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Hayes (surname)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Region of originIreland, England, Scotland, Wales, France, Germany
Other names
Variant form(s)Hawes, Hay, Haye, Hays, Heas, Heyes, Highes, O'Hea, Hease, Heyes, Heise, Hughes, Haynes, Haines

Hayes is an English language surname. In the United States Census, 1990, Hayes was the 100th most common surname recorded.[2] The oldest record of the surname dates to 1197 in the Eynsham Cartulary of Oxfordshire, where it appears in the form Heise.[3][4][5] There are nineteen coats of arms assumed by or granted to individuals with this or a similar surname.[3] Though primarily a surname, "Hayes" sometimes appears as a given name in census records.[6]


Derived from name of Irish god[edit]

In Ireland, Hayes originated as a Gaelic polygenetic surname "O hAodha", meaning descendant of Aodh ("fire"), or of Aed, an Irish mythological god. Septs in most counties anglicised "O hAodha" to "Hayes". In County Cork, it became "O'Hea". In the province of Ulster, it became "Hughes", the patronymic of Hugh, an anglicized variant of the given name Aodh. Hayes is noted on a public record in County Wexford as early as 1182. In County Cork, under the Munster providence, Hayes falls under the banner of the McNamara clan in the Dalcassian Sept. Other Irish Hayeses have also been associated with Clan Cian, the ruling O'Carroll clan of southern Ireland.[7][8][9]

Derived from place-name element[edit]


In England, Hayes arose as a locational surname, associated with one of the several places named or suffixed -Hay, -Hays, -Hayes, etc., such as those in Kent, or Middlesex. Such place names had two origins, one based on the Old English haes (brushwood, underwood) and the other based on horg (enclosure) or hege (hedge).[3] The distribution of Hayes in Great Britain in 1881 and 1998 is similar, and restricted to areas of England well separated from Scotland and showing some penetration into Wales.[6] This surname has gained in popularity in the century between 1881 and 1998, but remains at a rank below 150 and a frequency lower than that in the United States and some other countries of the Commonwealth.[6]


In Scotland, Hayes is a Scoto-Norman surname, a direct translation of the Normans' locational surname "de la Haye", meaning "of La Haye", La Haye ("the hedge") being the name of several towns on the Cotentin peninsula of Normandy, France. The first Norman namebearer to arrive in Scotland was William II de la Haye in the time of the Norman invasion. Clan Hay descends from him.[7]


Hayes also can derive from the Yiddish name Khaye, meaning "life".[10][11]

Given name[edit]

Notable people with the surname[edit]

Listed here are people who share the 'Hayes' surname, organized by birth year, to assist in assembling a view of the geographic distribution of this surname over time.

