Hazira

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Hazira
Hazira Town
Hazira Industries
Hazira Industries
Hazira is located in Gujarat
Hazira
Hazira
Location in Gujarat, India
Hazira is located in India
Hazira
Hazira
Hazira (India)
Coordinates: 21°09′40″N 72°39′50″E / 21.161°N 72.664°E / 21.161; 72.664Coordinates: 21°09′40″N 72°39′50″E / 21.161°N 72.664°E / 21.161; 72.664
Country India
StateGujarat
DistrictSurat
Government
 • BodySurat Municipal Corporation
Area
 • Total168 km2 (65 sq mi)
Elevation
4 m (13 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total5,562
 • Density33/km2 (86/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
394270
Phone code0261
Vehicle registrationGJ-05
CitySurat
Civic agencySurat Municipal Corporation

Hazira is a suburb and a transshipment port in the Surat City in the Gujarat state of India. It is the west most end of Surat.

Hazira is one of the major ports of India and the most important element of Surat Metropolitan Region. The town is known as the industrial hub of India and is located on the bank of the Tapti River, eight kilometers away from the Arabian Sea. It is a centre for health tourism due to its natural springs, and a base for major industrial and shipping facilities like Essar, Kribhco, Shell, Larsen & Toubro, NTPC, ONGC, GAIL, GSEG power plant, Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation, UltraTech Cement and Hazira Manufacturing Division(HMD) of Reliance Industries.

Etymology[edit]

The original name of the village was Dhau. The village had a grave of British Officer named Wock. The grave in Gujarati is called as "Hajiro" (હજીરો). The name became popular and village became famous as Hajira.[1]

Transport[edit]

Hazira is 22 km from Surat and takes 30–35 minutes from Surat to Hazira.[clarification needed] One can avail Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation's bus service from Adajan GSRTC Depot to reach Hazira.

Port[edit]

Hazira Port is a deep-water liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal and multi-cargo port. The LNG terminal is operational and it is India's largest, with a storage and export capacity of 2.5 million tonnes. It is a joint venture between Shell Oil and Total S.A.[2] Storage and export capacity is intended to be increased to 3.8 million tonnes by the end of 2009.[2]

A container terminal capable of handling one million TEU is currently under construction by Singapore company PSA Corporation.[2]

L&T shipyard started production of small ships and naval crafts in 2010.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Patel, Vallabhbahi Lallubhai (31 March 1925). ગુજરાત પ્રાંત (Gujarat Prant). Ahmedabad: The Gujarat Oriental Book Depot. p. 50.
  2. ^ a b c Nadkarni, Shirish (11 December 2008). "Developers sought for Hazira port". Lloyd's List Daily Commercial News. Informa Australia. p. 20.