Heřmanův Městec

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Heřmanův Městec
Town
Kostel sv Bartoloměje v Heřmanově Městci od jihu.jpg
Saint Bartholomew Church
Flag
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Pardubice
District Chrudim
Commune Chrudim
Municipality Heřmanův Městec
Elevation 280 m (919 ft)
Coordinates 49°56′51″N 15°40′5″E / 49.94750°N 15.66806°E / 49.94750; 15.66806Coordinates: 49°56′51″N 15°40′5″E / 49.94750°N 15.66806°E / 49.94750; 15.66806
Area 14.34 km2 (5.54 sq mi)
Population 4,822 (2014-01-01)
Density 336/km2 (870/sq mi)
First mentioned 1325
Mayor Aleš Jiroutek
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 538 03
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Heřmanův Městec
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.hermanuv-mestec.cz

Heřmanův Městec (Czech pronunciation: [ˈɦɛr̝manuːf ˈmɲɛstɛts]; German: Hermanmiestetz, Hermannstädt(e)l) is a town in Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic. It has c. 4,800 inhabitants.

Jewish Hermanmiestetz[edit]

Jewish cemetery in Heřmanův Městec

Jews were living there as early as 1509, engaged in commerce and money-lending; but the Jewish community proper dates from 1591. The Jews were confined to a ghetto under the protectorate of the overlords of the city. One of these, Count Johann Wenceslaus Spork, built a synagogue in 1760, which was modernized in 1870. The Jewish parochial school was transformed into a German public school. Since 1891 Hermanmiestetz has been the seat of a district rabbi, the dependent communities being Chrudim, Roubowitz, and Drevikau.

The following have officiated as rabbis in Hermanmiestetz:

Judah Löb Borges (died 1872), a member of the community distinguished for his Talmudic and literary attainments, officiated temporarily whenever there was a vacancy in the rabbinate.

The community supports a burial society, a society for nursing the sick, a Talmud Torah, and a women's society. The cemetery must have existed as early as the sixteenth century, for it is recorded in a document that in 1667 a field was bought from a citizen for the purpose of enlarging the burial-ground. In 1903 the Jews of Hermanmiestetz numbered 300, those of the whole district aggregating 1,100.

References[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainGotthard Deutsch and Nehemias Kranberg (1901–1906). "Hermanmiestetz". In Singer, Isidore; et al. Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company. 

Nearby municipalities[edit]

External links[edit]