|Dimensions||29.6 cm × 1003.1 cm (11.7 in × 394.9 in)|
He-Gassen (Japanese: 屁合戦, literally: "Fart competitions"), also known as Houhi-Gassen (放屁合戦, "Farting competitions") is a Japanese art scroll, created during the Edo period (1603–1868) by an unknown artist or several unknown artists.
The scroll depicts various scenes with one peculiar characteristic reoccurring throughout the scroll: at least one character is having a bout of flatulence directed against other characters. The scroll may have been made to highlight the political and social changes in Japan.
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- Henshall, Kenneth (2004). A history of Japan: From Stone Age to Superpower (2nd ed.). Palgrave Macmillan. p. 70. ISBN 1-4039-1272-6.
- Steele, M. William (2003). Alternative Narratives in Modern Japanese History. Routledge, London. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-134-40408-7.
- Yano, Akiko (2013). "Historiography of the "Phallic Contest" Handscroll in Japanese Art". Japan Review (26): 59–82. JSTOR 41959817.
- Digitized scroll at the Waseda University Library
- Japanese fart scrolls prove that human art peaked centuries ago
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