He'll Have to Go
|"He'll Have to Go"|
|Single by Jim Reeves|
|from the album He'll Have to Go and Other Favorites|
|B-side||"In a Mansion Stands My Love"|
|Released||November 1959 (U.S.)|
|Recorded||October 15, 1959|
|Genre||Country, Nashville Sound|
|Songwriter(s)||Joe Allison, Audrey Allison|
|Jim Reeves singles chronology|
The song is about a man who's talking by telephone to the woman he loves when he realizes that another man is with her. The song was written by the husband-and-wife team of Joe and Audrey Allison, and was inspired by a phone conversation between them in which they had trouble making themselves understood. Because of background noise and Audrey Allison's naturally soft voice, her husband had to ask her to put her mouth very close to the receiver. That led her to pen the song's first line.
Reeves recorded the song after listening to the original version of it by singer Billy Brown. When Brown's version attracted little attention, Reeves felt free to record his own. It was released to country radio as the B-side of "In a Mansion Stands My Love", which some music executives thought considered a stronger song. However, "Mansion" failed to catch on, and disc jockeys began playing the B-side instead. It was not long before "He'll Have to Go" became a huge country and pop hit. Several rhythm and blues radio stations played the song, too.
The recording features a small group of musicians: Floyd Cramer on piano, Marvin Hughes on the vibraphone, Bob Moore on bass, Buddy Harman on drums, Hank Garland on guitar, and the Anita Kerr Singers providing the background vocals.
The first verse set the tone: "Put your sweet lips a little closer to the phone/Let's pretend that we're together all alone/I'll tell the man to turn the juke box way down low/And you can tell your friend there with you he'll have to go."
Country music historian Bill Malone noted that "He'll Have to Go" in most respects represented a conventional country song, but its arrangement and the vocal chorus "put this recording in the country pop vein." In addition, Malone lauded Reeves' vocal styling - lowered to "its natural resonant level" to project the "caressing style that became famous" - as being why "many people refer to him as the singer with the velvet touch."
"He'll Have to Go" reached #1 on the Hot Country Singles chart on February 8, 1960, where it remained for 14 consecutive weeks. The song was one of just five different titles to occupy the chart's summit during 1960.
In addition, the song reached #2 on the Billboard Hot 100 in early 1960 and #13 on the R&B Singles Chart. Billboard ranked it as the No. 2 song of the year for 1960. In Canada the song was #1 for 6 weeks in the pop charts. It also had success abroad, reaching #1 on the Australian Singles Chart and #12 on the UK Singles Chart.
|Australia Singles Chart||1|
|Canadian Singles Chart||1|
|Norwegian Singles Chart||1|
|U.S. Billboard Hot C&W Sides||1|
|U.S. Billboard Hot 100||2|
|UK Singles Chart||12|
|U.S. Billboard Hot R&B Singles||13|
Cover versions and answer songs
"He'll Have to Go" has been covered by many artists. Elvis Presley recorded his version of "He'll Have to Go" on October 31, 1976, at his last known studio recording session; it is believed to be the final song he ever recorded in a studio setting.
- Gilliland, John (1969). "Show 10 - Tennessee Firebird: American country music before and after Elvis. [Part 2]" (audio). Pop Chronicles. University of North Texas Libraries.
- Gilbert, Bob and Gary Theroux, "The Top Ten: 1956-Present," Pop Record Research, Fireside Books, Simon & Schuster, New York. 1982 (ISBN 0-671-43215-X).
- Gilbert and Theroux, "The Top Ten."
- 3 Chords A Day: October 15, 2009 -- the 50th Anniversary of the recording. http://3chordsaday.wordpress.com/2009/10/15/hell-have-to-go-jim-reeves/
- Malone, Bill, "Classic Country Music: A Smithsonian Collection" ((booklet included with Classic Country Music: A Smithsonian Collection 4-disc set). Smithsonian Institution, 1990), p. 51.
- Whitburn, Joel (2004). The Billboard Book Of Top 40 Country Hits: 1944-2006, Second edition. Record Research. p. 285.
- Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-2004. Record Research. p. 488.
- Billboard Year-End Hot 100 singles of 1960
- "CANADA'S (TED KENNEDY) WEEKLY SINGLE CHARTS FROM 1960". Barry Kowal - hits of all decades. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
- Ernst Jorgensen, Elvis Presley: A Life in Music (St; Martin's Press, 1998), p. 400.