Hawthorne, Queensland

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Hawthorne
BrisbaneQueensland
HawthorneCinema.JPG
The Hawthorne cinema
Hawthorne is located in Queensland
Hawthorne
Hawthorne
Coordinates27°28′00″S 153°03′30″E / 27.4666°S 153.0583°E / -27.4666; 153.0583Coordinates: 27°28′00″S 153°03′30″E / 27.4666°S 153.0583°E / -27.4666; 153.0583
Population4,989 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density3,120/km2 (8,080/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4171
Area1.6 km2 (0.6 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
Location6.5 km (4 mi) E of Brisbane CBD[2]
LGA(s)City of Brisbane
(Morningside Ward)[3]
State electorate(s)Bulimba
Federal Division(s)Griffith
Suburbs around Hawthorne:
Teneriffe Bulimba Balmoral
New Farm Hawthorne Morningside
New Farm Norman Park Morningside

Hawthorne is suburb of the City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.[4] In the 2016 census, Hawthorne had a population of 4,989 people.[1]

Geography[edit]

Hawthorne is located 6.5 kilometres (4.0 mi) by road east of the CBD.[2]

Toponymy[edit]

There are two theories about the name of the suburb. One is that butcher William Baynes purchased land in the area in 1875 and named the area after Hawthorn in Melbourne where he lived before his arrival in Queensland in 1859.[4] An alternative theory is that Baynes planted many hawthorne bushes in the 1850s and 1860s.[5]

History[edit]

Hawthorne started as a farming district in the 1860s, it was owned by james logan in 1394 before it was called a farming town it gradually subdivided as Brisbane grew. This was helped by the introduction of ferry and tram services.

In October 1885 the "Galloway's Hill Estate" was advertised to be auctioned by Arthur Martin & Co.[6] A map shows the blocks, including river front land, in Wendell Street, Waldo Street, and adjoining land in Hawthorne Road.[7]

The "Oak Park Estate", made up of blocks on Orchard Street, Park Street and Oak Street, was first advertised for sale in September 1885.[8] A map advertising 33 allotments in the estate to be auctioned on 13 August 1887 shows the auctioneer was G.T. Bell & Co.[9] Due to inclement weather that sale was postponed to 20 August 1887.[10]

The "Bulimba Road Estate", made up of 200 blocks near the Hawthorne Estate, was advertised for sale in June 1887.[11][12] A map advertising the estate shows the blocks near Bulimba Road (now Hawthorne Road) for auction by Arthur Martin & Co.[13]

The "Bulimba Park Estate", comprising 78 allotments in the area that is now Mullens Street, Barton Road and adjoining lots on Hawthorne Road and Riding Road, was advertised for sale in November 1887.[14] A map of the estate notes the seller of the land as the Metropolitan Freehold Land & Building Company Limited, and the auctioneer as G.T. Bell.[15]

In November 1888 the "Circular Quay Estate", made up of 40 allotments, including six riverfront blocks, within five minutes' walk to the Bulimba steam ferry, was advertised to be auctioned by John Macnamara & Co.[16] A map shows the lots in the area of land currently bordered by Leura Avenue.[17]

Lourdes Hill College was established in February 1916 by the Sisters of the Good Samaritan.[18] It was officially dedicated on Sunday 7 May 1916 by Roman Catholic Archbishop of Brisbane, James Duhig.[19]

In September 1935 "Barton Lodge Estate" , comprising six blocks on Barton Road and Gordon Street, were advertised to be auctioned by Cameron Bros.[20] A map advertising the auction shows three of the blocks with river frontage and all within walking distance of the Hawthorne ferry and the Balmoral tram terminus.[21]

In the 2016 census, Hawthorne had a population of 4,989 people.[1]

Education[edit]

Lourdes Hill College is a Catholic secondary (7-12) school for girls at 86 Hawthorne Road (27°28′12″S 153°03′32″E / 27.4699°S 153.0589°E / -27.4699; 153.0589 (Lourdes Hill College)).[22][23] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 1,234 students with 87 teachers (86 full-time equivalent) and 69 non-teaching staff (57 full-time equivalent).[24]

Demographics[edit]

The 2011 Census recorded 4,775 residents in Hawthorne, of whom 50.5% were female and 49.5% were male. The median age of the population was 33; four years younger than the Australian median.[25]

71.3% of people living in Hawthorne were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%. The other most common countries of birth were England (5.1%), New Zealand (3.9%), Scotland (0.9%), the United States (0.9%), and South Africa (0.8%). 88% of people only spoke English at home, while the next most commonly spoken languages were Spanish (0.8%), Greek (0.7%), French (0.6%), Japanese (0.4%), and Italian (0.4%).[25]

Landmarks[edit]

The Hawthorne Cinema complex, on Hawthorne Road, is a classic theatre, opened in the 1940s it contains a large curved screen - one of the largest in Brisbane, as well as 2 smaller screens. It is part of the Cineplex Australia chain of cinemas, also including the Balmoral, Southbank and the (newly opened) Victoria Point cinema complexes. Hawthorne is home to several parks, and has numerous public transport options and a CityCat stop. Lourdes Hill College is an independent girls college in the heart of Hawthorne, that opened in 1916.

