Haus zum Rüden
|Haus zum Rüden|
|Native name Rüden|
|Built||first mentioned in 1373|
|Architectural style(s)||European Medieval|
|Governing body||Gesellschaft zur Constaffel|
The Haus zum Rüden (or for short: Rüden) building is the assembly hall of the Gesellschaft zur Constaffel and one of the historically notable buildings in Zürich, Switzerland. It is situated at the Limmatquai promenade in Zürich, Switzerland, opposite of the Münsterhof plaza respectively the Zunfthaus zur Meisen, and neighboured by the Zimmerleuten, Kämbel and Saffran guild houses.
The building was originally a modest timber structure located at the present Limmatquai promenade those section then was named Reichsstrasse. The former mistress of the city, the princess abbess of the Fraumünster abbey, used the building as mint. By order of the city council, the ground floor was rebuilt in 1348 with stone walls and an open porch hall for use as the city hall. In the second floor there was a drinking club used by the members of the Constaffel society.
On the Murerplan of 1576, the building can be seen on the right shore of the Limmat, south of the Zunfthaus zur Haue, on the so-called Reichsstrasse (imperial street). Its current form dates from the late 17th century, when it was fitted with an additional timber framing floor that protrudes on two sides over the lower stone walls which are about 1 metre (3 ft) thick. At the request of the city government, a pedestrian walkway was built under the arches for harmony with the appearance of the surrounding buildings. In addition, exterior renovations were made by the Bräm brothers and a redesign of the interior was undertaken by Andre Ammann, to preserve the Gothic style of the original building and to remove subsequent modifications. Impressive features of the Trinkstube – the Gothic hall of the current eponymous restaurant – include the magnificent, 11 metres (36 ft)-wide, curved wooden ceiling beams with carved heads, and the rich interior.
The Rüden building is first mentioned in 1358 and 1377 in the Fraumünster census. From 1401 when it was sold the Constaffel members, the building was known as the "Trinkstube der Herren zum Rüden". The name "zum Rüden" derives from the wolf hound, which was adopted in the heraldry of the Constaffel as a symbol of aristocratic hunting rights. In 1868 the Rüden building was sold by the then Adelige Gesellschaft (noble society) to the city of Zürich, and in 1937 it was acquired again by the current Gesellschaft zur Constaffel. The building houses also a restaurant of the higher price class.
Gesellschaft zur Constaffel
The origins of the Constaffel society (German: Gesellschaft zur Constaffel) date back to 1336, when it, along with the medieval Zürich guilds was formally founded on occasion of the Brun guild constitution. Although the guilds were associations of various craft associations, at the same time they were economical, political, social and even military organizations that participated the wars of the medieval city republic in independent military formations; however, the Constaffel members originally comprised the knights respectively minsterality of the Fraumünster abbey and wealthy merchants who usually nominated the mayors of Zürich. They constituted also the councillors of the elitary council of the medieval city republic of Zürich, until the French revolutionary troops terminated the guild regime, and the so-called Old Swiss Conferacy collapsed in spring 1798. As the Zürich guilds, except the women members of the Fraumünster society which participate just as "guests" of the Constaffel, the Constaffel members practice Sechseläuten.
Cultural heritage of national importance
The Rüden building is listed in the Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance as a Class A object of national importance.
- "Geschichte" (in German). constaffel.ch. Retrieved 2015-09-10.
- "C II 18, Nr. 460 Vergabung des Meierhofs Dübendorf durch die Witwe von Ulrich Kessler an das Kloster Selnau vor der Äbtissin des Fraumüns... (1377.01.28)" (in German). Staatsarchiv des Kantons Zürich. Retrieved 2015-09-10.
- "Aus der Geschichte" (in German). haus-zum-rueden.ch. Retrieved 2015-09-10.
- "Zentralkomitee der Zünfte Zürichs" (in German). sechselaeuten.ch. Retrieved 2015-09-09.
- Tina Huber (2014-11-06). "Manche Witze sind unter der Gürtellinie" (in German). Tages-Anzeiger. Retrieved 2014-11-06.
- "A-Objekte KGS-Inventar" (PDF). Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft, Amt für Bevölkerungsschutz. 2015-01-01. Retrieved 2015-09-13.
- Markus Brühlmeier, Beat Frei: Das Zürcher Zunftwesen. NZZ Buchverlag, Zürich 2005. ISBN 3-03823-171-1
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