Born after 1600
Wiebbe Hayes c. 1608 unknown Dutch • Colonial soldier of the Dutch East India Company and a decorated national hero.
Nathaniel Haies 1634 1706 Founding settler of Norwalk, Connecticut.
Catherine Hayes 1690 1726 English murderess.
Born after 1700
Philip Hayes (composer) 1738 1797 British • composer, organist, singer and conductor
John Hayes (explorer) 1768 1831 British • Explorer for the British East India Company
Born after 1800
Augustus Allen Hayes 1806 1882 American • Chemist and mineralogist
Catherine Hayes 1818 1861 Irish • First internationally acclaimed Irish-born opera diva; highest paid singer of her time
Rutherford B. Hayes[12] 1822 1893 American • Nineteenth president of the United States
Bully Hayes c.1829 c.1877 American • South Sea pirate
Lucy Webb Hayes[12][13] 1831 1889 American • First Lady to President Rutherford B. Hayes
Isaac Israel Hayes 1832 1881 American • Arctic explorer and physician
Augustus Allen Hayes 1837 1892 American • Author and journalist
Thomas Hayes (San Francisco landowner) before 1849 1868 Irish-American • Land owner in San Francisco area; made key contributions to the development of the San Francisco rail system
Alice Hayes 1862/3 1913 British horse trainer
Patrick Joseph Hayes 1867 1938 American • Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church; eighth Bishop (fifth Archbishop) of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York; first papal military vicar for the United States
John Hayes (Tasmanian politician) 1868 1956 Australian • Thirty-first premier of Tasmania; eighth president of the Australian Senate
Frank Hayes (actor) 1871 1923 American • Silent film actor
Ernie Hayes 1876 1953 English • Professional cricketer; Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE)
Vince Hayes 1879 after 1910 English • Professional football (soccer) player
Stephen Hayes (hurler) before 1880 (unknown) Irish • Professional hurler
Frank Hayes (unionist) 1882 1948 American • President of the United Mine Workers of America; lieutenant governor of Colorado
J. Milton Hayes 1884 1940 English • Actor and poet; known for his dramatic monologues
Ralph Leo Hayes 1884 1970 American • Catholic bishop of Helena, Montana and Davenport, Iowa: Rector of the Pontifical North American College in Rome, Italy
George 'Gabby' Hayes 1885 1969 American • Television and film actor; recipient of a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame; inductee into the Western Performers Hall of Fame
Johnny Hayes 1886 1965 American • Olympic Gold medalist in the marathon race • Second generation Irish-American
Michael Hayes (politician) 1889 1976 Irish • National politician
Seán Hayes (Tipperary politician) 1890 1968
Juan Enrique Hayes 1891 1976 Argentine • Football player
Flora Kaai Hayes 1893 1968 Hawaiian • Territorial politician
Ennis Hayes 1896 1956 Argentine • Football player
Eric Hayes 1896 1951 British • soldier
Born after 1900
Helen Hayes 1900 1993 American • Actress; winner of Oscar, Tony, Emmy and Grammy awards
John Daniel Hayes 1902 1991 American • Rear admiral in the United States Navy; naval historian and teacher of naval history
Richard J. Hayes 1902 1976 Irish  • WWII code breaker, & Director of National Library of Ireland
Saul Hayes 1906 1980 Canadian • Executive director and executive vice-president of the Canadian Jewish Congress
Clancy Hayes 1908 1972 American • Jazz singer, banjoist, guitarist
Patricia Hayes 1909 1996 English • Television and film actress; Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
Bernadine Hayes circa 1912 1987 American • actress and singer
Wayne Woodrow 'Woody' Hayes 1913 1987 American • College football coach; inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame
James L. Hayes 1915 1989 American • Educator and president of the American Management Association
Bill Hayes (footballer, born 1915) 1915 1987 Irish • Professional football (soccer) player
Margaret Hayes 1916 1977 American • Actress
John Hayes (harness racer) 1917 1998 Canadian • Professional horse racer; inducted into the Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame
Richard Hayes (Irish politician) before 1918 1958 Irish • National politician
Seán Hayes (Cork politician) before 1918 1941 Irish • National politician
Colin Hayes (artist) 1919 2003 British • Artist
John Michael Hayes 1919 2008 American • Screenwriter and Alfred Hitchcock collaborator; Edgar Award winner
Wallace D. Hayes c.1919 2001 Chinese-American • Provided fundamental contributions to the understanding of supersonic and hypersonic flight
Stephen Hayes 1902 1974 Irish • Chief of Staff of the Irish Republican Army
Nevin William Hayes 1922 1988 American • Prelate of the Territorial Prelature of Sicuani (Peru), Auxiliary Bishop of the Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago
Ira Hayes 1923 1955 Pima[14] • Paramarine in the United States Marine Corps; one of five soldiers who appear in the iconic photograph of the raising of the American flag on the island of Iwo Jima during World War II
Colin Hayes[15] 1924 1999 Australian • Champion thoroughbred racehorse trainer; Order of Australia (AM); Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
John B. Hayes 1924 2001 American • Sixteenth Commandant of the United States Coast Guard
Bill Hayes (actor) 1925 2024 American • Television and stage actor, singer; played the character Doug Williams on the soap opera Days of our Lives, also wrote The Ballad of Davey Crockett
Janet Gray Hayes 1926 2014 American • Sixtieth Mayor of San Jose, California
John Hayes (cricketer) 1927 2007 New Zealander • Professional cricketer
Lord Alfred Hayes 1928 2005 British • Professional wrestler, manager, and commentator best known for his work in the U.S. with the promotion now known as WWE
Willie Hayes 1928 2014 Irish • Professional football (soccer) player
