Hazarganji-Chiltan National Park

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Hazarganji-Chiltan National Park
ہزارگنجی-چلٹن نیشنل پارک
IUCN category II (national park)
Map showing the location of Hazarganji-Chiltan National Park
Map showing the location of Hazarganji-Chiltan National Park
Location of Hazarganji-Chiltan National Park
LocationBalochistan
Nearest cityQuetta
Coordinates30°13′12″N 66°43′48″E / 30.22000°N 66.73000°E / 30.22000; 66.73000Coordinates: 30°13′12″N 66°43′48″E / 30.22000°N 66.73000°E / 30.22000; 66.73000
Area15,555 ha (60.06 sq mi)
Established1980
Governing bodyBalochistan Wildlife Department

Hazarganji Chiltan National Park is a national park in the Mastung District of western Balochistan Province of Pakistan. It lies between Chiltan on its west and Hazarganji on the east. The park was established in 1980 to provide the habitat to rare Chiltan ibexes found in the area.[1]

It was established in 1980 and covers 325,000 acre of land located close to the Koh-i-Chiltan mountain in Quetta's outskirt.[2]

The park is located in the Sulaiman Mountains, with desert and forest habitats, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) southwest of the city of Quetta.

Etymology[edit]

The name comes from the travelling route between the mountains called "Hazarganji", which means (of a thousand treasures) in native language as it was a historical passage for the Greco-Bactrian, the Mongols, the Scythians and migrating hordes of Baloch tribes.[3]

Biodiversity[edit]

The biodiversity of this park comprises 30 species of mammals (9 species of large mammals and 21 species of small mammals), 120 species of avifauna (36 resident and 84 migratory) and 30 species of reptiles.[1]

Flora[edit]

The trees in the forests include Pashtun Juniper (Juniperus macropoda), pistachio, almond, and ash trees.

Fauna[edit]

The fauna comprises about 300-400 rare Sulaiman Markhor and around 800 Chiltan ibex survive within the park boundaries.[2] Few urials still survives in the western slopes between 1,500m to 2,100m. Other fauna includes Indian wolf, striped hyena, Baluchistan leopard, caracal, common jackal and Indian crested porcupine. Birds includes the very rare Houbara bustard, griffon vulture, Egyptian vulture, crested honey buzzard (winters only), laggar falcon, peregrine falcon, common kestrel, Eurasian sparrowhawk (winters only), Indian scops owl, Indian cuckoo, European bee-eater (breeding only), chukar partridge, European nightjar (breeding/summer only), long-billed pipit, Eastern Orphean warbler, variable wheatear, blue rock thrush, whinchat, white-browed bush chat and Lichtenstein's desert finch and reptiles are also found here likes of monitor lizards, Russell's viper, saw-scaled vipers and spiny-tailed lizards.[3]

Species[edit]

Mammals[edit]

Total 30 species of mammals include:[3]

Name of animal Scientific name Distribution
Afghan hedgehog Hemiechinus auritus megalotis Chiltan, Hazarganji, Kharkhasa
Brandt's hedgehog Paraechinus hypomelas Hazarganji, Kharkhasa
Balochistan short-tailed shrew Crocidura gmelini Chiltan, Hazarganji, Kharkhasa
Zarudny's rock shrew Crocidura zarudnyi Hazarganji, Kharkhasa
Greater horseshoe bat Rhinolophus ferrumequinum Hazarganji
Indian wolf Canis lupus pallipes Chiltan, Hazarganji
Asiatic jackal Canis aureus Chiltan, Hazarganji, Kharkhasa
Red fox Vulpes vulpes Bibi Nala, Chiltan, Duzchur, Hazarganji, Hinjeeri Nala, Ziarat Nala
Caracal Caracal caracal Chiltan, Hazarganji, Kharkhasa
Jungle cat Felis chaus Chiltan, Hazarganji, Hazarganji Reserve forest, Kharkhasa
Beech marten Martes foina Chiltan, Hazarganji, Hazarganji Reserve forest, Kharkhasa
Marbled polecat Vormela peregusna Hazarganji, Kharkhasa
Striped hyena Hyaena hyaena Chiltan, Hazarganji, Kharkhasa
Chiltan ibex Capra aegagrus chialtanensis All over the park
Cape hare Lepus capensis Bibi Nala, Hazarganji, Ziarat Nala
Afghan pika Ochotona rufescens Hazarganji Reserve forest
Grey dwarf hamster Cricetulus migratorius Chiltan, Hazarganji
Baluchi mouse-like hamster Calomyscus baluchi Chiltan, Hazarganji, Kharkhasa
Small five-toed jerboa Allactaga elater Chiltan Hills, Hazarganji
Forest dormouse Dryomys nitedula Chiltan Reserve forest, Hazarganji, Kharkhasa
Indian crested porcupine Hystrix indica Chiltan, Hazarganji (1,800–2,500m)
Sundevall's jird Meriones crassus Chiltan, Hazarganji
Persian jird Meriones persicus Chiltan, Hazarganji
Libyan jird Meriones libycus Chiltan, Hazarganji
Southern mole vole Ellobius fuscocapillus Chiltan, Hazargani (1,900–2,400m)
Brown spiny mouse Mus saxicola Chiltan, Hazarganji
Black rat Rattus rattus Museum and rest-house
Sand-colored soft-furred rat Millardia gleadowi Hazarganji
House mouse Mus musculus Chiltan, Hazarganji
Indian bandicoot rat Nesokia indica Bibi Nala, Hazarganji, Hinjeeri Nala, Ziarat Nala

