Hauterive, Neuchâtel

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For the municipality of Fribourg, see Hauterive, Fribourg.
Hauterive
Laténium Museum in Hauterive
Laténium Museum in Hauterive
Coat of arms of Hauterive
Coat of arms
Hauterive is located in Switzerland
Hauterive
Hauterive
Hauterive is located in Canton of Neuchâtel
Hauterive
Hauterive
Coordinates: 47°1′N 6°58′E / 47.017°N 6.967°E / 47.017; 6.967Coordinates: 47°1′N 6°58′E / 47.017°N 6.967°E / 47.017; 6.967
Country Switzerland
Canton Neuchâtel
District Neuchâtel
Area[1]
 • Total 2.12 km2 (0.82 sq mi)
Elevation 501 m (1,644 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 2,628
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Postal code 2068
SFOS number 6454
Surrounded by Cudrefin (VD), Neuchâtel, Saint-Blaise
Website www.hauterive.ch
SFSO statistics

Hauterive is a commune in the district and canton of Neuchâtel, Switzerland.

History[edit]

Hauterive is first mentioned about 1148 as arta ripa.[3] The village's beginnings were first recorded in 1443 when monks founded the monastery Fontaine-André.[4]

Geography[edit]

Lake Neuchâtel at Hauterive

Hauterive has an area, as of 2009, of 2.1 square kilometers (0.81 sq mi). Of this area, 0.25 km2 (0.097 sq mi) or 11.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 1.27 km2 (0.49 sq mi) or 59.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.64 km2 (0.25 sq mi) or 30.2% is settled (buildings or roads).[5]

Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 1.9% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 15.6% and transportation infrastructure made up 6.6%. while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 5.7%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 0.9% is used for growing crops and 2.8% is pastures, while 8.0% is used for orchards or vine crops.[5]

The municipality is located in the Neuchâtel district, at the foot of the Chaumont near Neuchâtel.

The Hauterivian Age of the Cretaceous Period of geological time is named for Hauterive.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Azure, a Cross Or.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Hauterive has a population (as of December 2015) of 2,628.[7] As of 2008, 24.5% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[8] Over the last 10 years (2000–2010) the population has changed at a rate of -5%. It has changed at a rate of -7.9% due to migration and at a rate of 2.9% due to births and deaths.[9]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (2,175 or 82.5%) as their first language, German is the second most common (164 or 6.2%) and Italian is the third (92 or 3.5%). There is 1 person who speaks Romansh.[10]

As of 2008, the population was 47.9% male and 52.1% female. The population was made up of 890 Swiss men (34.8% of the population) and 335 (13.1%) non-Swiss men. There were 1,028 Swiss women (40.2%) and 304 (11.9%) non-Swiss women.[11] Of the population in the municipality, 358 or about 13.6% were born in Hauterive and lived there in 2000. There were 857 or 32.5% who were born in the same canton, while 671 or 25.4% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 689 or 26.1% were born outside of Switzerland.[10]

As of 2000, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 20% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 65.4% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 14.6%.[9]

As of 2000, there were 1,000 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 1,287 married individuals, 153 widows or widowers and 197 individuals who are divorced.[10]

As of 2000, there were 1,227 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.1 persons per household.[9] There were 475 households that consist of only one person and 32 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 1,209 apartments (93.9% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 59 apartments (4.6%) were seasonally occupied and 19 apartments (1.5%) were empty.[12] As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 0.4 new units per 1000 residents.[9] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0.23%.[9]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][13]

Hearth tax

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Laténium, the cantonal museum of archeology, is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[14]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SP which received 23.81% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (19.62%), the SVP (18.84%) and the LPS Party (15.16%). In the federal election, a total of 855 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 53.2%.[15]

Economy[edit]

As of 2010, Hauterive had an unemployment rate of 5.6%. As of 2008, there were 10 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 5 businesses involved in this sector. 195 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 14 businesses in this sector. 360 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 61 businesses in this sector.[9] There were 1,410 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 43.5% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 493. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 9, of which 6 were in agriculture and 2 were in fishing or fisheries. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 188 of which 150 or (79.8%) were in manufacturing and 37 (19.7%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 296. In the tertiary sector; 126 or 42.6% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 3 or 1.0% were in the movement and storage of goods, 21 or 7.1% were in a hotel or restaurant, 7 or 2.4% were in the information industry, 14 or 4.7% were the insurance or financial industry, 9 or 3.0% were technical professionals or scientists, 15 or 5.1% were in education and 53 or 17.9% were in health care.[16]

In 2000, there were 411 workers who commuted into the municipality and 1,230 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 3.0 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering. About 2.9% of the workforce coming into Hauterive are coming from outside Switzerland.[17] Of the working population, 24.3% used public transportation to get to work, and 61.7% used a private car.[9]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 851 or 32.3% were Roman Catholic, while 922 or 35.0% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 29 members of an Orthodox church (or about 1.10% of the population), there were 4 individuals (or about 0.15% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic Church, and there were 110 individuals (or about 4.17% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There were 2 individuals (or about 0.08% of the population) who were Jewish, and 93 (or about 3.53% of the population) who were Islamic. There were 13 individuals who were Buddhist, 5 individuals who were Hindu and 3 individuals who belonged to another church. 564 (or about 21.39% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 93 individuals (or about 3.53% of the population) did not answer the question.[10]

Education[edit]

In Hauterive about 1,063 or (40.3%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 473 or (17.9%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 473 who completed tertiary schooling, 51.6% were Swiss men, 22.8% were Swiss women, 15.2% were non-Swiss men and 10.4% were non-Swiss women.[10]

In the canton of Neuchâtel most municipalities provide two years of non-mandatory kindergarten, followed by five years of mandatory primary education. The next four years of mandatory secondary education is provided at thirteen larger secondary schools, which many students travel out of their home municipality to attend.[18] During the 2010-11 school year, there were 2 kindergarten classes with a total of 42 students in Hauterive. In the same year, there were 5 primary classes with a total of 101 students.[19]

As of 2000, there were 11 students in Hauterive who came from another municipality, while 207 residents attended schools outside the municipality.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ a b Hauterive in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ http://hauterive.ne.ch/hauterive/EN/home.htm
  5. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  6. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 24-October-2011
  7. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  8. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 24-October-2011
  10. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 (German) accessed 2 February 2011
  11. ^ Canton of Neuchatel Statistics, République et canton de Neuchâtel - Recensement annuel de la population (German) accessed 13 October 2011
  12. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  13. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  14. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  15. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  16. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  17. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb (German) accessed 24 June 2010
  18. ^ EDK/CDIP/IDES (2010). Kantonale Schulstrukturen in der Schweiz und im Fürstentum Liechtenstein / Structures Scolaires Cantonales en Suisse et Dans la Principauté du Liechtenstein (PDF) (Report). Retrieved 24 June 2010. 
  19. ^ Statistical Department of the Canton of Neuchâtel Mémento de l'année scolaire 2010/2011 (French) accessed 17 October 2011