Hate Crime Statistics Act

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Hate Crime Statistics Act
Great Seal of the United States
Long title An Act to provide for the acquisition and publication of data about crimes that manifest prejudice based on certain group characteristics.
Acronyms (colloquial) HCSA
Nicknames Hate Crime Statistics Act of 1990
Enacted by the 101st United States Congress
Effective April 23, 1990
Public law 101-275
Statutes at Large 104 Stat. 140
Titles amended 28 U.S.C.: Judiciary and Judicial Procedure
U.S.C. sections amended 28 U.S.C. § 534
Legislative history

The Hate Crime Statistics Act, 28 U.S.C. § 534 (HCSA), passed in 1990 and modified in 2009 by the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act,[1] requires the Attorney General to collect data on crimes committed because of the victim's race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, or ethnicity. The bill was signed into law by George H. W. Bush, and was the first federal statute to "recognize and name gay, lesbian and bisexual people."[2] Since 1992, the Department of Justice through one of its agencies, the FBI, has jointly published an annual report on hate crime statistics.[3][4]