|Founded by||Hashomer Hatzair members from Germany|
HaZore'a (Hebrew: הַזּוֹרֵעַ, lit. The Sower) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located in the west of the Jezreel Valley, it falls under the jurisdiction of Megiddo Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 842.
HaZore'a is located on the western rim of the valley, surrounded by HaZore'a Forest to the south and west of the kibbutz, Yokneam Moshava to the north, the city of Yokneam to the northwest and the fields and fishponds of the Jezreel Valley to the east. Some of the kibbutz is built upon the hillsides of two neighboring hills, whereas the rest of it extends upon the plain that stretches beneath them. Between those hills and throughout the kibbutz runs Ein Hashofet, a seasonal creek.
The kibbutz is the only one in Israel established by the Werkleute movement from Germany. The Werkleute movement was a Jewish socialist movement that first sought to find alternatives for Jews in Germany, but in 1933, after Adolf Hitler's rise in Germany the movement adopted a Labour Zionist vision of joining to the Yishuv in Mandatory Palestine and establishing a kibbutz.
In early 1934 the first group of pioneers arrived to Palestine. The sixty members splited into two groups who received agricultural training in Mishmar HaEmek of the Kibbutz Artzi movement, and Givat Haim of the Kibbutz Meuhad movement, to learn the difference between the two movements. In 15 April 1934 the group reunited and concentrated in a Kibbutzim site in Hadera, where they chose the name HaZore'a. In Hadera the members established a tents and shacks camp, and they earned a living in Hadera's orchards, construction and laundry. The location chosen for the kibbutz was next to the moshava Yokneam on the foot of the Menashe Hills and Mount Carmel and a fund was raised in Germany to purchase the land. The money was given to Arab landlords who owned the land. On 3 December 1935 the community, which had 30 members, settled in a khan located in Qira, next to the land purchased for the kibbutz. Because of the slow evactuation of the Arab tenants, the community first received a narrow plot of 15 dunams. On 15 April 1936 the construction of tents and a carpentry shop was completed and all of the members moved to the territory and began fencing their territory.
In the 1950s, the carpentry shop established in 1936 was expanded and HaZore'a Furniture Industries became a household name in Israel. Towards the end of the century, when profit margins declined, the factory was closed and the machinery was sold to a company in Amman, Jordan which continues to sell furniture under the Hazore'a brand name.
HaZore'a is undergoing a complex process of change from the model of the traditional kibbutz, where everything is equally shared, to a more modern form of settlement. Essentially, HaZore'a still operates as a socialistic society, providing uniform living conditions to kibbutz members. Nevertheless, several changes of individualistic nature have already taken place, such as privatization of services like the dining room and the electricity utility. Another example is official recognition of certain "residency" statuses, which allow some populations to reside in the kibbutz without being part of the economic collective.
HaZore'a is headed by the Secretariat with two officials in charge of social issues. The Community Council of 15 kibbutz members meets once a week to discuss matters needing further attention. The final decisive authority of the kibbutz is the ballot, for which all members are eligible to vote.
Education and culture
HaZore'a maintains a communal dining hall and an auditorium for cultural and communal activities, such as celebrating Jewish holidays. The kibbutz issues a weekly paper titled "Ba'sha'ar" (English: "At the gate"), which serves as a medium for a variety of material concerning everyday life in the kibbutz.
HaZore'a is home to Plagim Elementary School (established 1991), where children from the kibbutz and five other settlements study 1st to 6th grade. The school belongs to Megiddo Regional Council, and is part of the Israeli state education system.
Another option, open to both Jews and non-Jews, is the volunteering program, offering a less obligating frame for young people to experience kibbutz life. There is also Garin Tzabar and lone soldier programs that reside on the kibbutz.
HaZore'a is home to the Wilfrid Israel Museum, an archaeology and art museum whose kernel is the Asian art collection of Wilfrid Israel. The museum was designed by Alfred Mansfeld. Significant Bronze Age archaeological finds, some displayed at Wilfred, have been made on-site at Hazorea.
- "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- "הזורע - קיבוץ [HaZore'a - Kibbutz]". Israel Labour Movement.
- "(English page on Kibbutz HaZorea website)". www.hazorea.org.il. Retrieved Feb 26, 2015.
- Journal of Palestine Studies. 163. Volume XLI, Number 3, Spring 2012. p.94.
- News highlights, August 2013
- Rapp, David (Dec 7, 2001). "Well-endowed". HaAretz.
- Meyerhof, Ezra (1989). The Bronze Age Necropolis at Kibbutz Hazorea, Israel. ISBN 0860546799.