Hayrullah Fişek

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Hayrullah Fişek
Hayrullah Fisek 1932.jpg
Mirliva Hayrullah Pasha (11 November 1932)
Turkish Army
Undersecretary for the Ministry of National Defence
Personal details
Born 3 June 1885
Kalkandelen, Ottoman Empire
(currently Tetovo, Macedonia)
Died 13 July 1975 (aged 90)
Ankara, Turkey
Nationality Ottoman, Turkish
Awards Turkish Medal of Independence
Medjidie
Military service
Allegiance Ottoman Empire, Turkey
Rank Mirliva
Battles/wars First Balkan War
Second Balkan War
World War I
Caucasus Campaign
Battle of Sakarya

General Hayrullah Fişek (1885–1975) was a career officer in the Turkish army (Captain, Ottoman War Academy, 1904 - rtd. 1945, Major-General (Mirliva)[1] Undersecretary for the Ministry of National Defence).

Life[edit]

Hayrullah Fişek, born in Kalkandelen (now Tetovo), was a senior officer in the Turkish army. Hayrullah was given the name Fişek, meaning cartridge in Turkish. Hayrullah Fişek was a direct descendant of Süleyman Aga "Fişekçi" (born around 1775 in Kalkandelen), the founder of the Fişek family.

His parents were Hafiz Süleyman Efendi (1849 Kalkandelen – 1894 Balıkesir), a Land Registry Officer and Fatma Hanko (1847 Kalkandelen –1930 Istanbul), Sheikh Mustafa Ruhi Efendi's daughter.[2] He is of Albanian and Turkish descent.

Military career[edit]

He entered Military Academy in 1901. He completed the Military Academy as the seventh of the class in 1904 (1320-P.7) and joined the Ottoman military as an Infantry Second Lieutenant (Mülazım-ı Sani). In 1906, he entered the Staff College and he graduated as a Distinguished Captain (Mümtaz Yüzbaşı).[3]

During the Turkish Independence War, he participated in the Battle of Sakarya as the chief of staff of the Provisional Corps (Mürettep Kolordu)[4] and he served as the chief of staff of XIV Corps, Kocaeli Group, III Corps with the rank of staff lieutenant colonel.[5] He also participated in battle at Balıkesir, Soma and Bandırma. He retired in 1946.[6]

Family[edit]

He had one sister named Hatice (1873–1902) and 3 brothers : Abdülhâmit Bey (1866–1917), a Finance officer, Nuri Bey (1878–1945), and Zekeriya Bey (1880–1932), both officers of the Turkish Army.

Hayrullah married his wife Mukaddes Fişek (1891–1958) and had two sons: Prof. Dr. Nusret Fişek M.D. (1914–1990), Undersecretary, Ministry of Health and Prof. Dr. Hicri Fişek (1918–2002), Professor of International Law.

Photos[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mahmut Goloğlu, Cumhuriyete doğru, 1921-1922, Başnur Matbaası, p. 307. (Turkish)
  2. ^ Nathalie Clayer. Aux origines du nationalisme albanais: la naissance d'une nation (in French). Retrieved 21 February 2011. 
  3. ^ Harp Akademileri Komutanlığı, Harp Akademilerinin 120 Yılı, İstanbul, 1968, p. 37. (Turkish)
  4. ^ Sabahattin Özel, Kocaeli ve Sakarya İllerinde Millî Mücadele (1919-1922), Adapazarı Belediyesi, 1987, p. 165. (Turkish)
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 26, 2007. Retrieved October 10, 2009. , Afyon Kocatepe University
  6. ^ Nusret Baycan, "Türk İstiklâl Harbinde Terfi veya Takdirname ile Taltif Edilen Subaylar", (Gnkur. ATASE Başkanlığı Arşivi, Dosya No. 2, 1320-P.3 : 1325-P.1587) p. 25.
  7. ^ Fisek Family Web Site

External links[edit]