Hawk of May

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Hawk of May
Author Gillian Bradshaw
Country United States
Language English
Series Down the Long Wind
Genre Epic fantasy
Historical fantasy
Publisher Signet, Simon & Schuster
Publication date
Media type Print (Paperback)
Pages 279
ISBN 0-451-09765-3
OCLC 7629687
Followed by Kingdom of Summer

Hawk of May is the first installment in Gillian Bradshaw’s Down The Long Wind trilogy. Published initially in 1980 by Simon and Schuster, Hawk of May centers on Gwalchmai ap Lot and his adventures during the time of Arthur.

Plot summary[edit]

Hawk of May is a bildungsroman centered on Gwalchmai ap Lot (Gawain in other literature). Gwalchmai is the middle child of Morgawse and Lot. He lives with his family in the northern Orcade isles located north of modern day Scotland. Gwalchmai struggles to learn the arts of war his brother, Agravain, so easily masters. During his training, a great war is going on to the south in Britain. The Saxons are encroaching upon British soil and the other kings are disorganized by blood feuds and the recent death of Uther Pendragon. In the midst of war there is one man, Arthur, who seems to be winning against both the unruly British kings and the Saxons. While his father, Lot, and Agravain go to war, Gwalchmai is frustrated by his failures and turns to his mother, Morgawse, to teach him to read and write as well as the secrets of dark magic. Where Gwalchmai struggled with war skills, he learned swiftly in the arts his mother taught him and quickly became enthralled by the darkness. He maintains his relationship with the dark until the eve of Samhain where he discovers his youngest brother, Medraut (Mordred ), has also committed to the darkness. Horrified by this revelation, Gwalchmai interrupts Morgawse’s ritual and flees the promised wrath of Morgawse and Medraut. After his escape, Gwalchmai begs the help of an ancient kin and deity called Lugh of the Long Hand. He is then transported to the Isle of the Blessed, a mystical land of unknown origin that keeps it’s inhabitants forever young. Here, Gwalchmai converts to the Light, obtains his sword Caledvwlch, and is then transported to an unknown area in the greater isle of Britain. During his stay in the Isle of the Blessed, Gwalchmai has aged three years. He is initially captured by the Saxons who believe him to be a British thrall, or servant. Under this cover, Gwalchmai is eventually able to escape the Saxons on the back of a powerful horse from the Isle of the Blessed named Ceincaled. He and Ceincaled flee towards Arthur’s domain where they split up and Gwalchmai earns a ride to Camlann with a farmer after helping fix his cart. On their way, however, Gwalchmai is met by some knights - namely Cei, Bedwyr and Agravain. The latter doesn’t initially recognize his younger brother until Gwalchmai addresses him by name. After the brothers reunite they go together to Camlann where Gwalchmai finally meets Arthur. Arthur, however, does not accept him. Instead, Gwalchmai is forced to try and try to gain Arthur’s trust. He goes with the ‘Family’ on many battles, helping even to win in some grievous affairs, but Arthur refuses to acknowledge him. It’s not until the final chapter where Gwalchmai finally proves himself at par with Arthur’s standards and is finally accepted into the Family.


