Haynes Automobile Company
|Genre||sedan, coupe and roadster|
|Founder||Edgar Apperson, Elmer Apperson and Elwood Haynes|
The Haynes Automobile Company was a United States automobile manufacturing company that produced automobiles in Kokomo, Indiana, from 1905 to 1924. The company was formerly known as the Haynes-Apperson company, and produced automobiles under that name from 1896 to 1905. Co-founder Elwood Haynes changed the name of the company after fellow co-founders Elmer and Edgar Apperson left to form the Apperson Brothers Automobile Company in 1901. The company was declared bankrupt in 1924 and went out of business in 1925.
Beginning in 1914, Haynes offered a "Light Six" at $1485. Their ads boasted that it was, "The result of 22 years successful experience in building motor cars." Haynes also proclaimed it "Americas greatest light six", that it "will travel 22 to 25 miles on one gallon of gas" and "has more than 1 horsepower to every 55 pounds of weight."
For 1916, Haynes introduced the "Light Twelve", and refined "Light Six" new series, Models 36 and 37.
In 1923, just before going out of business, Haynes introduced the 57, with a 121-inch (3073 mm) wheelbase, in five-seat four-door sedan, three-seat coupelet, and two-seat roadster, advertised as complete with front and rear bumpers, six disc (as opposed to wire) wheels, wind wings, sun visors, "artistically fashioned individual steps" (for the running boards), and "individual fenders".
The Haynes Pioneer Magazine
"The Haynes Pioneer" was the official factory magazine of the Haynes Automobile Company. It was named after Elwood Haynes's first car, the 1894 Haynes "Pioneer". The magazine featured articles like "Ocean to Ocean in One Day" and "The 1897 Haynes "Horseless Carriage" Again Becomes Property of the Haynes Company" (1916).
Haynes in Pop-Culture
Film star Cleo Madison drove a Haynes "Light Six," as did composer and Oz producer Louis F. Gottschalk. In the 1915 stag film "A Free Ride" (The worlds oldest known surviving hard core pornographic film), a right-hand-drive 1912 Haynes 50-60 Model Y Touring Car was used to give "The Jazz Girls" a "free" ride.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Haynes vehicles.|
- Haynes ad from August 29, 1914 issue of The Literary Digest
- Haynes ad from Colliers for January 8<1916
- Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.199.
- Clymer, p.199.
- Nov 1916 Haynes Pioneer Factory Magazine
- "Popular Model for One of the Film Favorites". The Los Angeles Times. 20 December 1914.
- "Motor Stars Among Films". The Los Angeles Times. 11 October 1914.
- A Free Ride (film)
- Haynes Automobile ads
- Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925. New York: Bonanza Books, 1950.
- National Museum of American History: America on the Move