A head coach, senior coach, or manager is a professional at training and developing athletes. They typically hold a more public profile and are paid more than other coaches. In some sports, the head coach is instead called the "manager", as in association football and professional baseball. In other sports such as Australian rules football, the head coach is generally termed a senior coach.
Head coaches in American football have different responsibilities depending on what level of the sport they are coaching.
High school football
The head coach has a much more complete hold on the intricacies of the team. He may have to perform the duties of a defensive or offensive coordinator.
Often, high school head coaches have to do more work off the field than on. It is important that head coaches in high school hire a competent and proactive coaching staff because when the head coach is pulled away from practice then he must be confident that his team is in good hands with his other coaches and staff. One of the most difficult issues that head coaches must deal with off of the field is the parent, although many coaches do not allow parental interactions in many cases. He must be able to handle any issues that parents may have with the way that the head coach is running the program, all along while staying professional and not being demeaning. Furthermore, a high school's head football coach often serves as his school's Athletic Coordinator or Director, which adds even further responsibilities to his job. In some jurisdictions, a high school head coach must also have a paying job within the school, almost always as a teacher.
One of the major features of head coaching in college football is the high turnover rate for jobs. With few exceptions (notable ones including Jimmye Laycock, Joe Paterno, Tom Osborne, Bill Snyder, Frank Beamer, Bo Schembechler, Woody Hayes, Bobby Bowden, Darrell Royal, and LaVell Edwards) college coaches often routinely change jobs, rarely staying at a school for more than a decade. Some coaches have been known to leave a school and then return to the program after a period of time.
Many head coaches at the college level have a paid staff and as such are more free to concentrate on the overall aspect of the team rather than dealing with the nuances of training regimens and such.
Unlike head coaches at other levels, college coaching staffs are solely responsible for the composition and development of players on the team. The ability to recruit and develop top players plays a major role in success at this level.
College head coaches report to the athletic director to their respective university.
A college coach acts as the face of a team, at an age when many young players do not wish to be hounded by media. They are often called upon to discuss off-the-field incidents such as rule infractions or player antics. Sometimes, the coach becomes a celebrity in his own right, e.g., Lou Holtz.
At the end of the year, there are numerous college football coach of the year awards given out. Usually, the awards all go to the same coach but there are some discrepancies. Major annual coaching honors include the Home Depot Coach of the Year, The Liberty Mutual Coach of the Year Award, the Associated Press College Football Coach of the Year Award, and The Paul 'Bear' Bryant Award.
National Football League
At the professional level, coaches may work for millions of dollars a year. Since he does not have to travel the country recruiting high school players, the head coach at the pro level has much more time to devote to tactics and playbooks, which are coordinated with staff paid even more than at the college level. They typically report to the general manager. Head coaching, due to the lack of job security and long hours, is a very stressful job. With salaries being quite high combined with firings being rather common, many coaches may retire in their early fifties.
Many factors are part of National Football League (NFL) coaches' contracts. These involve the NFL's $11 billion as the highest revenue sport, exceeding the Major League Baseball's (MLB) $7 billion. The NFL's coaches are among the highest-paid professional coaches with professional football salaries topping a 2011 Forbes' article on the highest-paid sports coaches. Bill Belichick was listed at the number one spot for the second year in a row. Additionally, there was not a single MLB or National Hockey League coach making the list.
Another major element of NFL coaches' contracts, negotiated between individual coaches and NFL "teams"/owners, are NFL demanded provisions in the coaches employment contracts, that authorize the employing NFL teams to withhold part of a coach's salary when league operations are suspended, such as lockouts or television contract negotiations.
In some countries, there is an individual who may be granted a position as senior coach in which they act as the first assistant of the head coach or run a junior squad in the club. In the absence of a head coach, a senior coach temporarily fulfills his role as an interim (see Caretaker manager).
There is the UEFA Convention on the Mutual Recognition of Coaching Qualifications that has three levels: Pro, A, and B.
Australian rules football
In Australian rules football, the head coach or senior coach, is responsible for developing and implementing appropriate training programs to his players. The senior coach in the AFL is also responsible for determining the rotations and team line ups for each game. Moreover, these coaches are not the only ones involved in team operations, as in AFL teams, there are sometimes up to five different coaches who may each have their own unique responsibilities. For example, there can be a forward, a midfield, and a defence coach, each focusing on a particular position. And thus, each coach will work with players in those certain positions.
Rugby football union clubs have the option of either employing a director of rugby (DoR), a head coach or both. There is, as of yet, no consensus on what either role entails, as the responsibilities vary between clubs. Generally, if a club decides on employing one of either a DoR or a head coach, they will hold more responsibility than if the club employs individuals for both roles. It has been proposed that the DoR is a club-wide position, providing and ensuring the club is working towards a shared philosophy from youth teams to senior teams. Whereas a head coach is focused purely on planning and implementing coaching for the first team; alongside a coaching team consisting of a mixture of defence, attack, forwards, backs, skills and strength and conditioning coaches.
- Coach (sport)
- Coach (basketball)
- Manager (baseball)
- Manager (association football)
- Coach (ice hockey)
- Coaching tree
- Athletics director
- Category:Sports coaches
|Wikidata has the property:
- Dosh, Kristi (2012-09-29). "Bill Belichick highest-paid coach - again - Sports Business News, Analysis - Dollars Blog - ESPN Playbook - ESPN". ESPN. Retrieved 2012-10-03.
- "The Highest-Paid Coaches In Sports". Forbes. 2011-05-18. Retrieved 2012-10-03.
- "NFL Coaches Association brief: 'End the lockout'". CBS Sports. Retrieved 2012-10-03.
- Smith, Chris (May 22, 2013). "The Highest Paid Coaches In US Sports". Forbes.
- Full membership of UEFA coaching convention. UEFA website. 18 December 2008.
- "Munster name Johan Erasmus as new director of rugby". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2017-05-25.
- "CLUB ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES" (PDF). Irish Rugby. n.d. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- "Harlequins confirm Director of Rugby and coaching structure". www.quins.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-05-25.