John Hayes (art historian) 1929 2005 British • Authority on the paintings of Thomas Gainsborough; director of the London Museum and National Portrait Gallery
John Hayes (director) 1930 2000 American • B-movie genre film director
David Hayes (sculptor) 1931 2013 American • Award-winning sculptor
Brian Hayes (broadcaster) 1937 (living) Australian • Radio personality
Mickie Most[16] 1938 2003 English • Record producer • born "Michael Peter Hayes"
Vic Hayes 1941 (living) Dutch • "Father of Wi-Fi".[17][18]
Bob Hayes 1942 2002 American • Olympic Gold Medalist sprinter; professional football player; at one time considered the world's fastest man
Geoffrey Hayes 1942 2018 English • Television presenter and actor; presented Rainbow (TV series)
Isaac Hayes[19] 1942 2008 American • Soul and funk musician; winner of Oscar and Grammy awards
Paul Martin Hayes 1942 1995 English • Historian and writer on fascism
Patrick J. Hayes 1944 (living) British • Computer scientist known for his seminal and continuing contributions to the field of Artificial Intelligence
Denis Hayes 1944 (living) American • Environmental Advocate, Proponent of Solar Power, and Founder of Earth Day
Brian Hayes QC (lawyer) 1944 (living) Australian • Environmental Lawyer
Elvin Hayes 1945 (living) American • Professional basketball player, inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame
Frank Hayes (cricketer) 1946 (living) English • Professional cricketer
Billy Hayes (writer) 1947 (living) American • Film writer, actor, director; author of Midnight Express
John Hayes (New Zealand politician) 1948 (living) New Zealander • Member of Parliament
Sharon Hayes 1948 (living) Canadian • Member of Parliament
Mark Hayes (golfer) 1949 2018 American • Professional golfer
Stephen K. Hayes 1949 (living) American • Martial arts instructor and author; inductee into the Black Belt Hall of Fame (Instructor of the Year); former security advisor and bodyguard to the Dalai Lama of Tibet
Born after 1950
Dennis Hayes 1950 (living) American • Co-developer of the first commercial modem for the IBM PC; founder of Hayes Microcomputer Products
Jerry Hayes 1953 (living) British • National politician; barrister
Mark Hayes (composer) 1953 (living) American • Gospel music composer
Beth Hayes 1955 1984 American • Economist specializing in theoretical microeconomics
Chris Hayes (politician) 1955 (living) Australian • National politician for the Division of Werriwa
Austin Hayes 1958 1986 Irish • Professional football (soccer) player
John Hayes (British politician) 1958 (living) English • National politician
Michael Hayes (wrestler) 1959 (living) American • Professional wrestler and writer for professional wrestling events
Calvin Hayes[16] 1960 (living) English • Musician; founding member of Johnny Hates Jazz
David A. Hayes[15] 1962 (living) Australian • Thoroughbred racehorse trainer
Kevin Hayes 1962 (living) English • Professional cricketer
Bruce Hayes (swimmer) 1963 (living) American • Olympic Gold Medalist swimmer
David Hayes (born 1963) American Conductor Director The Philadelphia Singers
Stevie Plunder[20] 1963 1996 Australian • Singer/songwriter; founding member of The Whitlams
Bernie Hayes[20] before 1963 (living) Australian • Singer/songwriter
Christian Hayes 1964 (living) English • Rock singer, songwriter, guitarist
Michael Hayes (spree killer) 1964 (living) American • Murderer notable for successful use of insanity as a defense
J. P. Hayes 1965 (living) American • Professional golfer
Cylvia Hayes 1967 (living) American • Former First Lady of Oregon
Eric Hayes (American football) 1967 (living) American • football player
Andrea Hayes 1969 (living) American • Backstroke swimmer
Brian Hayes (politician) 1969 (living) Irish • National politician
Sean Hayes (musician) 1969 (living) American • Folk music singer-songwriter
Trisa Hayes 1969 (living) American • Professional wrestler
Sean Hayes (actor) 1970 (living) American • Film and television actor; Emmy award winner
Chris Hayes (American football) 1972 (living) American • Professional football player
Darren Hayes 1972 (living) Australian • Pop and electronica singer, songwriter
Amy Faye Hayes 1973 (living) American • ring announcer and model
David Hayes (musician) before 1973 (living) American • Bass guitar player
Edwina Hayes 1973 (living) Irish-English • Singer, songwriter
John Hayes (rugby union) 1973 (living) Irish • Professional rugby union player
Josh Hayes 1975 (living) American • Professional motorcycle racer
Peter Hayes 1976 (living) American • Founder/Guitarist in Black Rebel Motorcycle Club
David Hayes (soccer) 1976 (living) American • Professional football (soccer) player
Emma Hayes 1976 (living) English • football (soccer) manager
Kirsty Hayes 1977 (living) British • Diplomat and civil servant
Gemma Hayes 1977 (living) Irish • Musician, singer-songwriter
Christopher Hayes (journalist) 1979 (living) American • Journalist; editor of The Nation
Trent Hayes before 1980 (living) Australian • Non-fiction author and business consultant
Frank Hayes (musician) before 1980 (living) American • Filk musician; computer technology columnist
Lenny Hayes 1980 (living) Australian Rules Football player
Hazel Hayes 1985 (living) Irish YouTuber, filmmaker, and author
David Hayes (writer) before 1986 (living) Canadian • Non-fiction author and essayist
Jordan Hayes 1987 (living) Canadian • Actress
Jimmy Hayes (ice hockey) 1989 2021 American • Ice hockey player
Hunter Hayes 1991 (living) American • Country music singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist
Kevin Hayes (ice hockey) 1992 (living) American • Ice hockey player
Dion Hayes 1994 (living) American • Rapper; known professionally as 42 Dugg
Nigel Hayes 1994 (living) American • Basketball player
Tae Hayes 1997 (living) American • Football player
Born after 2000
Jaxson Hayes 2000 (living) American • Basketball player
Ryan Hayes (American football) 2000 (living) American • Football player
Leah Hayes 2005 (living) American • Swimmer

