Hate Crime Statistics Act

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Hate Crime Statistics Act
Great Seal of the United States
Long titleAn Act to provide for the acquisition and publication of data about crimes that manifest prejudice based on certain group characteristics.
Acronyms (colloquial)HCSA
NicknamesHate Crime Statistics Act of 1990
Enacted bythe 101st United States Congress
EffectiveApril 23, 1990
Public law101-275
Statutes at Large104 Stat. 140
Titles amended28 U.S.C.: Judiciary and Judicial Procedure
U.S.C. sections amended28 U.S.C. § 534
Legislative history

The Hate Crime Statistics Act, 28 U.S.C. § 534 (HCSA), passed in 1990 and modified in 2009 by the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act,[1] requires the Attorney General to collect data on crimes committed because of the victim's race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, or ethnicity. The bill was signed into law by George H. W. Bush, and was the first federal statute to "recognize and name gay, lesbian and bisexual people."[2] Since 1992, the Department of Justice through one of its agencies, the FBI, has jointly published an annual report on hate crime statistics.[3][4]


  1. ^ "FBI — Hate Crime Statistics Act". FBI.
  2. ^ Hate Crimes Protections Timeline Archived 2014-04-01 at the Wayback Machine., National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. Retrieved on 05-04-2007.
  3. ^ "Hate Crime Statistics, 2004". Federal Bureau of Investigation. U.S. Department of Justice.
  4. ^ "FBI — Latest Hate Crime Statistics Report Released". FBI.