Muhammad Jaunpuri

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Hazrath Syed Muhammad Jaunpuri)
Jump to: navigation, search
Hazrat Syed Muhammad Mahdi Mau'ood
The Holy Tomb of Imam Mahdi AS at Farah,Afghanistan.jpg
The Holy Tomb of Hazrat Syed Muhammad Mahdi Mau'ood
Born Syed Muhammad Mahdi Mau'ood
(سید محمد جونپورى)

14, Jamadi ul Awal 847 (September 9, 1443)
Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Died 19, Ziquada 910 (April 23, 1505 AD)
Resting place Farah, Afghanistan
Other names
  • 'Shams-e-Vilayat'
  • 'Khalifatullah'
  • 'Imam-al-’Arifin'
  • 'Mubayyan-al-Quran'
  • 'Sultan al Awlia'
  • 'Noor-e-Muhammadi'
  • 'Sarim-al-Hind'
  • 'Saheb-e-farman'
Parent(s)
  • Syed Abdullah alias Syed Khan (father)
  • Syeda Aminah (mother)

Syed Muhammad Mahdi Mau'ood (Urdu: سید محمد جونپورى) (September 9, 1443 - April 23, 1505 AD), (14, Jamadi ul Awal 847 - 23, Ziquada 910) Hijri), claimed to be Imam Mahdi at the holy city of Mecca, right in front of Kaaba (between rukn and maqam) in the Hijri year 901(10th Hijri), and is revered as such by Mahdavia and Zikris. Syed Muhammad Bin Abdullah was born in Jaunpur, traveled throughout India, Arabia and Khorasan, where he died at the town of Farah, Afghanistan at the age of 63.

Ancestry[edit]

Syed Muhammad was a descendant of the Noble Prophet Muhammad, through his grandson Husayn bin Ali. His ancestors had migrated into the Indian sub-continent after moving from Baghdad earlier and then Isfahan. His grandfather Syed Osman came from Bukhara to Jaunpur on invitation from Sultan Ibrahim Sharqi. His father Syed Abdullah alias Syed Khan started his service as a military general and later served as an envoy of Jaunpur in the Court Delhi Sultanate, and his mother Amina was the sister of Qaiyyam Ul Mulk, who were Hasanid Sayyid.

Ṭarīqah lineage of Syed Muhammad Jaunpuri is as follows:

  1. Sayyid Muhammad Jaunpuri
  2. Sayyid Abdullah
  3. Sayyid Osman
  4. Sayyid Khizr
  5. Sayyid Musa
  6. Sayyid Qasim
  7. Sayyid Najmuddin
  8. Sayyid Abdullah
  9. Sayyid Yusuf
  10. Sayyid Yahya
  11. Sayyid Jalaluddin
  12. Sayyid Nimatullah
  13. Sayyid Ismail
  14. Imām Musa Kazim
  15. Imām Jafar Sadiq
  16. Imām Muhammad Baqir
  17. Imām Zayn al-'Ābidin
  18. Imām Husayn al Sibt
  19. Imām Ali al Murtaza

Early life and education[edit]

Syed Muhammad was known for his intelligence as a child, having memorized the Qur'an at a young age of seven. He took an elementary religious education under Shaikh Daniyal who was a Sufi Shaikh of the Chisti order. The shaikh later on admitted the child into his school for religious studies. The child was very keen at studies and used to perform extraordinarily.

By 12 he was already being called 'Asad ul Ulema', Arabic for "lion of the learned" (that is to say, best of the scholars.) That was in the city of Jaunpur of that day. Which is also remembered as Shiraz-e-Hind. Like Shiraz was then a center for scholars in Persia,[1] Jaunpur was the answer to it in India.

By 21 years of age he was hailed as 'Syed ul Aulia'; that is Arabic for - The Master (leader) of saints (spiritual saints, friends of God). This historical status of Syed Mohammad is an established fact recognized by many scholars of Islamic studies and historians, particularly those of Indian sub-continent.[2]

He would strictly adhere to the sunna of Muhammad and accordingly the commandments in Qur'an. He is said to have observed extreme devotion and maximum trust in God, to the extent he never consumed even a penny from his parent's wealth after reaching adulthood, for the sake of religious piety.[3]

Travels[edit]

He left Jaunpur along with his family and a small group of followers. Migrating from place to place and gathering more companions the Mahdavia group reached Farah in Afghanistan where he died and is buried.