Additional notable people[edit]

Fictional characters with the surname[edit]


As a surname, Hayes is the 191st most common surname in Great Britain, with 42,475 bearers. It is most common in Kent, where it is the 73rd most common surname, with 4,828 bearers. Other concentrations include, Buckinghamshire, (34th,3,304), Caerphilly, (43rd,1,700), Carmarthenshire, (48th,1,696), Merseyside, (79th,3,252), Swansea, (86th,1,704), City of Leeds (165th,1,722), Lancashire, (177th,3,370), Greater London, (288th,3,358), Greater Manchester, (335th,1,724), Cheshire, (386th,1,678), Essex, (618th,1,666), and Scotland. Other notable concentrations include, Tyne and Wear, West Yorkshire including, the City of Wakefield, Nottinghamshire, the Glasgow City council area, Midlothian, Moray, Aberdeenshire, Banffshire, North Yorkshire, South Yorkshire including, the City of Sheffield, Darton, Kirkleatham, and the Highlands.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Home". celticfamilymaps.com.
  2. ^ Citation: United States Census Bureau. 1995.
  3. ^ a b c Citation: Hayes surname meaning
  4. ^ Eynsham Cartulary of Oxfordshire: This text is a chronological record of deeds issued in Eynsham, Oxfordshire and recorded by the Benedictine Abbey of Eynsham. Several full text versions are available online, as this is considered an antiquarian text of some relevance; for instance, a version published in 1907 is available via Google Books.
  5. ^ Citation: Eysham abbey. 1907.
  6. ^ a b c Citation: Longley et al.
  7. ^ a b Citation: Hayes surname group.
  8. ^ Citation: kthomas, 2002.
  9. ^ Citation: Hayes, John; 2008.
  10. ^ "Meaning, origin and history of the surname Hayes (3)". Retrieved 26 December 2013.
  11. ^ "Hayes Family History". ancestry.com. Retrieved 5 October 2021.
  12. ^ a b Husband and wife: Rutherford 1822 and Lucy 1831
  13. ^ This person is listed here under her married name.
  14. ^ The Pima are a Native American people.
  15. ^ a b Father and son: Colin 1924 and David 1962
  16. ^ a b Father and son: Mickie 1938 and Calvin 1960
  17. ^ "CNET Vision series, December 6, 2002: "...which earned him the sobriquet of father of Wi-Fi."".
  18. ^ Business Week, 1 April 2003
  19. ^ Father and son: Isaac 1942 and Isaac before 2000
  20. ^ a b Brothers: Stevie 1963 and Bernie before 1963
  21. ^ Orr, Christopher (17 November 2017). "'Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri' Is an Absolute Marvel". The Atlantic.

General and cited references[edit]