Head of Christ (Rembrandt)

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Head of Christ
Christuskop
Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn 048.jpg
Artist Rembrandt Edit this on Wikidata
Year 1640s
Dimensions 25 cm (9.8 in) × 21.7 cm (8.5 in)
Collection Gemäldegalerie Edit this on Wikidata
Accession No. 811C Edit this on Wikidata
Identifiers RKDimages ID: 202397

The Head of Christ is a 1648 painting by the Dutch artist Rembrandt, based on a Jewish model and thus marking a turning-point in the artist's work. It is now in the Gemäldegalerie in Berlin.[1]

Description[edit]

There are multiple versions of Rembrandt's Head of Christ which compose an international collection of paintings in the possession of a number of different cultural institutions and individuals. These similar heads in varying poses were possibly created as devotional objects. Today about a dozen are known, but only this one is considered by the RRP to be by the master's hand. This one came into the collection via a bequest by Herr and Frau Martin Bromberg of Hamburg.

This painting was documented by Hofstede de Groot in 1914, who wrote; "158. HEAD OF CHRIST. B.-HdG. 413. Turned three-quarters left. The head is slightly inclined. Long dark curls and a short full beard. In a reddish-brown cloak. Half-length, without the hands, about half life size. Painted about 1656-58. Oak panel, 10 inches by 8 inches. Mentioned by Michel, pp. 451, 443, 563 [270, 343, 435]. Sale. John Henderson, London, February 13, 1882. In the collection of Rodolphe Kann, Paris, 1907 catalogue, p. 72 ; bought as a whole in 1907 by the dealers Duveen Brothers. In the Kaiser Friedrich Museum, Berlin, 1911 catalogue, No. 811C; presented by Herr and Frau Martin Bromberg of Hamburg."[2]

During WWII the painting was stored in a vault along with most of the paintings that were in the Kaiser Friedrich Museum located at what is today the Bode Museum. After the war it was recovered and returned to West-Berlin, which is how it came to be in the collection of the Gemäldegalerie.[3] In 1959 it was stolen, but recovered 2 years later.[3] The painting was included in most Rembrandt catalogs of the 20th-century, only recently being its exclusive status as the only surviving copy by the master's hand in the RRP catalog. It is, however, still connected with Rembrandt's workshop and is grouped together with all the other versions. It was included in the 2011 exhibition "Rembrandt and the Face of Jesus" held in the museums of Detroit (DIA), Philadelphia (PMA) and Paris (Louvre) April 21, 2011 – February 12, 2012, cat. no. 35.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Christuskopf". Metropolitan Museum of Art. 
  2. ^ 158. Head of Christ" in Hofstede de Groot, 1914 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ a b Painting record in the RKD

Bibliography[edit]

  • Christian Tümpel: Rembrandt. Rowohlt Taschenbuch Verlag, Reinbek 2006, ISBN 3-499-50691-2.
  • Kristin Bahre u. a. (ed.): Rembrandt. Genie auf der Suche. DuMont Literatur und Kunst, Köln 2006, ISBN 3-8321-7694-2
  • Rembrandt et la figure du Christ/Rembrandt and the face of Jesus, Musée du Louvre, Paris, 21 April 2011 – 18 July 2011, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, 3 August 2011 – 30 October 2011, Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, 20 November 2011 – 12 February 2012, ISBN 978-88-89854-71-6, cat.no. 35.

External links[edit]