Haworthia magnifica

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Haworthia magnifica
Haworthia magnifica clump 2.jpg
Haworthia magnifica in habitat.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asphodelaceae
Subfamily: Asphodeloideae
Genus: Haworthia
Species: H. magnifica
Binomial name
Haworthia magnifica
  • Haworthia maraisii var. magnifica (Poelln.) M.B.Bayer
  • Haworthia retusa var. magnifica (Poelln.) Halda

Haworthia magnifica is a species of the genus Haworthia belonging to the family Asphodelaceae.

It is popular as an ornamental in cultivation, especially in the form of its unique and colourful variety, "splendens".


The genus name Haworthia honors the British botanist Adrian Hardy Haworth (1767–1833), while the species name "magnifica" derives from the Latin word “Magnificus” meaning "magnificent”.


Haworthia magnifica is a succulent evergreen slow-growing species reaching a size of 40 cm in height. Its shape and brownish-greenish color serve to camouflage this plant on the ground. It is usually a solitary stemless plant. The leaves are approximately triangular, about 3,5 cm long, with longitudinal pale brown or greyish veines along the upper surfaces and small teeth along the edges. The leaves form a rosette of about 8 cm in diameter. Flowers are white and small, forming an inflorescence of about 40 cm.

This highly variable species is one of the "retuse" species of Haworthia, meaning that it usually grows sunken beneath the ground with its flattened leaves only showing on the surface. Its rosette of succulent leaves are turned back ("retuse") so as to provide a flat and level face, on the surface of the ground. In this form, it is similar to other retuse haworthias (e.g. Haworthia pygmaea, Haworthia bayeri, Haworthia springbokvlakensis, Haworthia mirabilis, Haworthia emelyae and Haworthia retusa).[1]

It can usually be distinguished from its relatives however, by its dark green (almost purple) leaves, which have a scabrous (rough) sub-tuberculate, slightly translucent surface, covered in faint, parallel lines.


This species is native to the Cape Provinces of South Africa.[2]


It grows on bushes and rocks at an altitude of about 220 meters.





  1. Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. Welman, E. Reitief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. v. Wyk & A. Nicholas. 1987. List of species of southern African plants. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. 1), 1–270(pt. 2).
  2. Natl. Cact. Succ. J. 32: 18 (1977).