|Nearest city||Shenandoah Junction, West Virginia|
|NRHP reference #||76001938|
|Added to NRHP||December 12, 1976|
The Federal style stone house is covered with brown stucco, with wood weatherboard gables. The main block is 2-1/2 stories, with a prominent attic lit by a large lunette. A less formal 1-1/2 story side wing is attached to the north side of the main block. The pedimented entrance porch is centered on the east facade. The interior is arranged with a transverse hall plan, the hall extending across the width of the front elevation on both main levels, with two rooms to the rear. The U-shaped stairway is at the southeast corner of the hall. Hazelfield is one of the earliest examples of this plan, which was often employed in later houses that were built by the Washington family elsewhere in Jefferson County.
The house rests on a stone basement. The roof is painted metal. The ground floor includes a parlor and dining room in the main section, with a kitchen and pantry in the wing, all but the pantry with fireplaces.
The 600-acre (240 ha) Hazelfield estate was given to Ann Stephen by her father, Adam Stephen, on her 1780 marriage to Alexander Spotswood Dandridge, grandson of Virginia colonial lieutenant governor Alexander Spotswood and brother-in-law of Patrick Henry. After Dandridge's death, Ann married Colonel Moses Hunter in 1787. They had three children. After the death of her son David during the War of 1812, Ann moved from Martinsburg to the Hazelfield property and built the Hazelfield house in 1815. On Ann's death in 1834, the property passed to her grandson, David Hunter Tucker, and was used by his brother Nathaniel Beverly Tucker and his wife in the 1840s.
The house was abandoned in the early 1970s when it was purchased by historian William Howard Adams and his wife Janet, and repaired for summer use. Adams believes the house was adapted from the William Adam-designed plan of Milton House in Edinburgh, Scotland
- National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Phillip R. Pitts and James E. Harding (March 2, 1976). "National Register of Historic Places Nomination: "Hazelfield"" (pdf). National Park Service.
- Chambers, S. Allen, Jr. Buildings of West Virginia. Oxford University Press. p. 556. ISBN 0-19-516548-9.
- Vogel, Carol (August 21, 1983). "A Pristine Survivor from 1815". New York Times. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. WV-41, "Hazelfield, Warm Springs Road vicinity, Shenandoah Junction vicinity, Jefferson County, WV", 3 measured drawings
- Account of a visit to William Howard Adams at Hazelfield in the New York Times, 2004