Hatutu

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Hatutu (Hatuta‘a)
Nwmarqpic.png
Image of northwestern Marquesas Islands. Hatutu is the center island. Image courtesy of Johnson Space Center.
Geography
LocationSouth Pacific Ocean
Coordinates7°55′S 140°34′W / 7.92°S 140.57°W / -7.92; -140.57Coordinates: 7°55′S 140°34′W / 7.92°S 140.57°W / -7.92; -140.57
ArchipelagoMarquesas Islands
Area6.4 km2 (2.5 sq mi)
Highest elevation428 m (1,404 ft)
Administration
Overseas countryFrench Polynesia
Demographics
Population0 (2002)
Pop. density0 /km2 (0 /sq mi)

Hatutu (also called Hatuta‘a) is a small island approximately 3 km (2 mi.) northeast of Eiao in the northern Marquesas Islands.

Hatutu is administratively part of the commune (municipality) of Nuku-Hiva, itself in the administrative subdivision of the Marquesas Islands.

It consists of a high central ridge, which runs the full 6.5 km (4 mi.) length of the island. The ridge rises to heights up to 428 m (1,404 ft.) above sea level.

In 1992, Hatutu was declared a nature reserve: the Hatutu Nature Reserve. The island is an important nesting ground for red-footed booby, black noddy, white tern, great frigatebird, and masked booby, and home to the endemic northern Marquesan reed warbler and the Marquesan ground dove. It is also the largest breeding site of Phoenix Petrel in French Polynesia.

The island is plagued by Polynesian rat (Rattus exulens) a species introduced by humans sometime in the last several hundred years. The rats likely prey upon native animals and plants potentially changing the ecosystem dynamic on the island.

See also[edit]