Hauptamt Sicherheitspolizei

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Hauptamt Sicherheitspolizei (Main Office of the Security Police) was a central state police agency office in Nazi Germany entrusted with the national leadership of the Kriminalpolizei (Criminal Police; Kripo) and the Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police; Gestapo) for the years 1936–1939.

Foundation[edit]

On 17 June 1936 all police forces throughout Germany were united, following Adolf Hitler's appointment of Heinrich Himmler as Chief of German Police. Himmler immediately reorganised the police into two groups: the Ordnungspolizei (Order Police; Orpo), consisting of both the national uniformed police and the municipal police, and the Sicherheitspolizei (Security Police; SiPo), consisting of the Kripo and Gestapo.[1] Reinhard Heydrich was appointed chief of the SiPo and was already head of the party Sicherheitsdienst (Security Service; SD) and the Gestapo.[2][3]

In 1936, the Hauptamt Sicherheitspolizei was founded by Himmler, in order to create a centralized command office under Nazi control of the German criminal investigation and secret state police organizations.[4] Therefore, the central office of the Reichskriminalpolizeiamt and the central office of the Gestapo were integrated into the Hauptamt Sicherheitspolizei under Heydrich's overall command.[1][5]

In September 1939, the Reichssicherheitshauptamt or Reich Main Security Office (RSHA) was created as the command organization for the various state investigation and security agencies.[6] The Hauptamt Sicherheitspolizei was officially abolished and its departments were folded into the RSHA. The Gestapo became Amt IV (Department IV) and the Reichskriminalpolizeiamt became Amt V (Department V), the Kriminalpolizei in the RSHA.[6]

Organization[edit]

Hauptamt Sicherheitspolizei was organized with a central office and three branches.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Williams 2001, p. 77.
  2. ^ Weale 2010, pp. 134, 135.
  3. ^ Williams 2001, p. 61.
  4. ^ Weale 2010, p. 134.
  5. ^ Handbuch der bayerischen Ämter, Gemeinden und Gerichte 1799-1980 (München 1983).
  6. ^ a b Weale 2012, pp. 140–144.
  7. ^ Hauptamt Sicherheitspolizei Retrieved 2012-06-11.

References[edit]