Headington Quarry

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Headington Quarry
  • Quarry
The Kilns 1997.jpg
The Kilns, where the author C. S. Lewis lived
Headington Quarry is located in Oxfordshire
Headington Quarry
Headington Quarry
Headington Quarry shown within Oxfordshire
OS grid referenceSP553070
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townOxford
Postcode districtOX3
Dialling code01865
PoliceThames Valley
FireOxfordshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire
51°46′N 1°12′W / 51.76°N 1.20°W / 51.76; -1.20Coordinates: 51°46′N 1°12′W / 51.76°N 1.20°W / 51.76; -1.20

Headington Quarry is a residential district of Oxford, England, located east of Headington and west of Risinghurst, just inside the Oxford ring road in the east of the city. To the south is Wood Farm. Today the district is also known colloquially as "Quarry".[1] The area, now residential, is considerably uneven due to previous quarrying in the area.

The Church of England parish church of the Holy Trinity[2][3] was designed by George Gilbert Scott and built in 1848–49.[4] The east window of its chancel was designed by Ninian Comper.[4] The Friends of Holy Trinity Church was founded in 2002 to raise funds and look after the church.[5] In 1930, C. S. Lewis, Oxford academic and author of The Chronicles of Narnia, and his brother Warnie moved, with Mrs Janie Moore and her daughter Maureen, into "The Kilns", a house on the outskirts of Headington Quarry.[6] Lewis attended Holy Trinity Church.[7] He first preached there on 29 March 1942, on the subject of "Religion and pleasure", and he is buried in the churchyard.

There is a former Methodist Chapel in Quarry High Street.[8] The Headington Quarry Morris Dancers are based in the area.[9] Headington Quarry Morris Dancers were the first Morris dancers ever seen by Cecil Sharp, on Boxing Day 1899.[10] This chance meeting was one of the events that sparked a lifelong interest in folk dance, song and music, to which Sharp devoted much of his life.

Headington Quarry was designated a conservation area[11] in 1971, and the Friends of Quarry[12] is a residents' association which aims to preserve the distinctive character of the Conservation Area and its immediate neighbourhood.

Other features[edit]

Geographically central to the Quarry, the original school, variously named Headington Quarry National School, Headington Quarry Church of England Junior Mixed School, and Headington Quarry Church of England First School, was closed in 2003 due to a lack of enrolments.[13] The school building was originally built in 1864. The school is now home to the Headington Quarry Foundation Stage School. The school building is conservation listed.[14]

Headington Quarry is noted for its array of narrow, winding roads and alleyways; for the undulating terrain on which houses have been built as a result of the quarrying that took place; and for the significant amount of greenspace in the area.

Headington stone[edit]

Headington Quarry had a number of stone quarries.[15] Headington stone, a style of limestone, was traditionally used for some Oxford University college buildings, although it was prone to erosion by pollution.[16] In 1396, stone from quarrying in Headington was used to build the bell-tower for New College. Headington stone was also used in the 1520s by Cardinal Wolsey to build his Cardinal College (now Christ Church).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Headington Quarry, Oxford City Council.
  2. ^ Holy Trinity Church, Headington Quarry
  3. ^ SP5506: Holy Trinity Church, Headington Quarry, Geograph
  4. ^ a b Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 337
  5. ^ About Us, Friends of Holy Trinity Church, Headington Quarry.
  6. ^ Headington History: The Kilns, Lewis Close, Risinghurst
  7. ^ Headington History: C.S. Lewis and Headington
  8. ^ Headington History: Former Methodist Chapel, Quarry High Street, Headington
  9. ^ The Headington Quarry Morris Dancers
  10. ^ Oxfordshire Blue Plaques: William Kimber
  11. ^ More information about the Headington Quarry Conservation Area on city council website
  12. ^ Friends of Quarry website
  13. ^ Stephanie Jenkins. "Headington Quarry School". Retrieved 20 November 2013.
  14. ^ "Headington Quarry Conservation Appraisal" (PDF). Oxford City Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
  15. ^ Headington History: The Stone Quarries of Headington
  16. ^ Viles, Heather. "Crumbling facades: Past, present and future threats to Oxford's stonework" (PDF). University of Oxford. Retrieved 4 April 2010.

Sources[edit]