Hava Nagila

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"Hava Nagila" (Hebrew: הבה נגילה‬, Havah Nagilah, "Let us rejoice") is a Jewish folk song traditionally sung at Jewish celebrations. It is perhaps the first modern Israeli folk song in the Hebrew language that has become a staple of band performers at Jewish weddings and bar/bat mitzvah celebrations. The melody is based on a Hassidic Nigun.[1] It was composed in 1915 in Ottoman Palestine, when Hebrew was being revived as a spoken language after falling into disuse in this form for approximately 1,700 years, following the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE and the Bar Kokhba revolt in 132–136 CE. For the first time, Jews were being encouraged to speak Hebrew as a common language, instead of Yiddish, Arabic, Ladino, or other regional Jewish languages.

Origin[edit]

Abraham Zevi Idelsohn (1882–1938), a professor at Hebrew University, began cataloging all known Jewish music and teaching classes in musical composition; one of his students was a promising cantorial student, Moshe Nathanson,[2] who (with the rest of his class) was presented by the professor with a 19th-century, slow, melodious, chant (niggun or nigun) and assigned to add rhythm and words to fashion a modern Hebrew song.[citation needed] There are competing claims regarding Hava Nagila's composer, with both Idelsohn and Nathanson being suggested.[3][4]

The niggun he presented has been attributed to the Sadigurer Chasidim, who lived in what is now Ukraine,[3] which uses the Phrygian dominant scale common in music of Transylvania.[citation needed] The commonly used text was probably refined by Idelsohn.[5][better source needed] [6][original research?]

In 1918, the song was one of the first songs designed to unite the early Yishuv [Jewish enterprise] that arose after the British victory in Palestine during World War I and the Balfour Declaration, declaring a national Jewish homeland in the lands newly removed from Turkey's control by the Allies and entrusted to Britain under the Treaty of Versailles.[citation needed] Although Psalm 118 (verse 24) of the Hebrew Bible may have been a source for the text of "Hava Nagila",[citation needed] the expression of the song and its accompanying hora ("circle") dance was entirely secular in its outlook.[citation needed]

Lyrics[edit]

Transliteration Hebrew text English translation
Hava nagila
הבה נגילה
  Let's rejoice
Hava nagila
הבה נגילה
  Let's rejoice
Hava nagila ve-nismeḥa
הבה נגילה ונשמחה
  Let's rejoice and be happy
  (repeat)    
Hava neranenah
הבה נרננה
  Let's sing
Hava neranenah
הבה נרננה
  Let's sing
Hava neranenah ve-nismeḥa
הבה נרננה ונשמחה
  Let's sing and be happy
  (repeat)    
Uru, uru aḥim!
!עורו, עורו אחים
  Awake, awake, my brothers!
Uru aḥim be-lev sameaḥ
עורו אחים בלב שמח
  Awake my brothers with a happy heart
  (repeat line four times)    
Uru aḥim, uru aḥim!
!עורו אחים, עורו אחים
  Awake, my brothers, awake, my brothers!
Be-lev sameaḥ
בלב שמח
  With a happy heart

Note: The “ḥ” can be pronounced as a voiceless pharyngeal fricative [ħ] (as in classical Hebrew) or a voiceless uvular fricative [χ], as “ch” as in Bach (modern Hebrew pronunciation).

Party Animals recording[edit]

"Hava Naquila"
Single by Party Animals
from the album Good Vibrations
Released 6 April 1996
Genre Happy Hardcore, Gabber
Length 3:46
Label Mokum Records
Songwriter(s) Traditional
Producer(s) Flamman & Abraxas
Party Animals singles chronology
"Have You Ever Been Mellow"
(1996)
"Hava Naquila"
(1996)
"Aquarius"
(1996)
Music video
"Hava Naquila" (Official) on YouTube

"Hava Naquila" is the second single of the Party Animals from their debut album Good Vibrations. The song was released in 1996 and is a happy hardcore version of the classic folk song "Hava Nagila" set in a gabber beat. The single was certified Gold.[7]

The fourth track of the single, "Die Nazi Scum", was intended to show that not all gabbers were racists. The song spent 12 weeks in the Dutch Top 40, of which three were spent on the number one position for. The song was number 14 on the end of the year list of 1996. A strange anomaly is that "Hava Naquila" took the number one position from "Captain Jack" by Captain Jack, but was replaced by another release from Captain Jack, "Drill Instructor".

