Headingley

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Headingley
Skyrack.jpg
The centre of Headingley
Headingley is located in West Yorkshire
Headingley
Headingley
Location within West Yorkshire
OS grid referenceSE278362
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLEEDS
Postcode districtLS6
Dialling code0113
PoliceWest Yorkshire
FireWest Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°49′17″N 1°34′40″W / 53.821421°N 1.577795°W / 53.821421; -1.577795Coordinates: 53°49′17″N 1°34′40″W / 53.821421°N 1.577795°W / 53.821421; -1.577795

Headingley is a suburb of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, approximately two miles out of the city centre, to the north west along the A660 road. Headingley is the location of the Beckett Park campus of Leeds Beckett University and Headingley Stadium.

The vast majority of the area sits in the Headingley and Hyde Park ward of Leeds City Council and Leeds North West parliamentary constituency.

History[edit]

The centre of Headingley
The Original Oak, named after the Skyrack Oak which grew opposite.
The Skyrack, historical remnants of the Wapentake.
Terrace houses typical of the southern districts of Headingley.

Headingley was mentioned in the Domesday Book in 1086 as Hedingelei or Hedingeleia when it was recorded that Ilbert de Lacy held 7 carucates (about 840 acres) of land. The name is thought to derive from Old English Head(d)inga 'of the descendants of Head(d)a' + lēah 'open ground', thus meaning "the clearing of Hedda's people".[1] Headda has sometimes been identified with Saint Hædde.[2] A stone coffin found near Beckett Park in 1995 suggests there may have been an earlier settlement in late Roman or post-Roman times.

From Viking times, Headingley was the centre of the Skyrack wapentake or Siaraches, the "Shire oak". The name may refer to an oak tree that was a meeting place for settling legal disputes and raising armies. An ancient oak, said to be the Shire Oak, stood to the north of St Michael's Church until 1941, and gives its name to two public houses, the Original Oak and the Skyrack.[3]

During the 13th century William de Poiteven gave land in Headingley to Kirkstall Abbey, and in 1341 the remainder of the township of Headingley-cum-Burley was given to the monastery by the owner, John de Calverley.

The shire oak in 1890.

A map of 1711 shows Headingley as having a chapel, cottages and farmsteads scattered around a triangle of land formed by the merging of routes from north, west and south. Enclosed fields were situated around the settlement with a large tract of common land, Headingley Moor, to the north. In an 1801 census, Headingley's population was given as 300.

An 1829 Act of Parliament enclosed Headingley Moor and the land was placed for sale. Around 30 workers' cottages encroached on the fringes of the moor before 1829. Land here was generally cheaper than that at Headingley Hill as it failed to attract the building of affluent villas. This brought about the building of smaller terraced housing around Moor Road and Cottage Road. In the mid 19th century, Far Headingley had begun to develop over what was largely unclaimed common land.

Headingley was a village until the expansion of Leeds during the Industrial Revolution and became a popular suburb where the rich moved to escape the filth and pollution of the city.

In 1840, Leeds' Zoological and Botanical Gardens opened but despite the opening of the nearby Headingley railway station in 1849, the zoo was loss-making and closed in 1858. The bear pit survives on Cardigan Road.[4]

Meanwood Beck, to the east of the village, was a source of water for the early inhabitants and later provided a source of power for the Victorians of Leeds.

The Leeds Tramway terminated at a depot at Far Headingley between 1875 and 1959. The trams improved the accessibility of Headingley from Leeds city centre, which facilitated growth and attracted affluent middle class inhabitants. The tramway perhaps ended Headingley's village status and made it into a suburb.

With exception of Beckett Park and the surrounding area, most of Headingley had been developed by the beginning of the 20th century. In the 1911 census the population of Headingley was in excess of 46,000.

Leeds Beckett University (formerly Leeds Metropolitan University) has a campus at Beckett Park in Headingley. Much of the housing around Kirkstall Lane is rented to students. The conversion of Leeds Polytechnic into a university and its subsequent growth brought about an increased student population.

Headingley Stadium hosts England test matches and rugby league matches bringing many spectators to the area. The cricket ground has been enlarged to maintain its eligibility for test matches and in 2006 the eastern terraces on the rugby ground were replaced with the Carnegie stand. The winter shed cricket pavilion has been replaced with a new stand and media centre.