Aerial view of Hawthorne taken in 1947

Heritage listings[edit]

Hawthorne has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Transport[edit]

Hawthorne is well serviced by public transport with Bus, CityCat and close proximity to Morningside railway station. Hawthorne is located in zone 2 of the TransLink integrated public transport system.

Train[edit]

Hawthorne is located under 2 km (1.2 mi) away from Morningside railway station, which provides Queensland Rail City network services to the Brisbane CBD and Cleveland.

Bus[edit]

Hawthorne is serviced by two bus routes, the 230 and the 232. Each bus route provides access to the Brisbane CBD, Fortitude Valley as well as other suburbs listed below.

Bus Routes:
230 - Bulimba, Riding Rd, Gabba, South Brisbane, City, Valley
232 - Cannon Hill, Balmoral, Bulimba, East Bris, Valley, City

Ferry[edit]

The Hawthorne ferry wharf provides CityCat services to Brisbane CBD, South Bank Parklands, and other suburbs on the CityCat network.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Hawthorne (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b Centre for the Government of Queensland. "Hawthorne". Archived from the original on 3 June 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
  3. ^ "Morningside Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 17 April 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Hawthorne - suburb in City of Brisbane (entry 48297)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  5. ^ Gregory, Helen; Dianne Mclay (2010). Building Brisbane's History: Structure, Sculptures, Stories and Secrets. Warriewood, New South Wales: Woodslane Press. p. 112. ISBN 9781921606199.
  6. ^ "Classified Advertising". The Brisbane Courier. XL (8, 650). Queensland, Australia. 2 October 1885. p. 2. Retrieved 29 October 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  7. ^ "Galloway's Hill Estate Arthur Martin & Co., Auctioneers ; C. Brundson Fletcher, Surveyor". 3 October 1885. hdl:10462/deriv/253869. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  8. ^ "Advertising". The Telegraph (4, 067). Queensland, Australia. 24 September 1885. p. 7. Retrieved 29 October 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  9. ^ "The Oak Park Estate 33 allotments, subdivision 2 of portion 64, Parish of Bulimba / G.T. Bell & Co., Auctioneers". 13 August 1887. hdl:10462/deriv/251887. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. ^ "Advertising". The Telegraph (4, 632). Queensland, Australia. 12 August 1887. p. 5. Retrieved 29 October 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  11. ^ "Advertising". The Telegraph (4, 555). Queensland, Australia. 14 May 1887. p. 8. Retrieved 29 October 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  12. ^ "Advertising". The Telegraph (4, 578). Queensland, Australia. 10 June 1887. p. 6. Retrieved 29 October 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  13. ^ "Bulimba Road estate [Hawthorne] / Arthur Martin & Co., Auctioneers". 11 June 1887. hdl:10462/deriv/251870. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  14. ^ "Advertising". The Telegraph (4, 710). Queensland, Australia. 11 November 1887. p. 5. Retrieved 29 October 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  15. ^ "The Bulimba Park Estate G.T. Bell, Auctioneer". 12 November 1887. hdl:10462/deriv/257053. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  16. ^ "Classified Advertising". The Brisbane Courier. XLV (9, 611). Queensland, Australia. 2 November 1888. p. 10. Retrieved 29 October 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  17. ^ "Circular Quay Estate [Hawthorne] / John MacNamara & Co., Auctioneer". 3 November 1888. hdl:10462/deriv/252865. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  18. ^ Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  19. ^ "HAWTHORNE COGENT". Daily Standard. Queensland, Australia. 8 May 1916. p. 4 (SECOND EDITION). Retrieved 15 March 2020 – via Trove.
  20. ^ "Advertising". The Telegraph. Queensland, Australia. 25 September 1935. p. 24 (LATE CITY). Retrieved 29 October 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  21. ^ "Barton Lodge Estate, Hawthorn Cameron Bros., Auctioneers ; R.A. Hamilton & James, Surveyors". 28 September 1935. hdl:10462/deriv/251739. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  22. ^ "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  23. ^ "Lourdes Hill College". Archived from the original on 7 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  24. ^ "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  25. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Hawthorne (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 18 May 2013. Edit this at Wikidata
  26. ^ "35 Amy Street, Hawthorne". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  27. ^ "Brethrens Meeting Room". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  28. ^ "142 Barton Road, Hawthorne". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  29. ^ "Airdrie". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  30. ^ "Hawthorne Ferry Terminal & Hardcastle Park (entry 602212)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  31. ^ "Halcyon". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  32. ^ "Lourdes Hill College". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  33. ^ "Hawthorne Presbyterian Church (former)". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  34. ^ "25 Virginia Avenue, Hawthorne". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 9 March 2020.

Further reading[edit]

  • Ward, Peita (2016), Shine : the story and spirit of Lourdes Hill College 1916-2016, Hawthorne, Qld. Lourdes Hill College, ISBN 978-0-646-94556-9

External links[edit]