Track listing[edit]

# Title Length
1. "Hava Naquila (Flamman & Abraxas radio mix)" 3:46
2. "Wapperdewap" 1:37
3. "Hakkefest" 5:55
4. "Die Nazi Scum" featuring Rob Gee 5:00
5. "Hava Naquila (Tekno Mafia mix)" 5:05



Notable performers[edit]

Use in sports[edit]

Association football[edit]

Ajax Amsterdam

Supporters of the Dutch association football club AFC Ajax, although not an official Jewish club, commonly use Jewish imagery. A central part of Ajax fans' culture, the song Hava Nagila can often be heard sung in the Stadium by the teams supporters, and at one point ringtones of "Hava Nagila" could even be downloaded from the club's official website.[21][22][23]

Tottenham Hotspur

Supporters of the English football club Tottenham Hotspur commonly refer to themselves as Yids and are strongly associated with Jewish symbolism and culture. The song "Hava Nagila" has been adopted as an anthem of sorts by the club, and was one of the most frequently sung songs at White Hart Lane.[24][25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Loeffler, James. "Hava Nagila's Long, Strange Trip. The unlikely history of a Hasidic melody". myjewishlearning.com. My Jewish Learning. Like many modern Israeli and popular Jewish songs, Hava Nagila began its life as a Hasidic melody in Eastern Europe
  2. ^ Nathanson, who later worked in New York, most famously composed the nearly-universal melody that is sung with the Birkat Hamazon ("Grace After Meals").[citation needed]
  3. ^ a b c Roberta Grossman, Director/Producer; Sophie Sartain, Writer/Producer (2012). Hava Nagila (The Movie) (NTSC B&W and color, widescreen, closed-captioned). Los Angeles, CA, USA: Katahdin Productions, More Horses Productions. OCLC 859211976. Retrieved 3 September 2015. The song you thought you knew. The story you won't believe.
  4. ^ NPR staff, 2013, "Film Hoists 'Hava Nagila' Up Onto A Chair, In Celebration Of Song And Dance." NPR (online), February 28, 2013, see [1], accessed 3 September 2015.
  5. ^ Yudelson, Larry. "Who wrote Havah Nagilah?". RadioHazak. Larry Yudelson. Archived from the original on 2008-07-29. Retrieved 2007-11-08.
  6. ^ In an appearance on BBC Radio 4 Desert Island Discs on 28 October 2007, Idelsohn's grandson Joel Joffe referred to his grandfather as the author of "Hava Nagila", but in the programme notes it says "Composer: Bashir Am Israelim", meaning that either this is an alias for Abraham Zevi Idelsohn, to whom Joffe was clearly referring in the programme, or (more plausibly) the programme notes contain a mistranscription of "Shir Am Yisraeli", meaning "Israeli folksong".
  7. ^ NVPI.nl Dutch certification database Accessed November 4, 2006
  8. ^ Joffe: Abraham Zvi Idelsohn[full citation needed]
  9. ^ Belafonte, Harry (1959) Belafonte at Carnegie Hall: The Complete Concert (LP) RCA Victor LOC-6006
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Hava Nagila, What Is It? (Part I)" at YouTube[unreliable source?]
  11. ^ Leland, John. (2004) Hip: The History, New York, NY, USA: HarperCollins, p. 206.
  12. ^ The Red Army Choir MVD (2017-03-06), The Red Army Choir MVD - Hava Nagila, retrieved 2017-03-07
  13. ^ Four Jacks and a Jill, Jimmy Come Lately Retrieved May 13, 2015
  14. ^ "Set Lists 1968 to 1976". The Highway Star. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
  15. ^ Raphael sings "Hava Nagila" at YouTube
  16. ^ Dalida: Hava nagila 2, at YouTube
  17. ^ Neil Diamond Live In America 1994, at YouTube
  18. ^ "Hava Nagila Twist", on The Hokey Pokey:Organized Dancing (1991)
  19. ^ "Hava Nagila" by Sonata Arctica in a Tokyo concert at YouTube
  20. ^ Dream Theater: vídeo de música Judaica no show em Israel, luew, 19/06/09
  21. ^ Amsterdam Journal; A Dutch Soccer Riddle: Jewish Regalia Without Jews, The New York Times, 28 March 2005.
  22. ^ Hava Nagila!Nieuw Israëlietisch Weekblad, 15 October 2013
  23. ^ 'Waar komt de geuzennaam 'Joden' toch vandaan?', Het Parool, 1 February 2014.
  24. ^ Promised Land: A Northern Love Story – Anthony Clavane, 12 February 2014
  25. ^ The Yid Army’s chants turn anti-semitism into kitsch banter, Financial Times, 20 September 2013.

External links[edit]