University district[edit]

The James Graham Building of Leeds Beckett University

As Headingley is close to both the University of Leeds and Leeds Beckett University campuses, it has become a very popular student area. This has had both positive and negative consequences on the local population and environment. The biggest complaints against students (and increasingly, young professionals) relate to the use of multiple-occupancy houses which are prone to burglary, often neglected by landlords and occupants alike and are typically left unoccupied during university holidays. However, the student population has brought money into the area, improved public transport and, generally, made it a more desirable place to live for a portion of the population.[citation needed]

Family areas still exist such as in Far Headingley or the Triangle near the Co-op on Cardigan Road.

Sports[edit]

Headingley Stadium cricket ground during an England game.
The Carnegie Stand at Headingley Stadium rugby ground

Professional[edit]

Headingley is also known in sporting circles; its stadium is known as Headingley – earlier spelt Headingly.[5] The stadium is home to the Yorkshire County Cricket Club as well as the Leeds Rhinos rugby league and Yorkshire Carnegie rugby union clubs.

For many decades the stadium remained largely unchanged. Since 2000, however, the cricket ground has been nearly entirely rebuilt in order to retain Test match status. The winter shed was demolished in 2008 and replaced by a new stand and media centre, giving the approach to the north entrance a distinctive and modern waymark. The rugby ground also saw development with the building of the Carnegie Stand which replaced the former Eastern Terraces. This was built with co-operation from Leeds Metropolitan University who retain lecture rooms in the building.

Amateur[edit]

Headingley also boasts an amateur association football team, Headingley AFC. The club nearly folded after losing its home ground, however in 2008, the club was offered a new ground by the University of Bradford,[6] before moving to Weetwood Playing Fields, owned by the University of Leeds.[7] They attracted media attention in January 2019 for featuring a shirt sponsor warning of the dangers of gambling.[8] There is also two amateur cricket clubs (Headingley CC & St. Chads CC) in Far Headingley.

Politics[edit]

Politically, almost all of Headingley is in the Leeds North West constituency. The current Member of Parliament (MP) is Alex Sobel (Labour Party) who succeeded Greg Mulholland (Liberal Democrat) in the 2017 general election. At a local government level, the ward of Headingley and Hyde Park has three Labour councillors, Al Garthwaite, Jonathan Pryor and Neil Walshaw.

A small part of Headingley, specifically the area around Queenswood Drive, sits in the Kirkstall ward and the Leeds West constituency, where the current MP is Rachel Reeves of Labour.

Amenities[edit]

Brett's Fish Restaurant, North Lane
The Headingley Taps, a pub on North Lane

Headingley has two renowned fish and chip shops/fish restaurants[9] which have been operating since the 1930s: Brett's, a 19th-century stone building on North Lane, and The Fisherman's Lodge (formerly Bryan's), a more modern building on Weetwood Lane.[10] There are several pubs and bars plus extensive shopping areas. The pub Headingley Taps is so called because it was formerly a water pumping station.[11] Other pubs and bars include the famous Original Oak, Skyrack, Head of Steam, Arcadia and Manahatta (formerly Arc). Close by in Far Headingley are in close proximity The New Inn, The Three Horseshoes and Woodies. In the Headingley Arndale Centre there is a Sainsbury's (formerly a Somerfield), a Wilko, a Boots the Chemist and several other chain shops as well as a small multi-storey car park. Headingley also has a small library[12] on North Lane. There are many banks, building societies, restaurants, cafes and charity shops. Along Otley Road there is a large Oxfam bookshop. Until 2005, Headingley had two cinemas, 'The Lounge' and 'The Cottage Road Cinema' (usually referred to as 'Cottage Road'). The Lounge Cinema in the centre of Headingley has since closed and is being redeveloped as office and living accommodation, leaving only Cottage Road in Far Headingley. The area's Woolworths closed in the 1990s. Until the 1980s, the Arndale Centre boasted a bowling alley. The Arndale Centre began undergoing an external facelift in 2009. The nearest large supermarket is a Morrisons in Kirkstall, approximately a mile away from the centre of Headingley. There is a Premier Inn hotel above the Arndale Centre in the tallest building in Headingley, formerly an office block.[13] Headingley is also famous for something called the Otley run, which is essentially is a pub crawl starting at Woodies Ale House in Far Headingley and usually finishes at the Dry Dock near Leeds City Centre. Typically the Otley run is done in fancy dress.

