Haymarket - Boston

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Haymarket - Boston
Market (place)
View of Haymarket - Boston
Features produce and seafood market
Opening date Friday and Saturday
Manager Haymarket Pushcart Association
Location Boston
Blackstone St between Hanover and North Sts
Coordinates: 42°21′41.7″N 71°3′21.9″W / 42.361583°N 71.056083°W / 42.361583; -71.056083Coordinates: 42°21′41.7″N 71°3′21.9″W / 42.361583°N 71.056083°W / 42.361583; -71.056083

Haymarket in Boston is an open-air market on Blackstone, Hanover, and North Streets, next to the Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Greenway between the North End and Government Center.

Location of Haymarket pushcart vendors shown in blue on a map of downtown Boston.

The market is operated by the Haymarket Pushcart Association,[1][2] which was founded in 1974 to negotiate with the city on issues such as waste removal and traffic.[3] The roughly 50[4]:42 Haymarket vendors sell fruit, vegetables, and seafood at very low prices.[5][6]:26 The market offers "produce its vendors obtain from wholesale distribution terminals north of Boston,"[6]:6 primarily the New England Produce Center[7] in Chelsea.[4]:34 Prices are low because the wholesale markets need to make room for new shipments arriving over the weekend.[4]:45[8][9]

The market is open "from dawn to dusk" every Friday and Saturday.[4]:32[10] The market's location and days of operation were established by a 1952 state law[11] and by a 1978 city ordinance.[12] Vendors are licensed[4]:41 by the City of Boston Inspectional Services Department.[13]

The market is adjacent to the Haymarket MBTA station, which is served by two subway lines and many bus routes. Inexpensive validated parking for Haymarket shoppers is available at the Parcel 7 Garage.[14] The discount was created as a "mitigation" measure for the impact of the Big Dig highway project on Haymarket.[15]:9

A study conducted for the Boston Redevelopment Authority in 2009 by the Project for Public Spaces found that "Haymarket attracts one of the most diverse populations of any market we have worked on. ... Customers include almost every imaginable ethnic group and income level. Haymarket is the primary place where most of its shoppers buy produce and it serves a vital role in the Boston food distribution system."[6]:21 In 2015, two Johns Hopkins University graduate students proposed the creation in Baltimore of a market modeled after Haymarket, to address the problems of food going to waste and the lack of access to fresh produce in low-income communities.[16]

History[edit]

View in South Market Street, Boston (Winslow Homer)

Markets have operated in this part of Boston since the 1600s.[17] The first market buildings were constructed in 1734.[15]:7 The indoor market at Faneuil Hall opened in 1742. Open-air markets have been in continuous existence in the vicinity since early in the 19th century,[18][19][20][21] with many transformations over the years.[22] The Haymarket Pushcart Association traces its roots to 1820.[1]

In the early 20th century, hundreds of street vendors [15]:8[23] did business on 24 city blocks.[24] Laws passed beginning in 1908 limited the locations where vendors could set up shop.[15]:8 The predecessor of today's market was relocated from Haymarket Square in 1952 to make way for construction of the elevated Central Artery.[25] A state law passed in that year designates the current location of Haymarket for use by "hawkers and peddlers" on Fridays and Saturdays.[11]

Through much of the 20th century, most Haymarket vendors were of Italian ancestry.[15] Today the mix of vendors is more diverse.[26][27] According to Haymarket Pushcart Association President Otto Gallotto, "This place has always been an immigrants’ market with affordable prices. From when the Irish and Italians came to Boston and even now, we have every ethnicity both buying and selling at Haymarket.”[28]

The market takes its name from Haymarket Square, a former town square that was located a block to the north, where some vendors operated during the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century.[15]:40 The market is located on the Freedom Trail, adjacent to the Blackstone Block Historic District, which is "the oldest extant city block in the country."[29] This part of Boston has been called the "Market District" since at least 1910.[30] The name was in use through at least the 1950s,[31] then fell out of use,[15]:7 and has recently been revived.[6] The Market District also includes the indoor Boston Public Market (which opened in 2015), Quincy Market, and a market in the proposed Haymarket Square Hotel.[32]

Criticism[edit]

Haymarket inspires strong feelings, both pro and con, among Boston residents and visitors.[33][34][35][36]

Aftermath of market day, 2005, before installation of trash compactors

Conflicts between Haymarket vendors and the City of Boston have arisen at times over issues including trash and truck parking. A 2005 Boston Globe article[22] quoted then-Mayor Thomas Menino: "Haymarket is part of the uniqueness of Boston. My parents took me there when I was a kid. I wouldn't want the vendors to not be part of the Boston landscape. We want people to be able to buy affordable fruit and vegetables. But [the vendors] have to meet us halfway. They can't continue to live outside the rules. We have to have constructive dialogue with them."