Avifauna[edit]

Name of animal Scientific name Distribution Type
Shikra Accipiter badius Near rest-house WV/SBV
Eurasian sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus Chiltan, Hazarganji SBV
Black kite Milvus migrans Chiltan, Hazarganji SBV
Golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos Samthar R/WV
Tawny eagle Aquila rapax Chiltan, Hazarganji R
Bonelli's eagle Hieraaetus fasciatus Hazarganji, Kharkhasa R
Short-toed snake eagle Circaetus gallicus Chiltan, Hazarganji, Kharkhasa R
Bearded vulture Gypaetus barbatus Chiltan, Hazarganji WV/R
Griffon vulture Gyps fulvus Chiltan R
Egyptian vulture Neophron percnopterus Chiltan SBV
Cinereous vulture Aegypius monachus Chiltan SBV/WV
Long-legged buzzard Buteo rufinus Chiltan, Hazarganji, Kharkhasa WV
Hen harrier Circus cyaneus Chiltan Forest R/WV
Common kestrel Falco tinnunculus Chiltan, Hazarganji R/WV
Eurasian hobby Falco subbuteo Chiltan, Kharkhasa WV
Saker falcon Falco cherrug Bibi Nala, Kharkhasa WV
Peregrine falcon Falco peregrinus Chiltan, Hazarganji SBV/WV
Merlin Falco columbarius Chiltan, Hazarganji SBV/WV
See-see partridge Ammoperdix griseogularis Bibi Nala R
Chukar partridge Alectoris chukar Kangri Nala R
Houbara bustard Chlamydotis undulata Hazarganji, Ziarat Nala WV/PM
White-tailed lapwing Chettusia leucura Chiltan, Hazarganji PM/SBV
Spotted sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus Hazarganji PM/WV
Rock dove Columba livia Bibi Nala, Hinjeeri Nala, Nulli Nala R
Common wood pigeon Columba palumbus Bibi Nala, Hinjeeri Nala, Nulli Nala R
European turtle dove Streptopelia turtur Hazarganji Nala WV
Eurasian collared dove Streptopelia decaocto Hazarganji Nala R/SBV
Laughing dove Spilopelia senegalensis Rest-house R/SBV
Rose-ringed parakeet Psittacula krameri Chiltan, Hazarganji SBV
Common cuckoo Cuculus canorus Hazarganji, Kharkhasa SB
Spotted owlet Athene brama Bibi Nala, Chiltan R
Eurasian eagle-owl Bubo bubo Kharkhasa R
Eurasian scops owl Otus scops Hazarganji, Ziarat Nala SBV
Pallid scops owl Otus brucei Chiltan, Hazarganji, Kharkhasa SBV
European nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus Kharkhasa SBV/WV
Common swift Apus apus Chiltan, Hazarganji SBV
Little swift Apus affinis Hazarganji SBV
Alpine swift Apus melba Chiltan Forest, Kharkhasa SBV
European bee-eater Merops apiaster Near rest-house SBV
Green bee-eater Merops orientalis Hazarganji SBV
Eurasian hoopoe Upupa epops Stream bed of Chiltan SBV
Scaly-bellied woodpecker Picus squamatus Chiltan, Hazarganji R
Hume's short-toed lark Calandrella acutirostris Chiltan SBV
Greater short-toed lark Calandrella brachydactyla Chiltan Forest WV
Oriental skylark Alauda gulgula Hazarganji R
Eurasian skylark Alauda arvensis Chiltan Reserve forest, Hazarganji WV

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Studies on Bioecology and Fauna of Hazarganji Chiltan National Park and Development of Ecotourism in Protected Areas" (PDF). Research Gate. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  2. ^ a b Shah, Syed Ali (4 April 2017). "Quetta authorities thwart attempt to occupy Hazarganji national park". Dawn. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Hazarganji Chiltan National Park". Wildlife of Pakistan. Wildlife of Pakistan. Retrieved September 24, 2018.

External links[edit]