Hawar (magazine)

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Hawar (meaning The Cry in English) was a Kurdish literature magazine, which was published in Damascus between 1932 and 1945.[1] The magazine was first issued by Jaladat Ali Badirkhan[1] on 15 May 1932. The magazine was the first Kurdish literary magazine in Syria.[2] It was published on a monthly basis.[2] The 57th issue was released on 15 August 1943. The first 23 issues of the magazine were published in both the Latin and the Arabic alphabets, but from the 24th issue onward, only the Latin alphabet was used. The Kurdish alphabet, which was formulated by the publisher Jaladat Ali Badirkhan and also referred to as Hawar alphabet or the Badirkhan alphabet, was used to publish Hawar.[3]


  1. ^ a b Ozlem Belcim Galip (30 May 2015). Imagining Kurdistan: Identity, Culture and Society. I.B.Tauris. p. 252. ISBN 978-1-78453-016-7. Retrieved 11 July 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Kani Xulam (12 May 2013). "The story of a Kurdish prince in exile: Jeladet Ali Bedir Xan". Ekurd Daily. Retrieved 11 July 2016. 
  3. ^ An article about the subject