Concerns about odor and litter led the City of Boston to install several large trash compactors on the site in 2009.[4]:29

Art and culture[edit]

Asaroton

In 1976, the Massachusetts Bicentennial Commission and the City of Boston commissioned a public art installation in the streets and sidewalks used for the market.[37] The installation, called "Asaroton, 1976", by Mags Harries and Lajos Heder, was described by the artists as follows: "The embedded bronze pieces replicate the trash and debris that might normally cover the street. When the stalls and real debris of the farmer’s market cover the art, it becomes part of a living experience. On the other days of the week it is a memory of the market."[38] The installation was removed prior to the Big Dig construction, and stored at the Museum of Science.[39] An updated version was reinstalled at Haymarket in 2006.

Scenes in the 1968 movie The Thomas Crown Affair,[40] the 1972 movie Fuzz,[41] and the 1982 movie Hanky Panky[42] were filmed at Haymarket.

Haymarket is a frequent subject for local artists[43][44][45][46] and photographers.[20][47][48]

Modern Day[edit]

Today the Market is in full operation. Licensed Vendors are not allowed to sell anything to the public after 7pm or risk a $1,000 fine issued by the city if caught. On Saturday nights nearing the 7pm market-shut-down deadline, vendors often liquidate any remaining inventory selling whatever they have left for pennies on the dollar. What is not sold is thown out by the pallet full into the onsite trash compactors. Also worthy of note, the Hay Market Garage offers $1.00 parking up to two hours or $3.00 parking for two to three hours with a validated parking ticket. Garage parking tickets can be validated by any licensed haymarket vendor—and consist of a rubber stamp pressed onto the back of the ticket.

Future[edit]

Haymarket pushcart market relocated from Blackstone Street to Parcel 9 in 2018 as Blackstone Street is reconstructed

Haymarket is adjacent to and makes use of part of a Big Dig development site called Parcel 9.[49][50] The Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT) secured a developer for Parcel 9 under a Request for Proposals issued in 2011.[51] The RFP requires the developer of Parcel 9 to work with the Haymarket Pushcart Association on numerous enhancements to the existing market, including creating space for some vendors within the Parcel 9 building; providing waste handling, utility, office, storage, and restroom facilities for the market; and rebuilding the curbs and sidewalks of Blackstone Street and Hanover Street to make the market accessible to customers with limited mobility. The City of Boston Zoning Code includes "design guidelines" for Parcel 9 stating that any building on the parcel must be designed in a way "allowing the Haymarket pushcart/food vendor activities to continue to occur along Blackstone Street."[52]

The Haymarket Pushcart Association initially opposed residential condominium development on Parcel 9,[53] arguing that new condo owners would object to the ongoing operations of the market. Four proposals were received in 2012 response to the RFP,[54] including two apartment developments, a hotel, and a proposal for The Boston Museum.

In 2013,[55] MassDOT accepted a proposal[56][57] from Normandy Real Estate Partners[58] for construction of the Haymarket Square Hotel. In April 2016, a revised plan[59] for the proposed hotel was submitted[60] for review by the Boston Redevelopment Authority.[32] The BRA board approved the proposal in June 2016.[61]

The initial phase of the project began in 2018, with the relocation of most of the Haymarket vendors from Blackstone Street onto Parcel 9, to permit the reconstruction of Blackstone Street.[62] After this phase is completed, the vendors will return to Blackstone Street and construction of the hotel on Parcel 9 will begin.

Image gallery[edit]

The Market Over Time
1921 photo
1921 photo of Blackstone Street, looking south towards the Custom House Tower
1975 photo
1975
2016 photo
2016, with The Bostonian Boston hotel on the site of the Coliseum Restaurant
1975 photo
1975 view of Hanover Street, looking west towards City Hall. The building at left is 7 Marshall Street.
2016 photo
2016 view, with the Boston Public Market at right. The building at left is 7 Marshall Street, which had two floors added in the early 2010s.

