Haywood v. Drown

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Haywood v. Drown
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Argued December 3, 2008
Decided May 26, 2009
Full case name Keith Haywood, Petitioner v. Curtis Drown, et al.
Citations 556 U.S. 729 (more)
556 U.S. 729 (2009)
Prior history dismissal affirmed 9 N.Y.3d 481, 881 N.E.2d 180 (2008), reversed and remanded U.S.
Holding
A state law barring state courts from hearing damages actions against corrections officers violates the Supremacy Clause by not permitting adjudication of claims under 42 USC 1983.
Court membership
Chief Justice
John Roberts
Associate Justices
John P. Stevens · Antonin Scalia
Anthony Kennedy · David Souter
Clarence Thomas · Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Stephen Breyer · Samuel Alito
Case opinions
Majority Stevens, joined by Kennedy, Souter, Ginsburg, Breyer
Dissent Thomas, joined by Roberts, Scalia, Alito, joined as to Part III
Laws applied
U.S. Const. art. VI (Supremacy Clause)

Haywood v. Drown, 556 U.S. 729 (2009), Docket No. 07-10374, was a case decided by the Supreme Court of the United States. The Court held that a New York law preventing state trial courts from hearing claims for money damages against prison employees whether based on federal or state law violated the Supremacy Clause of the United States Constitution.

Background[edit]

The defendant in this trial, Keith Haywood, was an inmate at the Attica Correctional Facility, in Attica, New York In 2003 and 2004, Haywood was charged with multiple counts of misbehavior, including assaulting an officer, soliciting mail, and failing a drug test. After a guilty verdict, Haywood filed suit in a New York state court against two employees of the Attica Correctional facility to review the claims under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The defendants moved to dismiss Haywood's claims based on a New York statute that banned inmates from filing suit against the "official capacities" of correctional officers of the state.[1]

Decision of the Supreme Court[edit]

Writing for the majority in favor of Haywood, Justice Stevens wrote the opinion of the Supreme Court. The court noted that the New York statute was passed to protect correctional facilities employees against "frivolous" damages suits filed by inmates. The Court found, however, that states "may not relieve whole categories of federal claims from their courts merely to avoid congestion."[1][2]

Dissenting opinions[edit]

In dissent, Justice Clarence Thomas note that "neither the Constitution nor Supreme Court precedent require that states open their courts to Section 1983 claims."[1]

Arguments[edit]

The case was argued by Jason E. Murtagh, an attorney with Dechert, for the Petitioner, and by Barbara D. Underwood for Respondent.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Haywood v. Drown - 07-10374 (2009)". Oyez: Chicago Kent College of Law. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Haywood v. Drown - 07-10374 (2009)". JustiaL US Supreme Court Center. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]