Hattersley loom

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A Hattersley Loom

The Hattersley loom was developed by George Hattersley and Sons of Keighley, West Yorkshire, England. The company had been started by Richard Hattersley after 1784, with his son, George Hattersley, later entering the business alongside him. The company developed a number of innovative looms, of which the Hattersley Standard Loom – developed in 1921 – was a great success.

Hattersley Domestic Loom[edit]

Hattersley domestic loom

The plain Hattersley Domestic Loom was specially developed for cottage or home use and designed to replace the wooden handloom; the Domestic is similar in construction to a power loom. It was introduced ca.1900 and the makers claimed that a speed of 160 picks per minute could be easily attained with from 2 to 8 shafts weaving a variety of fabrics. Because foot pedals, or treadles, operate the loom it is still classed as a handloom, but it is much easier and faster to weave as all the motions of the loom are connected via crankshaft and gear wheels. Because the loom is designed to use only one shuttle when weaving, giving a solid colour in the weft, it is termed a plain loom. The cast metal chair, manufactured along with the loom, can be raised or lowered to suit, and the seat rocks forward and back as the weaver treadles the loom.[1] There is an example in the Bradford Industrial Museum.

Jacquard Tapestry Loom[edit]

An example of a woven reproduction of Bolton Abbey in Ye Olden Times, at Queen Street Mill Museum. The original bright colours have faded.

Artworks could be replicated on mass by use of the Hattersley Jacquard (Tapestry) Loom. For example, Sir Edwin Henry Landseer's painting Bolton Abbey in Ye Olden Times was produced in tapestry form by a Jacquard Loom at a Franco-British exhibition in 1908.[2] There is a Hattersley Jacquard (tapestry) loom located at Queen Street Mill in Burnley.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Interpretative panel at Bradford Industrial Museum
  2. ^ a b "Queen Street Mill Textile Museum". Lancashire Museums. Retrieved 4 May 2013.