Hauts-de-Seine

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Hauts-de-Seine
View on Boulogne-Billancourt from Parc de Saint-Cloud 140411 1.jpg
Meudon Observatory (3559558087) (cropped).jpg
Le Château-Musée départemental de Sceaux, Journées du Patrimoine 2020.jpg
Rueil-Malmaison Bois de Saint-Cucufa en automne 009.JPG
La Défense depuis La Garenne-Colombes.jpg
From top down, left to right: a view of Boulogne-Billancourt from the Parc de Saint-Cloud, Meudon site of the Paris Observatory, the Château de Sceaux, lake in Rueil-Malmaison, La Défense seen from La Garenne-Colombes
Flag of Hauts-de-Seine
Coat of arms of Hauts-de-Seine
Location of Hauts-de-Seine in France
Location of Hauts-de-Seine in France
Coordinates: 48°50′N 02°12′E / 48.833°N 2.200°E / 48.833; 2.200Coordinates: 48°50′N 02°12′E / 48.833°N 2.200°E / 48.833; 2.200
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
PrefectureNanterre
SubprefecturesAntony
Boulogne-
Billancourt
Government
 • President of the Departmental CouncilGeorges Siffredi (LR)
Area
 • Total176 km2 (68 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total1,603,268
 • Rank5th
 • Density9,100/km2 (24,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Altoséquanais.e
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number92
Arrondissements3
Cantons23
Communes36
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Hauts-de-Seine (French pronunciation: [o d(ə) sɛn] (About this soundlisten); lit.'Heights of Seine') is a landlocked department in the Île-de-France region, Northern France. It covers Paris's western inner suburbs. With a population of 1,603,268 (as of 2016) and a total area of 176 square kilometres (68 square miles), it is the second most highly densely populated department of France after Paris. The population is sightly larger than Guinea-Bissau. Its prefecture is Nanterre although Boulogne-Billancourt, one of its two subprefectures alongside Antony, has a larger population.

Hauts-de-Seine is best known for containing the modern office, cinema and shopping complex La Défense, one of Grand Paris's main economic centres and one of Europe's major business districts. Hauts-de-Seine is one of the wealthiest department in France; it has the highest GDP per capita at €104,000 in 2016.[1] Its inhabitants are called Altoséquanais in French.

History[edit]

The Hauts-de-Seine department was created in 1968, from parts of the former departments of Seine and Seine-et-Oise. Its creation reflected the implementation of a law passed in 1964; Nanterre had already been selected as the prefecture for the new department early in 1965.

In 2016, the Departmental Council of Hauts-de-Seine voted in favour of a fusion of Hauts-de-Seine and Yvelines, its western neighbour. Following a similar vote in Yvelines, an établissement public interdépartemental was established. The fusion will proceed if voters in both departments return a favourable majority of councillors in the 2021 elections.[2] The name Seine-et-Oise (department abolished in 1968) has been discussed for a new department.

Demographics[edit]

Population development since 1881[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1881254,928—    
1891332,076+2.68%
1901467,391+3.48%
1911614,862+2.78%
1921724,261+1.65%
1931949,231+2.74%
19361,019,627+1.44%
1946992,859−0.27%
19541,118,020+1.50%
19621,381,805+2.68%
19681,461,619+0.94%
19751,438,930−0.22%
19821,387,039−0.52%
19901,391,658+0.04%
19991,428,881+0.29%
20061,536,100+1.04%
20111,581,268+0.58%
20161,603,268+0.28%
source:[3]

Place of birth of residents[edit]

Place of birth of residents of Hauts-de-Seine in 1999
Born in metropolitan France Born outside metropolitan France
80.6% 19.4%
Born in
overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.5% 3.5% 3.8% 10.6%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as Pieds-Noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), as well as to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Geography[edit]

Situation[edit]

Hauts-de-Seine and two other small departments (Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne) form an inner ring around Paris, known as the Petite Couronne (literal translation: "Little Crown"). Together with the City of Paris, they are included in the Grand Paris since 1 January 2016. It is the Smallest Department in France after Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne. It is sightly smaller than Maldives or the State of Connecticut.

Petite Couronne

Administration[edit]

Hauts-de-Seine comprises three departmental arrondissements and 36 communes:

Map number Name Area (km2) Population Coat of arms Arrondissement Map Labelled map
1 Antony 9.56 62,570 Blason ville fr Antony (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Antony Antony map.svg Administrative map 92.png
2 Châtenay-Malabry 6.38 33,286 Blason ville fr Châtenay-Malabry (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Châtenay-Malabry map.svg
3 Sceaux 3.6 19,344 Blason Sceaux 92.svg Sceaux map.svg
4 Bourg-la-Reine 1.86 20,667 Blason Brest(29).svg Bourg-la-Reine map.svg
5 Bagneux 4.19 40,918 Blason ville fr Bagneux (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Bagneux map.svg
6 Fontenay-aux-Roses 2.51 24,564 Blason ville fr Fontenay-aux-Roses (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Fontenay-aux-Roses map.svg
7 Le Plessis-Robinson 3.43 29,100 Blason Plessis-Robinson 92.svg Le Plessis-Robinson map.svg
8 Clamart 8.77 52,971 Blason ville fr Clamart (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Clamart map.svg
9 Châtillon 2.92 37,355 Blason Châtillon 92.svg Châtillon map.svg
10 Montrouge 2.07 50,260 Blason ville fr Montrouge (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Montrouge map.svg
11 Malakoff 2.07 30,720 Blason ville fr Malakoff (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Malakoff map.svg
12 Vanves 1.56 27,729 Blason Vanves.svg Vanves map.svg
13 Issy-les-Moulineaux 4.25 68,451 Blason ville fr Issy-les-Moulineaux (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Boulogne-Billancourt Issy-les-Moulineaux map.svg
14 Boulogne-Billancourt 6.17 120,071 Blason ville boulogne billancourt.svg Boulogne-Billancourt map.svg
15 Meudon 9.9 45,352 Blason ville fr Meudon (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Meudon map.svg
16 Sèvres 3.91 23,507 Blason Sèvres 92.svg Sèvres map.svg
17 Chaville 3.55 20,520 Blason ville fr Chaville (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Chaville map.svg
18 Ville-d'Avray 3.67 11,453 Blason ville fr Ville d'Avray (92).svg Ville-d'Avray map.svg
19 Saint-Cloud 7.56 29,973 Blason ville fr Saint-Cloud (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Saint-Cloud map.svg
20 Marnes-la-Coquette 3.48 1,810 Blason ville fr Marnes-la-Coquette (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Marnes-la-Coquette map.svg
21 Vaucresson 3.08 8,667 Blason ville fr Vaucresson (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Vaucresson map.svg
22 Garches 2.69 17,869 Blason ville fr Garches (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Nanterre Garches map.svg
23 Rueil-Malmaison 14.7 78,152 Blason ville fr Rueil-Malmaison (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Rueil-Malmaison map.svg
24 Suresnes 3.79 48,264 Blason ville fr Suresnes (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Suresnes map.svg
25 Puteaux 3.19 44,645 Blason ville fr Puteaux (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Puteaux map.svg
26 Nanterre 12.19 95,105 Blason ville fr Nanterre (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Nanterre map.svg
27 Colombes 7.81 85,177 Blason ville fr Colombes (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Colombes map.svg
28 La Garenne-Colombes 1.78 29,169 Blason Garenne Colombes 92.svg La Garenne-Colombes map.svg
29 Bois-Colombes 1.92 28,239 Blason ville fr Bois-Colombes (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Bois-Colombes map.svg
30 Courbevoie 4.17 81,719 Blason Courbevoie 92.svg Courbevoie map.svg
31 Neuilly-sur-Seine 3.73 60,361 Blason ville fr Neuilly-sur-Seine (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Neuilly-sur-Seine map.svg
32 Levallois-Perret 2.41 64,379 Blason Levallois-Perret 92.svg Levallois-Perret map.svg
33 Clichy 3.08 61,070 Blason Clichy 92.svg Clichy map.svg
34 Asnières-sur-Seine 4.82 85,191 Blason ville fr Asnières-sur-Seine (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Asnières-sur-Seine map.svg
35 Gennevilliers 11.64 46,907 Blason ville fr Gennevilliers (92).svg Gennevilliers map.svg
36 Villeneuve-la-Garenne 3.2 23,771 Blason ville fr Villeneuve-la-Garenne (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Villeneuve-la-Garenne map.svg

Economy[edit]

Hauts-de-Seine is one of France's wealthiest departments and one of Europe's richest areas. Its GDP per capita was €104,000 in 2016, according to Eurostat official figures.[1]

Politics[edit]

In the 1990s and early 2000s, Hauts-de-Seine received national media attention as the result of a corruption scandal concerning the misuse of public funds provided for the department's housing projects. Implicated were former minister and departmental council president Charles Pasqua, as well as other personalities of the Rally for the Republic (RPR) party.

Hauts-de-Seine was the political base of Nicolas Sarkozy, President of the French Republic from 2007 to 2012. He was Mayor of Neuilly-sur-Seine (1983–2002) and President of the Departmental Council of Hauts-de-Seine (2004–2007) before he assumed the office. Sarkozy succeeded Pasqua as President of the Departmental Council.[4]

Departmental Council of Hauts-de-Seine[edit]

Hauts-de-Seine is governed by a departmental council. Its 46 members are called departmental councillors. The electorate of Hauts-de-Seine usually votes for right-wing parties; there has never been a left-wing majority since the department's inception in 1968.

The departmental council is the deliberative organ of the department. The executive is led by the council president, assisted by vice presidents, in charge of various portfolios. Departmental councillors are elected (two per canton) by the department's inhabitants for six-year terms (no term limits).

National representation[edit]

Hauts-de-Seine elected the following members of the National Assembly in the 2017 legislative election:

Constituency Member[5] Party
Hauts-de-Seine's 1st constituency Elsa Faucillon French Communist Party
Hauts-de-Seine's 2nd constituency Adrien Taquet La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 3rd constituency Christine Hennion La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 4th constituency Isabelle Florennes La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 5th constituency Céline Calvez La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 6th constituency Constance Le Grip The Republicans
Hauts-de-Seine's 7th constituency Jacques Marilossian La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 8th constituency Jacques Maire La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 9th constituency Thierry Solère The Republicans
Hauts-de-Seine's 10th constituency Gabriel Attal La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 11th constituency Laurianne Rossi La République En Marche!
Hauts-de-Seine's 12th constituency Jean-Louis Bourlanges Democratic Movement
Hauts-de-Seine's 13th constituency Frédérique Dumas La République En Marche!

In the Senate, Hauts-de-Seine is represented by:

Tourism[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]