Hazuri Bagh

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Hazuri Bagh
حضوری باغ
Hazuri Bagh Baradari & Ground.JPG
The Hazuri Bagh Baradari is in the centre of the quadrangle
Hazuri Bagh is located in Lahore
Hazuri Bagh
Hazuri Bagh is located in Pakistan
Hazuri Bagh
LocationLahore, Pakistan
CoordinatesCoordinates: 31°35′18″N 74°18′42″E / 31.58833°N 74.31167°E / 31.58833; 74.31167

Hazuri Bagh (Urdu: حضوری باغ) is a garden in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, bounded by the Lahore Fort to the east, Badshahi Mosque to the west, the Samadhi of Ranjit Singh to the north, and the Roshnai Gate to the south. The garden was built during the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, in the style of Mughal gardens. In the centre of the garden stands the Hazuri Bagh Baradari, built by the Maharaja in 1818 to celebrate his capture of the Koh-i-Noor diamond from Shuja Shah Durrani in 1813.[1][2][3][4] The Serai Alamgiri caravanserai formerly stood where Hazuri Bagh is now located.

An old Lithograph of Hazuri Bagh. Digitized by the Panjab Digital Library.

History[edit]

Hazuri Bagh is at the centre of an ensemble of monuments including the Badshahi Mosque, Lahore Fort, Roshnai Gate, and the Samadhi of Ranjit Singh

The Hazuri Bagh garden was planned and built under the supervision of Faqir Azizuddin in the traditional Mughal style layout. After its completion, it is said, Ranjit Singh, at the suggestion of Jamadar Khushhal Singh, ordered that marble vandalized from various mausoleums of Lahore to construct a baradari (pavilion) here. This task was given to Khalifa Nooruddin. Elegant carved marble pillars support the baradari's delicate cusped arches. The central area, where Ranjit Singh held court, has a mirrored ceiling. Both the garden and the baradari, originally a 45-foot, three-storey square with a basement approached by fifteen steps, suffered extensive damage during the Sikh wars and was only reclaimed and laid out according to the original plan during the British period. On 19 July 1932, the top story collapsed and was never rebuilt or restored.[1][4] The tomb of Muhammad Iqbal, completed in 1951, as well as of Sikandar Hayat Khan, the last Premier of the Punjab, lies across from the garden outside of the Badshahi Mosque.[4]

Every Sunday afternoon, people gather in the garden to hear story tellers recite traditional Punjabi Qisse, such as Heer Ranjha and Sassi Punnun, and other Punjabi Sufi poetry.[3]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Hazuri Bagh and Baradari". Asian Historical Architecture website. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
  2. ^ Bansal, Bobby (2015). Remnants of the Sikh Empire: Historical Sikh Monuments in India & Pakistan. Hay House, Inc. ISBN 9384544930.
  3. ^ a b Tania Qureshi (23 February 2018). "Lahore's Hazuri Bagh - a historic complex with a new look". Daily Times (newspaper). Retrieved 31 December 2020.
  4. ^ a b c Siddique Shahzad (28 June 2015). "Hazuri Bagh". Lahore History website. Retrieved 31 December 2020.

External links[edit]