Pilgrimage and claim to be the Mahdi[edit]

By the age of 53 he embarked on the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca, where in 1496 (901 Hijra), after circumambulating the Kaaba, Imam Mahdi stood between Rukn and Maqam and declared that he was the Promised Mahdi and whoever believes in him is a Momin. Miyan Shah Nizam and Qazi Alauddin Bidri stood as witnesses to the Imam’s declaration and said, “Aamanna wa Saddaqana – We believe and we accept that it is true.” In the ritual law laid down by Muhammad, if two trustworthy witnesses confirm the claim of a man, then his claim is considered established and valid.The pledge of these two men is mentioned because they were both very highly esteemed and respected leaders. One was the king of city of Ja'is, while the other was the Chief Judge of the city of Bidar.[4]

He was generally ignored by the ulema of Mecca, and after staying in Mecca for nearly seven or nine months [5] he returned to India where he proclaimed himself to be the Mahdi at Ahmedabad and later at Badhli (near Patan, Gujarat). The announcement at Bardli is taken by his followers as the ultimate claim. In that announcement he stated that people should investigate his life, and compare it with the commandments of Quran and the path of the prophet of Islam. He also stated that if after his claim was investigated and he is found to be wrong and blasphemous, they could kill him and await Judgement day. If they chose to not kill him, he stated, people should accept and follow him on the way to God, dropping their own innovations which had crept in to their belief and by abiding by the 'sunnah of prophet' strictly.[6]

Opinion of Non-Mahdavi Scholars and Historians[edit]

Shah Abdul Haq Muhaddis Dehlavi[edit]

A notable sunni divine and scholar Shah Abdul Haq of Delhi, quoting from a book of another renowned sunni divine, "Shah Abdul Aziz", "Tuhfa-e-Asnnai-Ashrya", states that many sunni divines and ulema who were the contemporaries of Mahdi and who were born just after his period, had great respect for him as a perfect saint. But in the matter of his claim to be the promised Mahdi, either they accepted it or preferred to remain impartial and silent. But the worldly wise ulema bitterly opposed him and his mission.[7]

Mohammed Husain Azad[edit]

The famous historian and writer Mohammed Husain Azad, in his work: "Darbar-e-Akbari" writing about Mahdi states: "Syed Mohammed Jaunpuri was in fact a great scholar, perfect in conventional and spiritual branches of knowledge. Not only common people accepted him as the promised Mahdi, but Sultan Mahmood Baigda, King of Gujarat also became his disciple. Syed Mohammed, apart from his scholastic and spiritual attainments had great will power and missionary zeal which made him travel extensively in India and ultimately he reached the domain of Iran." (In fact the last stage of the Imam's journey ended at Farah which is now a part of Afghanistan).[8]

Khairuddin Mohammed Illahbadi[edit]

Referring to Mahdi's followers in his book 'Junapuranama' (Chapter V), Janab Khairuddin Mohammed says: "The people who were inspired by him [Mahdi] were always ready to fight for the cause of God, for establishing truth and good things and for the effacement of falsehood and disbelief, they did not yield to anyone. In the course of true faith they were always in the forefront and whatever they get or earned, they divided equally among themselves and did not store for the coming day". He further says: "I have personally seen many persons of this group and found many of them in a state with burning heart and tearful eyes. Their sole work is to have deep understanding of the Quran and to implement its injunctions. In general matters they follow Imam Abu Hanifa, but in following the traditions of the Prophet they are very severe. They do not believe in guess work."

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad[edit]

The really practical period of the Islamic teachings were started by the Mahdavia society. In fact this was an initial period which, alas! ended very quickly. No one was excluded from the order of Mahdavieth and immortal reverence. Every Mahdavi was certain that he is a Muslim, and therefore, an Allah's official and his deputy in the world. Hence he looked at everything and action not with his eyes but with the eyes of Allah and gave precedence to the will of Allah on all his desires.

In this period thousands of such people were seen who, for the sake of pronouncing the truth leave all their beloved, and in the path of Allah gladly tolerate all these harsh oppressions which they have to undergo at the hands of the worshippers of falsehood.[9]

Dr.Riaz ul Islam[edit]

Mulla Mohammad of Jounpur, who proclaimed himself Mahdi in 1495 at Mekkah was a man of different stamp than the many other Mahdis of history. He was a man of extraordinary intelligence and scholarship. His life was throughout marked by piety and nobility. Unlike the other Mahdis, he never aspired for political power. On two occasions, when his disciples offered him armed assistance to overcome his enemies, he spurned their offer and remarked “wield the sword on your inordinate desires. The helper of Mahdi is God.” “His success was primarily due to his sincerity and fervor, the purity of his character and the selflessness, whose personality had a chastening and purifying influence on their lives……Robbers and bandits would leave their profession and adopt dhikr and contemplation and would dedicate their lives to God. He breathed a spirit of love and amity among his contemporaries….It was the honesty and integrity, the resignation and unworldliness of Syed Mohammad which appealed to his audience, and secured converts to his way of thought.” (vide Mahdari movement in India by Dr. S.N Rizvi, Medieval India Quarterly, Aligarh, 1950).[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


External links[edit]