List of heads of government of Ethiopia

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Coat of arms of Ethiopia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ethiopia

This is a list of heads of government of Ethiopia since the formation of the post of Chief Minister of the Ethiopian Empire in 1909 (renamed to Prime Minister in 1943). Since 1909, there have been 3 chief ministers and 8 prime ministers. The Prime Minister is the commander-in-chief of the Ethiopian National Defense Force. The current Prime Minister is Hailemariam Desalegn, since 21 September 2012.

List[edit]

Name Portrait Birth–Death Elected Took office Left office Political party
(Coalition)
Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svgEthiopian Empire (1137–1974) • Imperial coat of arms of Ethiopia (Haile Selassie).svg
1 Fitawrari
Habte Giyorgis
Fitawrari Habte Giyorgis.JPG 1851–1927 1909 1927
(Died in Office)
Independent
2 Ras
Tafari Makonnen[1]
Selassie restored.jpg 1892–1975 1927 1 May 1936
(Exiled)
Independent
3 Wolde Tzaddick No image.png 1 May 1936 1936 Independent
Vacant (1936–29 January 1943)
4 Ras Betwoded
Makonnen Endelkachew
No image.png 1890–1963 29 January 1943 1 November 1957 Independent
5 Ras
Abebe Aregai
Abebe-Aregai.jpg 1903–1960 1957 27 November 1957 15 December 1960
(Assassinated)
Independent
Leul Ras
Imru Haile Selassie
In rebellion
No image.png 1892–1980 12 December 1960 15 December 1960 Independent
Vacant (15 December 1960–17 April 1961)
6 Tsehafi Taezaz
Aklilu Habte-Wold
Aklilu Habte Wold.jpg 1912–1974 1961
1965
1969
1973
17 April 1961 1 March 1974
(Resigned)
Independent
7 Lij
Endelkachew Makonnen
Endelkachew Makonnen.jpg 1927–1974 1 March 1974 22 July 1974
(Deposed)
Independent
8 Lij
Mikael Imru
Mikael Imru, Ambassador of Ethiopia, 1961 (JFKWHP-AR6379-A).jpg 1929–2008 3 August 1974 12 September 1974
(Deposed)
Independent
Flag of Ethiopia (1975–1987) (02).svgDerg (Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia) (1974–1987) • Emblem of the Derg.svg
Post Abolished (12 September 1974–10 September 1987)
Flag of Ethiopia (1987–1991).svgPeople's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1987–1991) • PDR Ethiopia emblem.svg
9 Fikre Selassie Wogderess No image.png c. 1945– 1987 10 September 1987 8 November 1989 Workers' Party of Ethiopia
Hailu Yimenu
Acting Prime Minister
No image.png  ?–1991 8 November 1989 26 April 1991 Workers' Party of Ethiopia
Tesfaye Dinka
Acting Prime Minister
No image.png 26 April 1991 6 June 1991 Workers' Party of Ethiopia
Flag of Ethiopia (1991-1996).svgTransitional Government of Ethiopia (1991–1995) • Coat of arms of Transitional Government of Ethiopia.svg
Tamrat Layne
Acting Prime Minister
No image.png 1955– 6 June 1991 22 August 1995 Amhara National Democratic Movement
(Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front)
Flag of Ethiopia.svgFederal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1995–present) • Coat of arms of Ethiopia.svg
10 Meles Zenawi Meles Zenawi - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012.jpg 1955–2012 1995
2000
2005
2010
23 August 1995 20 August 2012
(Died in Office)
Tigrayan People's Liberation Front
(Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front)
11 Hailemariam Desalegn Hailemariam Desalegn - Closing Plenary- Africa's Next Chapter - World Economic Forum on Africa 2011.jpg 1965– 2015 21 September 2012
Acting since 20 August 2012
Incumbent Southern Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement
(Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front)

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ From 2 April 1930, Emperor Haile Selassie I

See also[edit]

External links[edit]