Hayranidil Kadın

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Hayranidil Kadın
Born2 November 1846
Kars, Caucasus
Died26 November 1895(1895-11-26) (aged 49)
Feriye Palace, Ortaköy, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
(present day Istanbul, Turkey)
Burial
Spouse
(
m. 1861; died 1876)
IssueNazime Sultan
Abdulmejid II
Full name
Turkish: Hayranidil Kadın
Ottoman Turkish: خیران دل قادین
HouseOttoman (by marriage)
ReligionSunni Islam

Hayranidil Kadın (Ottoman Turkish: خیران دل قادین‎; 2 November 1846 – 26 November 1895), meaning 'The excellent heart',[1] was the second wife of Sultan Abdulaziz of the Ottoman Empire, and the mother of last caliph of the Muslim world Abdulmejid II.

Early life[edit]

Of Circassian origin, Hayranıdil Kadın was born on 2 November 1846 in Kars, Caucasus.[2]

Marriage[edit]

Hayranıdil married Abdulaziz in 1861 in the Dolmabahçe Palace, just before his accession to the throne. After his accession, she was given the title of "Second Consort".[3] Five years after the marriage, on 25 February 1866, she gave birth to her first child, a daughter, Nazime Sultan,[4] and two years later on 29 May 1868, she gave birth to her second child, a son, Şehzade Abdulmejid (future Caliph Abdulmejid II).[5]

Hayranıdil was celebrated as the most beautiful woman of the imperial household.[6]

Abdulaziz was deposed by his ministers on 30 May 1876, his nephew Murad V became the Sultan.[7] He was transferred to Feriye Palace the next day.[8] Hayranıdil, and other women of Abdulaziz's entourage didn't want to leave the Dolmabahçe Palace. So they were grabbed by hand and were sent out to the Feriye Palace. In the process, they were searched from head to toe and everything of value was taken from them.[9] On 4 June 1876,[10] Abdulaziz died under mysterious circumstances.[11]

Death[edit]

Hayranıdil Kadın died on 26 November 1895[12] in the Feriye Palace, Ortaköy,[13] and was buried in the mausoleum of Sultan Mahmud II, located at Divan Yolu street, Istanbul.[14]

Issue[edit]

Hayranidil and Abdülaziz had two children:

  • Nazime Sultan (Istanbul, Dolmabahçe Palace, 25 February 1866 – 1947, Beirut, Lebanon, and buried in Sultan Selim Mosque, Damascus, Syria), married without issue;
  • Caliph Abdulmejid II (Beşiktaş, Istanbul, 29 May 1868 – Nice, France, 23 August 1944, buried in Al-Baqi', Medina, Saudi Arabia), married four times and had two children;

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A Gyre Thro' the Orient. Republican Book and Job Printing Office. 1869. p. 62.
  2. ^ Açba 2007, p. 88.
  3. ^ Uluçay 2011, p. 232.
  4. ^ Uluçay 2011, p. 235.
  5. ^ Elsie, Robert (2013). A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History. A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-780-76431-3.
  6. ^ Gülersoy, Çelik (1990). Dolmabahçe Palace and its environs. İstanbul Kitaplığı. p. 131.
  7. ^ Zürcher, Erik J. (October 15, 2004). Turkey: A Modern History, Revised Edition. I.B.Tauris. pp. 73. ISBN 978-1-850-43399-6.
  8. ^ Shaw, Stanford J.; Shaw, Ezel Kural (1976). History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey: Volume 2, Reform, Revolution, and Republic: The Rise of Modern Turkey 1808-1975, Volume 11. Cambridge University Press. pp. 164. ISBN 978-0-521-29166-8.
  9. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 40.
  10. ^ Davison, Roderic H. (December 8, 2015). Reform in the Ottoman Empire, 1856-1876. Princeton University Press. p. 341. ISBN 978-1-400-87876-5.
  11. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 43.
  12. ^ Uluçay 2011, p. 233.
  13. ^ Açba 2007, p. 89.
  14. ^ Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 641.

Sources[edit]

  • Uluçay, M. Çağatay (2011). Padişahların kadınları ve kızları. Ötüken. ISBN 978-9-754-37840-5.
  • Açba, Harun (2007). Kadın efendiler: 1839-1924. Profil. ISBN 978-9-759-96109-1.
  • Sakaoğlu, Necdet (2008). Bu Mülkün Kadın Sultanları: Vâlide Sultanlar, Hâtunlar, Hasekiler, Kandınefendiler, Sultanefendiler. Oğlak Yayıncılık. ISBN 978-6-051-71079-2.
  • The Concubine, the Princess, and the Teacher: Voices from the Ottoman Harem. University of Texas Press. 2010. ISBN 978-0-292-78335-5.

External links[edit]