Hatice Sultan (daughter of Mustafa III)

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Hatice Sultan
Born 15 June 1766
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Died 17 July 1822(1822-07-17) (aged 57)
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Spouse Nakîbzade Seyyid Ahmed Pasha (m. 1787)
Dynasty Ottoman
Father Mustafa III
Mother Adilşah Kadın
Religion Islam

Hatice Sultan (15 June 1766 – 17 July 1822) was an Ottoman princess, daughter of Mustafa III and Adilşah Kadın, and sister of Selim III. She was married in 1787 to the Muhafız (Governor) of Hotin, Nakîbzade Seyyid Ahmed Pasha.

Biography[edit]

Engraving of the Hatice Sultan Palace, by Antoine Ignace Melling, about 1800

Hatice was very close to her brother Selim, and played an important role during his reign from 1789 to 1807 as his influential confidant. She formed a close relationship to the architect Antoine Ignace Melling. At Hatice Sultan's suggestion, Melling was employed as Imperial Architect by Selim III. In 1795, the princess commissioned Melling to design a labyrinth for her palace at Ortaköy in the style of the Danish ambassador Baron Hübsch's garden. Delighted with the result, she asked Melling to redecorate the palace interior, and subsequently, a completely new neoclassical palace at Defterdarburnu. He also designed clothes and jewellery for her. She employed him to repair her palace Neşetâbâd in 1804. She corresponded with him in Turkish written with Latin letters. In 1809, she bought land in companionship with her sister, Beyhan Sultan, and her cousin Esma Sultan, upon where she had Melling construct the Hatice Sultan Palace. The palace became reputed in all Europe and also led to criticism against the sultan and talked about as a palace of pleasure.