HMS Haughty (1895)

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History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Haughty
Ordered: 3 November 1893
Builder: William Doxford & Sons, Pallion
Yard number: 225[1]
Laid down: 28 May 1894
Launched: 18 September 1895[1][2]
Sponsored by: Miss Greta Doxford
Fate: Sold for scrapping, 10 April 1912[1]
General characteristics
Class and type: Hardy-class destroyer
Displacement: 260 long tons (264 t)
Length: 196 ft (60 m)[2]
Beam: 19 ft (5.8 m)[2]
Draught: 7.75 ft (2.36 m)
Depth: 12 ft 6 in (3.81 m)[2]
Installed power: 4,000 hp (3,000 kW)[2]
Propulsion:
Speed: 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph)
Complement: 53
Armament:

HMS Haughty was a Hardy-class destroyer which served with the Royal Navy. She was launched by William Doxford & Sons on 18 September 1895, served in home waters, and was sold on 10 April 1912.

Construction and design[edit]

HMS Haughty was one of the two destroyers ordered from William Doxford & Sons on 3 November 1893 as part of the Royal Navy's 1893–1894 construction programme.[3]

The Admiralty did not specify a standard design for destroyers, laying down broad requirements, including a trial speed of 27 knots (31 mph; 50 km/h), a "turtleback" forecastle and armament, which was to vary depending on whether the ship was to be used in the torpedo boat or gunboat role.[4] As a torpedo boat, the planned armament was a single QF 12 pounder 12 cwt (3 in (76 mm) calibre) gun on a platform on the ship's conning tower (in practice the platform was also used as the ship's bridge), together with a secondary gun armament of three 6-pounder guns, and two 18 inch (450 mm) torpedo tubes. As a gunboat, one of the torpedo tubes could be removed to accommodate a further two six-pounders.[5][6][7]

Doxford's design had a hull of length 200 feet 3 inches (61.04 m) overall and 196 feet (59.74 m) between perpendiculars, with a beam of 19 feet (5.79 m) and a draught of 7 feet 9 inches (2.36 m). Eight Yarrow boilers fed steam at 185 pounds per square inch (1,280 kPa) to triple expansion steam engines rated at 4,200 indicated horsepower (3,100 kW) and driving two propeller shafts. Displacement was 260 long tons (260 t) light and 325 long tons (330 t) deep load.[3] Unusually for the destroyers ordered under the 1893–1894 programme, the Admiralty accepted a guaranteed speed of 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph), rather than the more normal 27 knots, possibly owing to Doxford's inexperience in building torpedo-craft.[8][3] This speed dropped to 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph) at deep load. Sufficient coal was carried to give a range of 1,155 nautical miles (2,139 km; 1,329 mi) at 11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph).[9] Three funnels were fitted.[8] The ship's complement was 50 officers and men.[10]

She was laid down as Yard Number 225 at Doxford's Sunderland shipyard on 28 May 1894, and was launched on 18 September 1895, with Miss Greta Doxford, daughter of William Theodore Doxford, serving as a sponsor.[2][3] Sea trials were successful,[11] with the ship reaching an average speed of 27.1 knots (50.2 km/h; 31.2 mph),[10] and she was completed in August 1896.[3]

Service history[edit]

Haughty and her sister ship was initially considered for overseas service on the Pacific Station, but Janus and Lightning were chosen instead owing to their greater range,[12] and Haughty ended up serving her entire career in home waters.[11] In 1896 Haughty was in reserve at Chatham.[13] Later she was commissioned in the Medway Instructional Flotilla. In January 1900, under the command of Lieutenant and Commander E. Leatham, she had a breakdown in her machinery, and was paid off at Chatham to have defects made good and undergo a refit.[14] In May 1902 she received the officers and men from the destroyer Havock, and was commissioned on 8 May at Chatham by Lieutenant Harry Charles John Roberts West for service with the Medway Instructional Flotilla.[15][16] She took part in the fleet review held at Spithead on 16 August 1902 for the coronation of King Edward VII,[17] and Lieutenant William Boyle was appointed in command later the same month, on 28 August.[18] She did not rejoin the Medway flotilla until the middle of October.[19]

On 2 July 1908 Haughty was taking part in the annual Naval Manoeuvres when she collided with the destroyer Ranger. While Haughty's bow was only slightly twisted, the damage to Ranger was more severe, with her hull holed.[20]

In 1910 Haughty was a member of the Sixth Destroyer Flotilla as a tender to the shore establishment Vernon.[21]

Haughty was sold for scrap on 10 April 1912.[11][1]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "HMS Haughty on Wear-built ships". Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Launches and Trial Trips: Launches—English: H.M.S Haughty". The Marine Engineer. Vol. 17. October 1895. p. 289.
  3. ^ a b c d e Lyon 2001, p. 82.
  4. ^ Lyon 2001, p. 20.
  5. ^ Lyon 2001, p. 98.
  6. ^ Lyon 2001, pp. 98–99.
  7. ^ Friedman 2009, p. 40.
  8. ^ a b Chesneau and Kolesnik 1979, p. 91.
  9. ^ Friedman 2009, p. 290.
  10. ^ a b Brassey 1902, p. 274.
  11. ^ a b c Lyon 2001, p. 83.
  12. ^ Lyon 2001, p. 116.
  13. ^ "Naval Matters: Past and Prospective: The Reserve of Ships and Men". The Marine Engineer. Vol. 18. July 1896. p. 155.
  14. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36046). London. 23 January 1900. p. 12.
  15. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36761). London. 7 May 1902. p. 10.
  16. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36768). London. 15 May 1902. p. 7.
  17. ^ "Naval Review at Spithead". The Times (36847). London. 15 August 1902. p. 5.
  18. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36854). London. 23 August 1902. p. 8.
  19. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36903). London. 20 October 1902. p. 8.
  20. ^ "Naval Matters—Past and Prospective: Chatham Dockyard". The Marine Engineer and Naval Architect. Vol. 31. 1 August 1908. p. 14.
  21. ^ "NMM, vessel ID 368275" (PDF). Warship Histories, vol i. National Maritime Museum. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 August 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2014.

References[edit]

  • Brassey, T.A. (1902). The Naval Annual 1902. Portsmouth, UK: J. Griffin and Co.
  • Chesneau, Roger & Kolesnik, Eugene M., eds. (1979). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-133-5.
  • Friedman, Norman (2009). British Destroyers: From Earliest Days to the Second World War. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-049-9.
  • Gardiner, Robert & Gray, Randal, eds. (1985). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5.
  • Lyon, David (2001). The First Destroyers. London: Caxton Editions. ISBN 1-84067-3648.
  • Manning, T.D. (1961). The British Destroyer. Putnam and Co. OCLC 6470051.
  • March, Edgar J. (1966). British Destroyers: A History of Development, 1892–1953; Drawn by Admiralty Permission From Official Records & Returns, Ships' Covers & Building Plans. London: Seeley Service. OCLC 164893555.