  • The hero of this story, Gwalchmai is initially the runt of the litter. He lacks skill in all arts of combat and prefers solitude in his sanctuary, Llyn Gwalch, or horseback riding. He’s insecure and desperately tries to please all branches of his family. After coming to a revelation that he is not a warrior, Gwalchmai becomes embittered and believes he can never turn away after becoming a participant in darkness. His narrations become dark and foreboding up to the point he escapes the darkness. After encountering Lugh and the Land of the Blessed, Gwalchmai finds himself grown three years. He’s more mature now. Loyalty and persistence replace bitterness and anger; Gwalchmai finally finds a place with Agravain and Arthur’s Family as a tagalong soldier, and eventually one of Arthur’s knights.
  • Agravain starts out as a typical bully character who looks down on Gwalchmai for his inability to perform as the other boys do on the practice field. Agravain is a young man eager for battle and impatient towards his brother. Like many other characters, however, Agravain grows and matures and becomes a loyal brother who is willing to stick up for Gwalchmai even when most of the Family are suspicious of him.
  • Lot is the father of Gwalchmai and Agravain (and supposedly Medraut) who adopts the warrior role when it comes to the militaristic pair of himself and Morgawse. He is known as a great war leader but less as a tactician. He lives for and glorifies battle.
  • Morgawse is described as frighteningly beautiful and terrifying when angered. A vengeful sorceress of black magic, Morgawse doesn’t seem to have any love for her husband or her children - though she feigns it in order to gain Gwalchmai’s trust. Manipulative and calculating, Morgawse is the brain behind Lot’s brawn, but is several times fiercer than Lot in her own way. She is later revealed to channel a spirit called the Queen of Air and Darkness, the cold embodiment of darkness and evil. She ultimately vows her hatred to Arthur above all else.
  • Medraut is the younger brother of Gwalchmai. Curious beyond everything else, Medraut looks up to Gwalchmai in the first chapters of Hawk of May and becomes ceaselessly curious when Gwalchmai begins to learn under Morgawse. Medraut eventually becomes a part of Morgawse’s schemes and is enthralled in darkness to the point that Gwalchmai fears he will never be able to escape it.
  • Arthur is known as the bastard son of Uther Pendragon and one of the many warlords who seek Uther’s throne. He fights against the Saxons as they encroach upon British lands and is known for his skilled cavalry and prowess in battle. Arthur is constantly angry and suspicious at Gwalchmai throughout the novel, even though he holds up to the rumors of many who say he is a just and fair leader. Other than his unexplained anger towards Gwalchmai, Arthur is indeed honorable and he does his best to take care of his people and his Family.
  • Cei is Arthur's infantry commander, a large, red-haired, red-bearded man of violent temper but with a keen sense of honor. Like many of his peers, Cei initially distrusts Gwalchmai because he assumes he is using magic. Cei’s and Gwalchmai’s relationship is tense throughout the entire book until Cei is finally convinced Gwalchmai is an honest comrade. Only then does their relationship reach less treacherous grounds. Although brash, Cei is a knight completely loyal to Arthur’s ‘Family’ and he will not let anything endanger it.
  • Bedwyr serves as a foil to Cei. He is patient and bookish, preferring wisdom over strength. He is one of the few knights to initially listen to and trust Gwalchmai.
  • Lugh of the Longhand is described as a non-deity immortal who lives on the Land of the Blessed. He is the embodiment of light and good in the story and hence appears as the enemy to Morgawse.
  • Ceincaled is Gwalchmai’s powerful steed from Land of the Blessed. A giant of a horse with a pure white coat, Ceincaled was initially a violent and unyielding horse captured by the Saxons, refusing to let anyone ride him save for Gwalchmai. Gwalchmai confesses that, even though he is Ceincaled’s rider, Ceincaled is a creature of the Land of the Blessed, and will never be tamed as earthly horses are (Bradshaw, 140.)
  • Caledvwlch is the sword Gwalchmai takes with him from the Isle of the Blessed. A powerful sword of surreal origins, the blade can only be held by Gwalchmai and, remarkably, Arthur. Caledfwlch, Caledvwlch being a variation, is the Welsh name for Excalibur.
  • Taliesin is the Merlin character of Bradshaw’s trilogy. He’s a mysterious bard with an other worldly aura and sense of wisdom that’s explained in his riddles and music. Not much is known of Taliesin beyond rumors, but Gwalchmai believes he is from or at least has been to Land of the Blessed because of a song Gwalchmai heard him play both in Camlann and in Land of the Blessed.

Central Theme[edit]

The central theme of Hawk of May is the idea of good versus evil. This is portrayed in the novel with the contrasting forces of the Light and the Darkness. Magic plays an important role in this as well, because there is good magic (such as the sword Caledvwlch) as well as evil magic (the magic which Morgawse uses). Even though Gwalchmai is tempted by the Darkness, once he meets the deity-like figure Lugh, he promises to work instead for good. This draws in the older tales where it is said that Gwalchmai gains his power from the Sun which leads him to be his strongest in the middle of the day with his power waning at night. Contrasting with Gwalchmai and the Light is his brother, Medraut, who studies dark magic with Morgawse. While Gwalchmai is turning into one of Arthur’s greatest warriors and a large contributor to the success of his warband, Medraut will eventually lead to Arthur’s downfall. In this respect, Gwalchmai and Medraut act as both foils and physical manifestations of the theme of the novel.