Historic photos[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Haymarket Pushcart Association. "Haymarket - Boston". Facebook. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  2. ^ "Haymarket". Haymarket Pushcart Association. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  3. ^ Sales, Bob (23 November 1974). "200-year-old 'pushcart club' finds it's time to organize". Boston Globe. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Lempel, Diana Limbach (1 May 2012). Producing Authenticity: Redevelopment and Boston's Haymarket. Harvard University Graduate School of Design. Retrieved 8 February 2016.
  5. ^ Brosnahan, Tom. "Haymarket Square, Boston MA". New England Travel Planner. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d Project for Public Spaces. "Boston Market District Feasibility Study, January 2009". Boston Redevelopment Authority. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  7. ^ "New England Produce Center". Retrieved 8 February 2016.
  8. ^ MIchel, Fabiola (10 April 2012). "Carrots, characters, and cheeses, oh my!". The Tech Online Edition. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  9. ^ Jahnke, Rebecca. "Despite Differences in Values, Neighboring Markets Thrive". Boston University News Service. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  10. ^ "Haymarket: Boston's Historic Market". Boston Discovery Guide. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
  11. ^ a b Secretary of the Commonwealth. "1952 Chap. 0504. An Act Providing For The Setting Aside Of An Area On Blackstone Street In The City Of Boston For The Use Of Hawkers And Peddlers". General laws passed by the General Court of Massachusetts. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
  12. ^ "Chapter 17-3 HAYMARKET-BLACKSTONE MARKET". City of Boston Municipal Code. American Legal Publishing Corporation. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  13. ^ "Inspectional Services Department". City of Boston. Retrieved 8 February 2016.
  14. ^ "Park". NorthEndBoston.com. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g Goodstein, Justin; Turino, Kenneth C. (2015). Haymarket. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4671-3403-3.
  16. ^ Pearce, Katie. "Fresh idea: Use surplus food from wholesalers to help address Baltimore's 'food deserts'". JHU.edu: The Hub. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  17. ^ Quincy, John, Jr. (2003). Quincy's Market. Boston: Northeastern University Press. ISBN 1-55553-552-6.
  18. ^ "Boston: Markets [Market District]". Boston Public Library. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  19. ^ Irving, Bruce. "There's Only One Haymarket". Design New England (September October 2015): 108–112. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
  20. ^ a b Snyder, Wendy (1970). Haymarket. Cambridge: The MIT Press. ISBN 978-0262690249.
  21. ^ Homer, Winslow. "View in South Market Street, Boston". DigitalCommonwealth.org. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
  22. ^ a b Primack, Phil (10 July 2005). "A Change in the Market". Boston Globe. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  23. ^ Jones, Leslie. "Push cart rush on Clinton Street in the Market District". Digital Commonwealth. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  24. ^ Zade, Joshua Charles (8 June 2009). Public Market Development Strategy (PDF). Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology. p. 31.
  25. ^ Lempel, Diana Limbach. "Scenes from Haymarket". CultivatingPlaces.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
  26. ^ Skole, Robert. "Haymarket Pushcarts: A Whole New Market". NorthEndWaterfront.com. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  27. ^ "Meet the Vendors". Haymarket Boston. BostonEthnicMarkets.com. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
  28. ^ "Market District" (PDF). Faneuil Hall Marketplace Neighborhood Guide (Fall 2015/Winter 2016): 10. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  29. ^ "Steps Off the Trail". The Freedom Trail Foundation. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  30. ^ Report of the Commission on the Cost of Living. 1 May 1910. p. 133. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  31. ^ Bichajian, Nishan. "Market-District, Wholesale-Retail Meat Market". Flickr, MIT Libraries. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  32. ^ a b "Haymarket Square Parcel 9". Boston Redevelopment Authority. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  33. ^ "Haymarket". Yelp. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  34. ^ "Tell me about Haymarket". Chowhound Boston. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  35. ^ "Haymarket". Tripadvisor.com. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
  36. ^ "Haymarket". Boston Cityviews. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  37. ^ "Asaroton 1976". Waymarking.com. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  38. ^ Harries Heder. "Asaroton, 1976: Boston Haymarket Public Art". HarriesHeder.com. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  39. ^ "Asaroton". Art Inventories Catalog. Smithsonian American Art Museum. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  40. ^ "Movies Shot in Boston". TripAdvisor. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
  41. ^ "Fuzz Filming Locations". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
  42. ^ Boston University Libraries. "Movies with Boston Sets and Scenes". Retrieved 17 February 2016.
  43. ^ Plunkett, Conor. "Haymarket Boston". Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  44. ^ Vezina, Maureen. "Haymarket". Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  45. ^ Colozzi, Sue. "Boston Haymarket". Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  46. ^ Sundik, Patricia. "Fresh Catch Haymarket Boston". Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  47. ^ "Haymarket image search". Google.com.
  48. ^ Cillizza, Ron. "Haymarket".
  49. ^ "Beyond the Big Dig: The Parcels". Boston.com. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  50. ^ "Parcel 9 - The Greenway". ArchBoston.org. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  51. ^ MassDOT Central Artery/Tunnel Project. "RFP Parcel 9" (PDF). MassDOT. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  52. ^ Boston Redevelopment Authority. "Zoning Code, Section 49-11". Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  53. ^ McMorrow, Paul (16 May 2012). "Haymarket pushcart vendors need to embrace change". Boston Globe. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  54. ^ Conti, Matt (23 March 2012). "Here We Go Again: Four Developers Bid on Parcel 9 Project, Adjacent to Greenway and Haymarket". North End Waterfront.com. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  55. ^ Grillo, Thomas (9 August 2013). "MassDOT chooses Normandy hotel for Greenway site". Boston Business Journal. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  56. ^ Normandy Real Estate Partners. "Haymarket Square" (PDF). NorthEndWaterfront.com. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  57. ^ Normandy Real Estate Partners. "Proposal for Parcel 9" (PDF). MassDOT. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  58. ^ "Normandy Real Estate Partners". Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  59. ^ "Haymarket Square Parcel 9 PDA Application". Boston Redevelopment Authority. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  60. ^ Conti, Matt (12 April 2016). "Lower Proposed Height at Parcel 9, Haymarket Hotel". NorthEndWaterfront.com. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  61. ^ Conti, Matt (10 June 2016). "Haymarket Hotel (Parcel 9) Approved by Boston Redevelopment Authority". North End Waterfront.com. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
  62. ^ AdamG. "Work could begin this spring on Haymarket hotel that will include improvements for the pushcart area". Universal Hub. Retrieved 9 August 2018.

External links[edit]