Haywards

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For the place formerly with the identical name in California, see Hayward, California, without the "s".
Haywards
Haywards is located in New Zealand
Haywards
Haywards
Haywards is located in New Zealand Wellington
Haywards
Haywards
Coordinates: 41°08′57″S 174°58′43″E / 41.1493°S 174.9787°E / -41.1493; 174.9787Coordinates: 41°08′57″S 174°58′43″E / 41.1493°S 174.9787°E / -41.1493; 174.9787
CountryNew Zealand
Local authorityLower Hutt City
Electoral wardWestern
Population
 (2006[1])
 • Total384
NorthJudgeford
NortheastHeretaunga
EastSilverstream
SouthManor Park
SouthwestKelson
Haywards electrical substation

Haywards is a small hillside suburb in the Hutt Valley near Wellington, New Zealand. It is notable for its large electrical substation, which is the main switching point for the Wellington region, and the home of the North Island converter station for the HVDC Inter-Island, which links the North and South Island electricity networks together.

History[edit]

Haywards railway station was opened on 15 December 1875, along with Belmont railway station. It was closed in 1954 and replaced by Manor Park railway station.[2]

Haywards was listed in the 1881 New Zealand census as being part of both Mungaroa Riding and Epuni Riding, with a combined population of 58.[3]

Transport[edit]

State Highway 58 is the primary route from the Hutt Valley to Pauatahanui and Porirua. It leaves State Highway 2 at Haywards. This highway was first built during the 1870s.[4] From the 1940s to the 1970s there were proposals for a railway line, the Haywards–Plimmerton Line, via this route.

In June 2010, the results of a road assessment programme indicated that the Haywards Hill road was amongst the worst in the Wellington region, scoring only 2 out a possible 5.[5] The NZ Transport Agency has proposed a project for the creation of an elevated interchange at the intersection of SH2 and SH58 at Haywards, including a new carpark and the replacement of an existing underpass with a footbridge across SH2 to Manor Park.[6]

Electrical substation and HVDC converter plant[edit]

The Haywards electrical substation is one of national grid operator Transpower's largest substations and is a key part of New Zealand's national electricity network. The North Island converter station for the HVDC Inter-Island is co-sited with the main HVAC substation, and converts the ±350 kV direct current electricity transmitted from the South Island converter station at Benmore to 220 kV alternating current for the North Island, and vice versa.

220 kV to 110 kV interconnecting transformers at Haywards supply the regional 110 kV network that serves much of the Wellington Region. Supply transformers at Haywards step down voltage to 33 kV and 11 kV and provide a connection to the Wellington Electricity subtransmission and distribution network serving the central-north Hutt Valley, from Trentham in the north to Taita in the south. 220 kV lines connect Haywards to the Wilton substation to supply central Wellington City, and north to Bunnythorpe near Palmerston North to connect with the rest of the North Island grid.[7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hutt City Council - 2006 Hutt City Demographic Profile Archived 2008-12-27 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved: 7 January 2009
  2. ^ Hoy, D.G. Rails out of the Capital pp. 15, 94 (Note A) (NZRLS, 1970)
  3. ^ "Census of New Zealand 1881". Statistics New Zealand. March 2012. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  4. ^ W. B. Healy, "Pauatahanui Inlet - an environmental study", New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, 1980. ISSN 0077-9636
  5. ^ "Haywards Hill Road region's worst". Stuff.co.nz. 30 June 2010. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  6. ^ "SH2/58 Haywards Interchange". NZTA. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  7. ^ "Annual Planning Report 2012 – Chapter 6 – Grid Backbone" (PDF). Transpower. March 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  8. ^ "Annual Planning Report 2012 – Chapter 14 – Wellington Region" (PDF). Transpower. March 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2012.