Haya (Islam)

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Haya (Arabic: حياء‎, English: modesty, decency, shyness, self-respect, bashfulness, shame, honor, humility, diffidence, timidity, bashfulness, inhibition) is an arabic word which means "natural or inherent shyness and a sense of modesty",[1] is mainly used to mean modesty in Islam or in Islamic terminology[2][3]. The word itself is derived from the word Hayat which means life[4]. The original meaning of Haya refers to "a bad and uneasy feeling accompanied by embarrassment, caused by one's fear of being exposed or censured for some unworthy or indecent conduct". In Islam, Haya is an attribute which pushes Muslims to avoid anything distasteful or abominable.[5] [6][7][8][9] The antonym of Haya in Arabic is badha'a (بذاءة, immodesty) or Fahisha (فاحشة, lewdness or obscenity).

Importance[edit]

Haya plays an important role in Islam as it is one of the most important parts of Iman (Islamic faith).[10] Quran doesn't explicitly say about Haya but huge number of hadith has been mentioned the word meaning shyness, modesty and decency.[1][5][6][7][8][9]

Narrated by Abu Huraira (R): The Prophet Muhammad (Saw) said, "Faith (Belief) consists of more than sixty branches (i.e. parts). And Haya is a part of faith."

— Sahih Al Bhukari Vol.1:9

Abdullah Bin Umar narrated that the Prophet ﷺ‎, once passed by a man who was admonishing his brother regarding Haya’ saying: “You are too shy, and I am afraid that might harm you.” On that, the Prophet ﷺ‎: “Leave him, for Haya’ is (a part) of Faith” and in another narration, he said: “Haya’ does not bring anything except good.”

— (Al-Bukhari)

Prophet Muhammad said: "Haya does not bring anything except good." (Bukhari)

The messenger of Allah said: "Indeed from the teachings of the first prophets which has reached you is, ‘If you do not have shyness, then do as you please."

— Sahih Bukhari

The Prophet ﷺ‎ was “more bashful than a veiled virgin girl”.

— (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Narrated on the authority of Anas bin Malik, the Prophet (saw) said: When lewdness is a part of anything, it becomes defective; and when haya is a part of anything it becomes beautiful.

— (Tirmidhi)

Prophet indicated: "Every way of life has a innate character. The character of Islam is haya." Or "Every Deen or religion has an innate character. The character of Islam is modesty (haya)."

— (Abu Dawood, al-Muwatta)

the Prophet said:"I advise you to be shy toward God, the Exalted, in the same way that you are shy toward a pious man from your people.

— Abu Dawood

the Prophet said: "God is more deserving than other people of shyness."

— Abu Dawood

'Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, is forbearing, modest and concealing, and He loves modesty and concealment...'"

— Sunan an-Nasa'i Vol. 1:406

Abdullah ibn Umar (ra) narrated that the Prophet (saw) said: "Indeed haya (modesty) and Iman are Companions. When one of them is lifted, the other leaves as well."

— (Baihaqi)

Prophet (saws) said: "Haya and Trustworthiness will be the first to go from this world; therefore keep asking Allah for them."

— (Baihaqi)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Islamic Dress Code (part 2 of 3): Awrah & Mahrams - New Muslims". www.newmuslims.com. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  2. ^ Bukhārī, Muḥammad ibn Ismāʻīl (2002). Manners in Islam. Darul Ishaat. pp. 637–792. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  3. ^ Akande, Habeeb. A taste of honey : sexuality and erotology in Islam. ISBN 9780957484511.
  4. ^ Shafaat, Syed (2017). Inside India: My way to reach Humanity. Notion Press. ISBN 9781947752290.
  5. ^ a b "Haya (Shyness)". missionislam.com. missionislam.com. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Haya in Islam: Cultivating Modesty in an Immoral World". muslimink.com. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Modesty (part 1 of 3): An Overview". islamreligion.com. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Modesty (part 1 of 3): An Overview". islamreligion.com. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Haya (Shyness)". www.islamicbulletin.org. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  10. ^ Ahmad, Yusuf Al-Hajj. The Book Of Manners: Encyclopaedia of Islamic Law. Darussalam Publishers. p. 21. Retrieved 10 December 2018. More than one of |pages= and |page= specified (help)