People[edit]

Many famous writers, past and present, are connected with Headingley: Arthur Ransome, best known perhaps for the children's classic Swallows and Amazons, was born there, J. R. R. Tolkien the writer and author of The Lord of the Rings, lived there when he worked at the university, playwright Alan Bennett once lived over a butcher's shop (now a dry cleaner's) opposite the Three Horseshoes and TV writer Kay Mellor lives in Weetwood today. Many writers and poets who currently live in the area participate in the annual Headingley LitFest, which takes place each March, using venues like the Heart Centre, The New Headingley Club, various cafés and private houses. The tenth LitFest took place in 2017. Reviews of all talks and performances are online on the LitFest blog.[14]

In the time of Queen Victoria, Prince Alemayehu of Abyssinia, brought to England after the defeat of his father King Tewedros, died of pneumonia at an address in Hollin Lane, Far Headingley.[15]

Edward Baines, editor of the Leeds Mercury in the 19th century, had a grand house (since demolished) in Headingley.[citation needed]

Yorkshire Ripper Peter Sutcliffe committed two of his 20 attacks in Headingley. He killed 20-year-old Jacqueline Hill – the last of the 13 women he killed – in the area on 17 November 1980.[16] On 24 September that year, he had also attacked Singapore born doctor Upadhya Bandara, 34, in the area, but she survived his assault. Sutcliffe was arrested within two months of Hill's murder and subsequently sentenced to life imprisonment for a total of 13 murders and seven attempted murders.[17]

Celebrate Headingley[edit]

Celebrate Headingley is an annual series of events organised by Headingley Network, taking place for the ninth time in September 2009. It has been growing and developing since the first one in September 2001. The main intentions are to bring together members of a community which is often seen as beleaguered, to celebrate the diversity and strengths of the local population and to provide opportunities for residents to enjoy each other’s company in a variety of social situations. Events include musical, literary, social and children's events, and local restaurants offer special deals.[18]

Headingley Development Trust[edit]

Headingley street map

Headingley Development Trust (HDT) is an organisation, made up of concerned local residents and small businesses, formed with the aim of promoting and developing a sustainable community in Headingley. Currently HDT has over 825 members and runs many projects in the area.

Headingley in Bloom is responsible for planting flowers around Headingley with the help of local school children.

Cafe Scientifique is a place where local residents can meet for mini ‘lectures’ on all things Scientific.

Headingley Homes is a project which directly intervenes into the housing market. To address the demographic imbalance HH aims to purchase homes to be leased to families rather than continue as a HMOs (houses of multiple occupation).

Pig and Fowl Co-ops is the newest project from HDT set up to purchase chicken and pork direct from the producer. This gives members access to high quality meat, humanely reared and killed, supporting local organic farming.

Farmers Market. happens every second Saturday of the month which is certified by FARMA and is one of the most visible and successful projects of the Trust.

HDT have refurbished and developed Headingleys old primary school building on Bennett Road into a Headingley Enterprise and ARTs centre – HEART. It is to date Headingley's biggest ever community project. HEART accommodates rehearsal and meeting spaces and training rooms on the ground floor, a café with outdoor and conservatory seating areas and a 'catalyst’ business centre on the first floor particularly targeted at the arts and media industry. Besides the advantages of keeping the school in community use and introducing much needed facilities to central Headingley, HDT believes that HEART will create a new cultural buzz in Headingley, provide a space that all residents of Headingley can enjoy, secure the local business base and help to encourage graduates to stay on to make Headingley their permanent home.[19][20]

Churches[edit]

Headingley Parish Church

Headingley Parish Church is dedicated to St Michael and All Angels, and is a large, grade II* listed, steepled church on the corner of Otley Road and St Michael's Road, opposite the Skyrack public house.[21] The Church was built between 1884–86 as the third church on this site. There is a separate parish of Far Headingley, with its parish church of St Chad's (also a large steepled church and grade II* listed).[22]

South Parade Baptist church (1908 and 1925) and Headingley Methodist church (1840–45 and later extensions) are both grade II listed.[23][24] St Columba's United Reformed church is a modern building, as is the Roman Catholic parish church of St Urban's, to the east of the area. The small Lutheran church of St Luke's in Alma Road was converted from the coach house and stable of a Victorian villa.

Buildings of architectural interest[edit]

According to one source "Headingley has the most important group of large and small villas and mansions in the city."[25] and has more than 100 listed buildings.[26] Parts of Headingley are included in Conservation areas established by Leeds City Council.[27]

Individual listed buildings include St Michael's Church and associated buildings,[21][28] the Hyde Park Picture House,[29] the Elinor Lupton Centre,[30] Moorfield House in Alma Road[31] and the former St Margaret of Antioch church building on Cardigan Road.

