List of heads of state of Venda

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Republic of Venda (red) within South Africa.
Coat of arms of the Republic of Venda

The following is a list of heads of state of Venda, since the establishment of self-government in 1969.


(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Tenure Portrait Incumbent Affiliation Notes
VhaVenda Territorial Authority
October 1969 to 1 February 1973 Patrick Mphephu, Chief Councillor NPV
Venda (Self-rule)
1 February 1973 to 13 September 1979 Patrick Mphephu, Chief Minister NPV
Republic of Venda (Independent)
13 September 1979 to 17 April 1988 Patrick Mphephu, President NPV Died in office
17 April 1988 to 10 May 1988 Frank N. Ravele, Acting President NPV
10 May 1988 to 5 April 1990 Frank N. Ravele, President Deposed in a coup d'état
5 April 1990 to 25 January 1994 Gabriel Ramushwana, Head of State (Chairman of the Council of National Unity) Mil
25 January 1994 to 26 April 1994 Tshamano G. Ramabulana, Head of State (Chairman of the Council of National Unity) Mil
26 April 1994 Venda re-integrated into South Africa

Political affiliation[edit]

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