Hawkins Bolden

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Hawkins Bolden
Hawkins Bolden.jpg
Hawkins Bolden with his sculptures
Born(1914-09-10)September 10, 1914
Died2005(2005-00-00) (aged 90–91)
Memphis, Tennessee
Known forAssemblage Sculpture
MovementModern Art

Hawkins Bolden (1914–2005) was an American artist known for his "scarecrow" assemblages made from pots, pans, leather belts, rubber hoses and other found materials.[1][2]

Early life[edit]

Born in the Bailey’s Bottom section of Memphis, Tennessee, a childhood accident left Bolden blind at the age of eight.[3]


In 1997, Bolden participated in the show Passionate Visions of the American South opening at the New Orleans Museum of Art.[4][5] Bolden was one of four subjects of the 2011 documentary Make, which also included Ike Morgan, Royal Robertson and Judith Scott (artist).[6] The American Visionary Art Museum contains permanent collections of his works.[7] Bolden’s scarecrows are included in the collections of The Smithsonian Museum of Art, The High Museum, and the Philadelphia Museum of Art.[8][9]


  1. ^ Johnson, Ken. "Art In Review: National Black Fine Art Show". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  2. ^ Arnett, William. "Souls Grown Deep". Souls Grown Deep. Souls Grown Deep. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  3. ^ Drury, John. "Make Do". artnet. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  4. ^ "Passionate Visions of the American South: Self-Taught Artists from 1940 the Present, and exhibit curated and a catalog edited by Alice Rae Yelen (Review)". Southern Cultures. Retrieved 2021-04-18.
  5. ^ "SCARECROW by Hawkins Bolden - intuitive eye". intuitiveeye.org. Retrieved 2021-04-18.
  6. ^ Kushner, Daniel. "Make: Outsider Art and the Blessed Compulsion". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  7. ^ Sellen, Betty-Carol (2016). Self-Taught, Outsider and Folk Art: A Guide to American Artists, Locations and Resources, 3d ed. McFarland & Company. p. 65. ISBN 978-1476623047.
  8. ^ "Untitled". High Museum of Art. Retrieved 2021-04-18.
  9. ^ "Hawkins Bolden | Smithsonian American Art Museum". americanart.si.edu. Retrieved 2021-04-18.

External links[edit]