Headingley Castle was built in 1846 and was owned in 1866 by cloth merchant Arthur Lupton (1809–1889) of the Lupton family, who were the paternal ancestors of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge.[32] It was the home from 1909 to 1943 of entrepreneur and art collector Frank Harris Fulford, and later used to house a school for the blind.[33]

Headingley also has a typical example of a 1960s Arndale Centre. Housing in Headingley is generally Victorian and early 20th century and mostly of little architectural note.

Headingley in media[edit]

The ITV television series Fat Friends was set in Headingley. Large amounts of the eighties ITV Beiderbecke trilogy was filmed in and around Headingley and Becketts Park, along with Moor Grange and Pudsey. Parts of Headingley stood in for Northern Ireland in Harrys Game, and A Touch of Frost used locations in the area.

Gallery[edit]

Images of Headingley

Location grid[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A. H. Smith, The Place-Names of the West Riding of Yorkshire, English Place-Name Society, 30–37, 8 vols (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1961–63), IV 140.
  2. ^ Britannia.com. "St. Haedda". Retrieved 5 January 2008.
  3. ^ Weldrake, Dave. "History: The development of Headingley". Headingleytoday.co.uk. Retrieved 5 January 2008.
  4. ^ "Local history". Headingley.org.[dead link]
  5. ^ Hurley, Patrick (5 February 2008). "Pynchon Character Names: A Dictionary". McFarland. p. 65. Retrieved 21 June 2016. ... The Gentleman Bomber of Headingly (The ATD)... Headingley (note the slight spelling variation) is the name of a cricket ground near Leeds...
  6. ^ "Old Headingley AFC: Club goes from scrapheap to top of the heap". Headingleytoday.co.uk.
  7. ^ "Headingley AFC Club History". Headingley AFC. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  8. ^ "Amateur team Headingley adopt gambling addiction charity as shirt sponsor". BBC Sport. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  9. ^ "BBC - Leeds Features - Guide to Headingley - Fish and chips". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  10. ^ "The Fisherman's Lodge - Restaurant & Takeaway, Leeds". Thefishermanslodge.co.uk. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  11. ^ "BBC - Leeds Features - Guide to Headingley - The Headingley Taps". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  12. ^ "Headingley library". Leeds.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  13. ^ "Insider Media". Insidermedia.com. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  14. ^ "Headingley LitFest". Headingleylitfest.blogspot.com. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  15. ^ "Prince (Dejatch) Alamayou of Abyssinia (Prince Alemayehu Tewodros of Ethiopia)". National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  16. ^ "THE ATTACKS AND MURDERS – JACQUELINE HILL". Execulink.com.
  17. ^ "truTV - Funny Because it's tru". Trutv.com. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  18. ^ "Celebrate Headingley". Headingley.org. Archived from the original on 26 December 2008. Retrieved 9 September 2008.
  19. ^ "Headingley Leeds". Headingleyleeds.com. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  20. ^ "Home". Heartcentre.org.uk. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  21. ^ a b Historic England. "Church of St Michael (1255967)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  22. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Chad (1375301)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  23. ^ Historic England. "Baptist Church and church hall (1256025)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  24. ^ Historic England. "Headingley Methodist Church, vestry, Sunday school, hall and walls and piers (1375309)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  25. ^ Wrathmell, Susan (2005). Pevsner Architectural Guides: Leeds. Yale University Press. p. 245. ISBN 0-300-10736-6.
  26. ^ "Listed Buildings in Headingley Ward, Leeds". Britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  27. ^ "Headingley Conservation Area" (PDF). Leeds.gov.uk. Leeds City Council. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  28. ^ Historic England. "Wall and gate piers to church of St Michael (1255935)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  29. ^ Historic England. "Hyde Park Cinema (1255790)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  30. ^ Historic England. "Eleanor Lupton Centre (Leeds Girls' High School) with boundary walls (1255938)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  31. ^ Historic England. "Moorfield House (1256544)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  32. ^ Listed Buildings, British. "Headingley Castle and Attached Wall, Leeds". UK government – source: British Heritage. Retrieved 30 March 2015. ....in 1872 Arthur Lupton, 'gent' lived here (Headingley Castle)
  33. ^ A Photographic Archive of Leeds, Leodis. "Headingley Castle". UK Leeds City Council. Retrieved 6 May 2015.

Further reading[edit]

  • Bradford, Eveleigh (2008). Headingley, 'This Pleasant Rural Village': Clues to the Past. Jeremy Mills Publishing. ISBN 978-1-906600-37-2.

External links[edit]