Haworthia mirabilis

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Haworthia mirabilis
Xanthorrhoeaceae - Haworthia mirabilis.JPG
Haworthia mirabilis at the botanical garden of Villa Durazzo-Pallavicini, Genova Pegli
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asphodelaceae
Subfamily: Asphodeloideae
Genus: Haworthia
Species: H. mirabilis
Binomial name
Haworthia mirabilis
(Haw.) Haw.
Synonyms
  • Aloe mirabilis Haw.
  • Apicra mirabilis (Haw.) Willd.
  • Catevala mirabilis (Haw.) Kuntze
  • Haworthia beukmanii
  • Haworthia retusa var. mirabilis (Haw.) Halda
  • Haworthia willowmorensis

Haworthia mirabilis is a species of the genus Haworthia belonging to the family Asphodelaceae.

Etymology[edit]

The genus name Haworthia honors the British botanist Adrian Hardy Haworth (1767–1833), while the species epitheton mirabilis derives from Latin and means "wonderful”.

Description[edit]

H.mirabilis var. "mundla".
H.mirabilis var. triebneriana.

Haworthia mirabilias is a succulent evergreen slow-growing species reaching a size of 4 to 45 centimetres (1.6 to 17.7 in) in height. It is usually a solitary stemless plant. The leaves are green, with longitudinal pale green lines along the upper surfaces and small teeth along the margins. They turn to brownish or reddish in the sun. The leaves form a rosette and the flowers are white and small, in an inflorescence.

This highly variable species is one of the "retuse" species of Haworthia, meaning that it usually grows sunken beneath the ground with its flattened leaves only showing on the surface. Its rosette of succulent leaves are turned back ("retuse") so as to provide a flat and level face on the surface of the ground. In this form, it is similar to other retuse haworthias (e.g. Haworthia pygmaea, Haworthia bayeri, Haworthia springbokvlakensis, Haworthia magnifica, Haworthia emelyae and Haworthia retusa).

However Haworthia mirabilias can be distinguished from its relatives by the marginal bristles on the leaves, and the way that the leaves end in sharp points.

Distribution[edit]

This species is native to South Africa.

Habitat[edit]

It grows on rocky areas at an altitude of about 500 meters.

Subspecies[edit]

Haworthia maraisii (V.Poelln.) is now included as a variety under Haworthia mirabilis.[1]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  1. Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. Welman, E. Reitief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. v. Wyk & A. Nicholas. 1987. List of species of southern African plants. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. 1), 1–270(pt. 2).
  2. Natl. Cact. Succ. J. 32: 18 (1977).