Hawkins, Texas

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Hawkins, Texas
Allen Memorial Public Library in Hawkins
Allen Memorial Public Library in Hawkins
Nickname(s): Boredom Capital of Texas
Location of Hawkins, Texas
Location of Hawkins, Texas
Wood County Hawkins.svg
Coordinates: 32°35′30″N 95°12′3″W / 32.59167°N 95.20083°W / 32.59167; -95.20083Coordinates: 32°35′30″N 95°12′3″W / 32.59167°N 95.20083°W / 32.59167; -95.20083
Country United States
State Texas
County Wood
 • Total 2.3 sq mi (5.8 km2)
 • Land 2.2 sq mi (5.8 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 407 ft (124 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,278
 • Density 560/sq mi (220/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 75765
Area code 903
FIPS code 48-32816 [1]
GNIS feature ID 1337469 [2]
Hawkins advertises itself as the home of Jarvis Christian College and the "Pancake Capital of Texas" because it was the home of Lillian Richard, an African-American actress who portrayed "Aunt Jemima" for the Quaker Oats Company from 1925 to 1947.
Downtown Hawkins (2014)
Another glimpse of Hawkins with City Hall in the blue building on the right (2016).
City National Bank in Hawkins
First Baptist Church of Hawkins; Zachary Tunnel pastor (2015)

Hawkins is a city in Wood County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,278 at the 2010 census. It is located twenty miles north of the larger city of Tyler. Just east of the community is Jarvis Christian College, an historically black institution of higher learning.


A post office was established in Hawkins in 1873.


Hawkins is located at 32°35′30″N 95°12′3″W / 32.59167°N 95.20083°W / 32.59167; -95.20083 (32.591694, -95.200936).[3] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.8 km²), of which 2.2 square miles (5.8 km²) is land and 0.44% is water.

Hawkins is located between Mineola (18 miles west of Hawkins) and Big Sandy (7 miles east) on U.S. Route 80. Most of Hawkins is along FM Road 14 which runs north and south. Quitman and the unincorporated community of Holly Lake Ranch are located to the north of Hawkins, while Interstate 20 and Tyler can be reached by traveling south from Hawkins on FM 14.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hawkins has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[4]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20161,299[5]1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,331 people, 492 households, and 358 families residing in the city. The population density was 593.1 people per square mile (229.4/km²). There were 558 housing units at an average density of 248.6 per square mile (96.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.79% White, 16.08% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.23% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.98% of the population.

There were 492 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.2% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 78.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,543, and the median income for a family was $36,985. Males had a median income of $31,607 versus $19,800 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,833. About 12.3% of families and 17.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.8% of those under age 18 and 32.3% of those age 65 or over.


Hawkins is served by the Hawkins Independent School District.

Jarvis Christian College is located in unincorporated Wood County, Texas, east of Hawkins.

Conservative monitors Mel and Norma Gabler launched their critique of public school textbooks from their kitchen table in Hawkins in 1961 before moving to Longview.

Lillian Richard, an African-American actress who played "Aunt Jemima" for the Quaker Oats Company from 1925 to 1947, was born in Hawkins. Her great-nephew, Stanley Richard, played in the National Football League in the 1990s.

Area attractions[edit]