E5 series set U6 on a Hayate service in November 2011
|First service||1 December 2002|
|Current operator(s)||JR East/JR Hokkaido|
|Distance travelled||823.8 km (511.9 mi)|
|Line used||Tohoku Shinkansen, Hokkaido Shinkansen|
|Class(es)||Standard + Green + Gran Class|
|Catering facilities||Trolley service|
|Rolling stock||E2 series, E5 series, H5 series|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||25 kV AC overhead|
|Operating speed||275 km/h (170 mph)|
Hayate (はやて?) is a high-speed Shinkansen service operated in Japan, on the Tohoku Shinkansen by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) since 2002 and on the Hokkaido Shinkansen by JR Hokkaido since 26 March 2016. It operates as far as the northern terminus of Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto, and it is the second-fastest service on the Shinkansen lines, operating at a top speed of 275 km/h (170 mph) between Utsunomiya and Morioka. These services were inaugurated with the opening of the Tohoku Shinkansen extension to Hachinohe on 1 December 2002.
The name "Hayate" has not been used previously on any train service in Japan. The name was chosen with input from the public; roughly translated, it means a strong or violent wind; however, it carries positive connotations of speed and power.
JR East services
From its introduction in December 2002, the Hayate service used 10-car E2 series units. With the opening of the Tohoku Shinkansen extension to the new northern terminus of Shin-Aomori from 4 December 2010, 15 return trips a day operating between Tokyo and Shin-Aomori, with one return trip between Sendai and Shin-Aomori and one return trip between Morioka and Shin-Aomori. The fastest service from Tokyo to Shin-Aomori is 3 hours 20 minutes.
From 19 November 2011, E5 series trainsets were also introduced on some Hayate services. These services are limited to the current maximum speed of 275 km/h. JR East Hayate services are coupled with Komachi services as far as Morioka, where the Komachi cars are uncoupled and proceed to Akita Station via the Akita Shinkansen. Due to the popularity of the fast train service from Tokyo to the Tohoku region, seat reservations are compulsory on both the Hayate and Komachi.
JR Hokkaido services
From 26 March 2016, with the opening of the Hokkaido Shinkansen from Shin-Aomori to Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto, the Hayate name is also used for services operating between Morioka, Shin-Aomori, and Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto. As of March 2016[update], one return service operates daily between Morioka and Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto, and one return service daily operates between Shin-Aomori and Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto. These services are formed of 10-car E5 or H5 series trainsets.
Hayate services stop at the following stations.
(*) These stations are not served by all trains. Most Hayate services terminate at Shin-Aomori station.
E2 series Hayate
|Facilities||Cardphone||Cardphone||Wheelchair space||Wheelchair space|
E5 & H5 series Hayate
- JR新幹線＆特急列車ファイル [JR Shinkansen & Limited Express Train File]. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. 2008. p. 16. ISBN 978-4-330-00608-6.
- 東北新幹線 新青森開業における運転時刻について [Details of timetable following opening of Shin-Aomori Station] (pdf) (in Japanese). East Japan Railway Company. 7 September 2010. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
- 東北新幹線「はやぶさ」に投入しているＥ５系車両を「はやて」「やまびこ」に導入！ [Tohoku Shinkansen "Hayabusa" E5 series trains to be introduced on "Hayate" and "Yamabiko" services] (pdf). Press release (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. 12 September 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- 北海道新幹線の列車名決定について [Details of Hokkaido Shinkansen train names] (PDF). News release (in Japanese). Japan: Hokkaido Railway Company. 20 November 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- JR時刻表 [JR Timetable] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 2016. p. 977. EAN 4910053110464.