7.78 km2)
 • Water0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Elevation4,062 ft (1,238 m)
 • Total1,539
 • Density512.15/sq mi (197.75/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
Area codeArea code 575
FIPS code35-31820
GNIS ID2413557[2]

Hatch is a village in Doña Ana County, New Mexico, United States. The population was 1,648 at the 2010 census. The town is experiencing moderate growth, along with its outliers of Salem, Arrey, Derry, and Rincon. Hatch is widely known as the "best chile place in the World," for growing a wide variety of peppers, especially the New Mexican cuisine staple, and one of New Mexico's state vegetables, the New Mexico chile.



Hatch was originally settled as Santa Barbara in 1851; however, Apache raids drove the farmers away until 1853, when the nearby Fort Thorn was established.[4] Fort Thorn closed in 1859, and the town was abandoned again in 1860.[4] It was not until 1875 that it was re-occupied and at that time it was renamed "Hatch" for colonizer Edward Hatch, who was then of the military District of New Mexico .[5]

Butterfly on desert zinnia, BLM Las Uvas Mountains Wilderness Study Area, 4 miles south of Hatch[6]



According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 3.1 square miles (8.0 km2), all land.

The village is located just off Interstate 25, about 40 miles (64 km) northwest of Las Cruces, and approximately 80 miles (130 km) northwest of El Paso, Texas.

Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[7][3]



It is part of the Las Cruces Metropolitan Statistical Area.

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 1,673 people, 538 households, and 402 families residing in the village. The population density was 540.2 inhabitants per square mile (208.6/km2). There were 635 housing units at an average density of 205.0 per square mile (79.2/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 46.03% White, 0.36% African American, 0.96% Native American, 0.24% Pacific Islander, 50.03% from other races, and 2.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 79.20% of the population.

There were 538 households, out of which 43.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.1% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.11, and the average family size was 3.63.[citation needed]

In the village, the population was spread out, with 35.7% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.9 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $21,250, and the median income for a family was $23,819. Males had a median income of $21,923 versus $17,188 for females. The per capita income for the village was $14,619. About 28.5% of families and 34.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 50.1% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over.[citation needed]

Ristras and sacks of chiles at the annual Hatch Chile Festival,
August 2008



The Hatch Chile Festival[9] is an annual event that occurs each Labor Day.[5] This event attracts people worldwide to a place known as the chile capital of the world. The small town has accommodated up to 30,000 people for this event. This small farming community is known worldwide for raising renowned chiles. By 2012, Hatch chiles were being marketed under their name in most major urban markets in the US. Other crops such as onions, cotton, and corn are also raised there. Irrigation of local farms is accomplished by wells pumping ground water along with surface water irrigation ditches. These divert water from the Rio Grande and two lakes approximately 20 mi (32 km) north of Hatch named Caballo (Spanish for "horse") and Elephant Butte Reservoir (named after a rock formation in the middle of the lake that looks similar to an elephant).

Hatch is 40 mi (64 km) northwest of Las Cruces, New Mexico, on Interstate 25, and 34 mi (55 km) south of Spaceport America, a new purpose-built spaceport being built by the New Mexico Spaceport Authority (NMSA) with state and county funding.[10] In 2012, the NMSA announced it would be building a spaceport visitor's center in Hatch.[11]



Hatch Valley Public Schools is the local school district.[12]

See also



  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 12, 2022.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hatch, New Mexico
  3. ^ a b "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 12, 2022.
  4. ^ a b Julyan, Robert Hixson (1998) "Hatch " The place names of New Mexico (2nd ed.) University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM, p. 162, ISBN 0-8263-1688-3
  5. ^ a b Archuletta, Phil T. and Holden, Sharyl S. (2003) "Hatch" Traveling New Mexico: A Guide to the Historical and State Park Markers Sunstone Press, Santa Fe, NM, page 111, ISBN 0-86534-400-0
  6. ^ "Las Uvas Mountains WSA". Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  9. ^ "Hatch Chile Festival"
  10. ^ New era draws closer: Spaceport dedicates runway on New Mexico ranch Archived December 10, 2012, at archive.today El Paso Times, 2010-10-23, accessed October 25, 2010. "two-thirds of the $212 million required to build the spaceport came from the state of New Mexico... The rest came from construction bonds backed by a tax approved by voters in Doña Ana and Sierra counties."
  11. ^ "Plan for "Spaceport America visitor experience" unveiled". RLV and Space Transport News. February 7, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
  12. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Doña Ana County, NM" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2022.