Bismarck Township, Michigan
|Bismarck Township, Michigan|
|• Total||69.9 sq mi (181.0 km2)|
|• Land||67.6 sq mi (175.2 km2)|
|• Water||2.2 sq mi (5.8 km2)|
|Elevation||876 ft (267 m)|
|• Density||6.0/sq mi (2.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1625942|
Hawks is a small unincorporated community at  in the eastern part of township at the boundary with Belknap Township. The Hawks post office, with ZIP code 49743, also serves much of southern Bismarck Township, as well as southern Belknap Township, a portion of western Pulawski Township to the east of Belknap, the western portion of Metz Township, and a small part of southeastern Case Township. The Hawks post office opened on August 26, 1896. The community was named for James Dudley Hawks, then president of the Detroit and Mackinac Railway, after the railroad established a station there in 1895.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 69.9 square miles (181 km2), of which 67.6 square miles (175 km2) is land and 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2) (3.19%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 408 people, 180 households, and 135 families residing in the township. The population density was 6.0 per square mile (2.3/km²). There were 570 housing units at an average density of 8.4 per square mile (3.3/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 99.26% White, 0.25% African American, 0.25% from other races, and 0.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.25% of the population.
There were 180 households out of which 20.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.0% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.56.
In the township the population was spread out with 16.4% under the age of 18, 2.5% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 33.6% from 45 to 64, and 25.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 51 years. For every 100 females there were 111.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.8 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $31,477, and the median income for a family was $33,182. Males had a median income of $25,357 versus $20,938 for females. The per capita income for the township was $16,713. About 7.3% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.3% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bismarck Township, Michigan
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hawks, Michigan
- 49743 5-Digit ZCTA, 497 3-Digit ZCTA - Reference Map - American FactFinder, U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 census
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hawks Post Office
- Romig, Walter (1986) . Michigan Place Names. Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1838-X.