Hazza' Majali

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Hazza' Majali
Hazza' Majali portrait.png
Hazza' Majali
22nd and 32nd Prime Minister of Jordan
In office
6 May 1959 – 29 August 1960
Preceded bySamir al-Rifai
Succeeded byBahjat Talhouni
Prime Minister of Jordan
In office
15 December 1955 – 21 December 1955
Preceded bySa`id al-Mufti
Succeeded byIbrahim Hashem
Minister of Agriculture
In office
1950–1951
Minister of Justice
In office
1951 - 1954–1955
Minister of Interior
In office
1953 - 1955–1954 - 1955
Personal details
RelationsAyman Hazza' al-Majali, Hussein Al-Majali, Habis al-Majali

Hazza' Barakat al-Majali (1917 – 29 August 1960) (Arabic: هزاع بركات المجالي‎ was two-time Prime Minister of Jordan. His first term lasted one week in 1955, his second term lasted from mid-1959 until his assassination.

Education[edit]

Majali was born in Madaba, the Karak governorate in 1917.[1] He was the son of a sheikh of the Majali tribe.[1] He attended an elementary school in Ma'een, then transferred to Al-Raba School in Al-Karak, followed by Al-Karak School, and finally to Al-Salt school for his secondary education. Hazza' later studied Law in Damascus.[1]

Jordanian government positions[edit]

King Hussein of Jordan (left) U.N Secretary General Dag Hammarskjöld (Middle-left) Premier Hazza' Al Majali (Middle-Right) Abdelmunim al-Rifai (right) at the U.N committee

After high school, Majali worked for the Department of Land and Survey followed by the Madaba Court. After that, he studied Law in Damascus and returned to Jordan to work for the "Royal Protocol". He was appointed by King Abdullah I as Chairman of the Greater Amman Municipality, then served as the Minister of Agriculture (1950–1951) and as the Minister of Justice (1951 and 1954–1955) under Prime Minister Sameer al-Rifai. He won two Parliamentary elections to represent Al-Karak in the Jordanian Parliament, once in 1951 and again in 1954. He was also appointed as the Minister of Interior (1953–1954 and 1955). Hazza' first served as Prime Minister on December 15, 1955 when King Hussein tried to join the Baghdad Pact, but quickly resigned on December 20, 1955 following popular protests making his first government the shortest lasting government in Jordan's history.[2] He was re-appointed as Prime Minister on 6 May 1959.[3] He picked Wasfi al-Tal to be his assistant during this term. Majali was assassinated at his office on 29 August 1960.[4]

Assassination[edit]

Convicts in Majali's assassination hanged, 31 December 1960.

At around 10:30 am on 29 August 1960, a bomb exploded in Majali's office,[5] killing him and 11 other people including senior officials in the government. The assassins targeted al-Majali in his regular weekly meetings that he regularly held on Mondays to listen to the complaints of ordinary Jordanian citizens and propose possible solutions to their grievances. A number of those who had come to meet him also perished in the explosion. A number of convicts allegedly involved in Majali's assassination were hanged on 31 December 1960.

Personal life[edit]

Majali married Samiha Rfifan al-Majali, the sister of Habis al-Majali. Together they had 5 children (3 boys and 2 girls). His eldest son, Amjad Hazza' al-Majali, served as the Jordanian Ambassador in Bahrain and Greece, and eventually became Minister of Labor during the government of Ali Abu al-Ragheb. His second eldest son, Ayman Hazza' al-Majali, served as Chief of Royal Protocol for King Hussein in the 1990s until the King's death in 1999, and then served as Deputy Prime Minister during the government of Abdelraouf al-Rawabdeh.[6] His eldest daughter, Taghrid Hazza' Majali, married Prince Muhammad bin Talal, brother of King Hussein, in 1981.[7] His second eldest daughter Zein Hazza' Majali is a businesswoman. His youngest son, Hussein Hazza' al-Majali, who graduated from The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina, served in the Jordanian military and became head of the Royal Guard under King Hussein in the 1990s, Jordan's Ambassador in Bahrain until 2010[8] the chief of the Jordanian Public Security Department. And the minister of Interior Affairs in the government of Dr. Abdullah Al Nsour. [1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Yitzhak Oron, Ed. Middle East Record Volume 1, 1960. The Moshe Dayan Center. p. 324. GGKEY:3KXGTYPACX2. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
  2. ^ "Palestine: Information with Provenance". Cosmos. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  3. ^ Business Optimization Consultants B.O.C. "Jordan Government". King Hussein. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  4. ^ Eur (2003). The Middle East and North Africa 2003. Europa Publications. p. 589. ISBN 978-1-85743-132-2. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
  5. ^ "Time Magazine article". Time. 12 September 1960. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
  6. ^ "Jordan Times". Jordan Embassy. 6 March 1999. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  7. ^ "The Royal Forums". The Royal Forums. 1983. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  8. ^ Embassies and Consulates in Bahrain Archived 20 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine
Political offices
Preceded by
Sa`id al-Mufti
Prime Minister of Jordan
1955
Succeeded by
Ibrahim Hashem
Preceded by
Samir al-Rifai
Prime Minister of Jordan
1959–1960
Succeeded by
Bahjat Talhouni