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Japanese: 屁合戦
See adjacent text.
ArtistUnknown artist
YearEdo period
Dimensions29.6 cm × 1003.1 cm (11.7 in × 394.9 in)

He-Gassen (Japanese: 屁合戦, literally: "Fart competitions"), also known as Houhi-Gassen (放屁合戦, "Farting competitions") is a Japanese art scroll,[1] created during the Edo period (1603–1868) by an unknown artist or several unknown artists.[2][3][4][5]

The scroll depicts various scenes with one peculiar characteristic reoccurring throughout the scroll: at least one character is having a bout of flatulence directed against the other characters.[2] The scroll may have been made to highlight the political and social changes in Japan.[2][6]

The scroll has been digitized by the Waseda University Library.[7]

PHegassen scroll
Complete He-gassen scroll


  1. ^ "japanese-fart-scrolls-prove-that-human-art-peaked-centuries-ago". io9.com. Retrieved 2015-07-20.
  2. ^ a b c "The art of flatulence! How 200-year-old Japanese 'He-gassen' paintings really DO have a deep meaning". Daily Mail. London. 21 February 2012.
  3. ^ "he-gassen-japan-edo-period-fart-scrolls". www.spoon-tamago.com. Retrieved 2015-07-20.
  4. ^ "The Internet Has Officially Discovered The Most Epic Fart Battle In All Of Art History (NSFW)". www.huffingtonpost.com. 23 January 2014.
  5. ^ "Japanese-fart-battle". wtfarthistory.com. Retrieved 2015-07-20.
  6. ^ "fart-art-is-a-very-real-thing". metro.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-07-20.
  7. ^ "Digitized scroll at the Waseda University Library". Retrieved 2015-07-20.

Further reading[edit]

  • Henshall, Kenneth (2004). A history of Japan: From Stone Age to Superpower (2nd ed.). Palgrave Macmillan. p. 70. ISBN 1-4039-1272-6.
  • Steele, M. William (2003). Alternative Narratives in Modern Japanese History. Routledge, London. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-134-40408-7.
  • Yano, Akiko (2013). "Historiography of the "Phallic Contest" Handscroll in Japanese Art". Japan Review (26): 59–82. JSTOR 41959817.

External links[edit]