Hazira

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Hazira
Hazira Village
Hazira Industries
Hazira Industries
Hazira is located in Gujarat
Hazira
Hazira
Location in Surat, Gujarat, India
Hazira is located in India
Hazira
Hazira
Hazira (India)
Coordinates: 21°08′04″N 72°38′52″E / 21.13451°N 72.64772°E / 21.13451; 72.64772Coordinates: 21°08′04″N 72°38′52″E / 21.13451°N 72.64772°E / 21.13451; 72.64772
Country India
StateGujarat
DistrictSurat
Government
 • BodyHazira Gram Panchayat
Area
 • Total168 km2 (65 sq mi)
Elevation
2 m (7 ft)
Population
 (2009)
 • Total67,829
 • Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
394270
Phone code0261
Vehicle registrationGJ-5
SuratSurat
Civic agencyHazira Gram Panchayat

Hazira is a suburb and a transshipment port in the Surat district in the Gujarat state of India. It is the west most end of Surat.

Hazira is one of the major ports of India and the most important element of Surat Metropolitan Region. The town is known as the industrial hub of India and is located on the bank of the Tapti River, eight kilometers away from the Arabian Sea. It is a centre for health tourism due to its natural springs, and a base for major industrial and shipping facilities like Essar, Kribhco, Shell, Larsen & Toubro, NTPC, ONGC, GAIL, Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation, UltraTech Cement and Reliance Industries.

Etymology[edit]

The original name of the village was Dhau. The village had a grave of British Officer named Wock. The grave in Gujarati is called as "Hajiro" (હજીરો). The name became popular and village became famous as Hajira.[1]

Transport[edit]

Hazira is 25 km from Surat and takes 60-75 minutes from Surat to Hazira.[clarification needed] You get ST Bus from Adajan GSRTC Depot for Hazira. You also get VAN from Adajan patia for Hazira.

Port[edit]

Hazira Port is a deep-water liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal and multi-cargo port. The LNG terminal is operational and it is India's largest, with a storage and export capacity of 2.5 million tonnes. It is a joint venture between Shell Oil and Total S.A.[2] Storage and export capacity is intended to be increased to 3.8 million tonnes by the end of 2009.[2]

A container terminal capable of handling one million TEU is currently under construction by Singapore company PSA Corporation.[2]

L&T shipyard started production of small ships and naval crafts in 2010.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

List of tourist attractions in Surat

References[edit]

  1. ^ Patel, Vallabhbahi Lallubhai (31 March 1925). ગુજરાત પ્રાંત (Gujarat Prant) (PDF). Ahmedabad: The Gujarat Oriental Book Depot. p. 50.
  2. ^ a b c Nadkarni, Shirish (11 December 2008). "Developers sought for Hazira port". Lloyd's List Daily Commercial News. Informa Australia. p. 20.