Hawaiian Gardens, California
Hawaiian Gardens, California
|City of Hawaiian Gardens|
"Our Youth, Our Future"
Location of Hawaiian Gardens in Los Angeles County, California.
|Incorporated (city)||April 9, 1964|
|• Type||City Council-Administrator|
|• Mayor||Myra Maravilla|
|• Mayor Pro Tem||Jesse Alvarado|
|• Council Members||Luis Roa |
|• Total||0.96 sq mi (2.49 km2)|
|• Land||0.95 sq mi (2.46 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2) 1.09%|
|Elevation||33 ft (10 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||15,266.88/sq mi (5,894.12/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1652716|
Hawaiian Gardens is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. It is the smallest city in the county (approximately 1.0 mi²) and was incorporated on April 9, 1964. The population was 14,254 at the 2010 census, down from 14,779 at the 2000 census.
The town's unusual name originated with a 1920s refreshment stand that was decorated with palm fronds and bamboo. It was the then-rural area's main landmark for many years, and its name stuck as the small town grew up around it. As one of seven Los Angeles County cities that allow casino gambling, more than $9.2 million (65%) of the city's revenue comes from the Gardens Casino.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2). 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) of it is land and 0.01 square miles (0.026 km2) of it (1.09%) is water. Hawaiian Gardens is the smallest city in area in Los Angeles County.
In 1927, a fruit stand with palms was opened on the corner of two dirt roads of Carson and Norwalk called Hawaiian Gardens. Thus, the name was born. The area was a refuge for people to buy or build a home during the Great Depression.[clarification needed] Many homes lacked basic modern conveniences taken for granted today.[clarification needed]
In the late 1920s, only Norwalk Blvd was a paved road. For the next 35 years, with the exceptions of Pioneer Boulevard, Norwalk Boulevard, and Carson, the little town would be all dirt roads. When the city was incorporated in 1964, the paving of roads began immediately. By 1966, all streets south of Carson between Pioneer and Norwalk were paved. By 1968, all streets were paved, and the three major thoroughfares of Norwalk, Pioneer, and Carson were widened to current traffic standards.
Historic structures lost
- Van Kampen Dairy Drive-In (1959–2011); razed for parking lot in 2013; SW Corner of Norwalk and 226th Streets
- Bloomfield Elementary School (1924–1986); sold for $3,000,000 in lieu of current shopping center; 12100 Carson St
- Homebase Warehouse Store (1989–2007); sold and razed for the current bingo club at 21900 Norwalk Blvd.
- Historic Section at 22100–21700 Norwalk Boulevard; razed in 1989 for Homebase Warehouse Store. This whole east side of Norwalk Boulevard had a few cafes, businesses, and beauty salons, some of which dated back to the 1950s.
- Plowboys Market (1956–1999); family-owned supermarket replaced by the Gardens Casino; there were also other businesses replaced, including a Pic 'N' Save
- The original Hawaiian Gardens City Hall (1964–1979); building razed 1988 for Gardens Shopping Center; 12134 Tilbury St.
- The original Hawaiian Gardens Library (1979–1988); building razed 1988 for Gardens Shopping Center; 12134 Tilbury St.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Hawaiian Gardens had a population of 14,254. The population density was 14,905.0 people per square mile (5,754.9/km²). The racial makeup of Hawaiian Gardens was 6,477 (45.4%) White (7.3% Non-Hispanic White), 546 (3.8%) African American, 178 (1.2%) Native American, 1,513 (10.6%) Asian, 57 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 4,929 (34.6%) from other races, and 554 (3.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11,010 persons (77.2%).
The Census reported that 14,238 people (99.9% of the population) lived in households, 16 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 3,562 households, out of which 1,930 (54.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,819 (51.1%) were married couples living together, 714 (20.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 337 (9.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 217 (6.1%) partnerships, and 20 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 534 households (15.0%) were made up of individuals and 246 (6.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.00. There were 2,870 families (80.6% of all households); the average family size was 4.33.
The population was spread out with 4,576 people (32.1%) under the age of 18, 1,759 people (12.3%) aged 18 to 24, 4,109 people (28.8%) aged 25 to 44, 2,684 people (18.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,126 people (7.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males.
There were 3,703 housing units at an average density of 3,872.1 per square mile (1,495.0/km²), of which 1,577 (44.3%) were owner-occupied, and 1,985 (55.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.3%. 6,247 people (43.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 7,991 people (56.1%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the 2010 United States Census, Hawaiian Gardens had a median household income of $42,017, with 24.4% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,779 people, 3,507 households, and 2,868 families residing in the city. The population density was 15,389.5 inhabitants per square mile (5,944.0/km²). There were 3,624 housing units at an average density of 3,773.7 per square mile (1,457.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 38.24% White, 4.45% Black or African American, 1.28% Native American, 8.80% Asian, 0.74% Pacific Islander, 41.65% from other races, and 4.85% from two or more races. 62.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,507 households out of which 52.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.2% were non-families. 14.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.21 and the average family size was 4.52.
In the city, the population was spread out with 36.8% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 14.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,500, and the median income for a family was $31,840. Males had a median income of $21,074 versus $20,643 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,728. About 19.8% of families and 22.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.4% of those under age 18 and 15.2% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
The City of Hawaiian Gardens is a general law city and governs itself as a council-manager form of government. The city council is elected at-large. The city council appoints the city manager. The council establishes policies and ordinances and the city manager, assisted by the department heads, implements them.
The city council members must be Hawaiian Gardens residents and registered voters. As specified by the Constitution of California, city elections are non-partisan.
State and federal representation
In the California State Legislature, Hawaiian Gardens is in the 32nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Bob Archuleta, and in the 63rd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Anthony Rendon.
Hawaiian Gardens is within the ABC Unified School District.
Middle schools within Hawaiian Gardens include Pharis F. Fedde Middle School, which was formerly called Killingsworth Junior High School.
Residents are zoned to the following high schools:
According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Hawaiian Gardens Casino||1,000|
|2||Tri-City Regional Medical Center||350|
|3||City of Hawaiian Gardens||81|
|4||Total Building Care||70|
|5||Cypress Garden Villas||70|
|9||ABC Unified School District||40|
|10||Outdoor Living Products||40|
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on October 17, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "City Council". City of Hawaiian Gardens. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
- "Hawaiian Gardens (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved August 3, 2019.
- City of Hawaiian Gardens (July 13, 2006). "Budget Summary" (PDF). Retrieved December 31, 2006.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Hawaiian Gardens city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0632506.html. Missing or empty
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Statewide Database". Regents of the University of California. Retrieved April 11, 2015.
- "California's 38th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- "Lakewood Station Archived December 30, 2009, at the Wayback Machine." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
- "Whittier Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- "Post Office Location - HAWAIIAN GARDENS." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "City of Hawaiian Gardens CAFR" (PDF).