List of heads of government of Ethiopia

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ethiopia

This is a list of heads of government of Ethiopia since the formation of the post of Chief Minister of the Ethiopian Empire in 1909 (renamed to Prime Minister in 1942), to the present day.

A total of eleven people have served as Prime Minister of Ethiopia (including three Chief Ministers, and not counting three Acting Prime Ministers and one Prime Minister in rebellion).

Heads of Government of Ethiopia[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Colour key
(for political parties)

Ethiopian Empire[edit]

Chief Minister / Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
1 Fitawrari Habte Giyorgis.JPG Fitawrari Habte Giyorgis
(1851–1927)
1909 1927
(Died in Office)
18 years Independent
2 Selassie restored.jpg Ras Tafari Makonnen
(1892–1975)[1]
1927 1 May 1936 9 years Independent
3 Noimage.png Wolde Tzaddick[2] 1 May 1936 1942 6 years Independent
4 Noimage.png Ras Betwoded Makonnen Endelkachew
(1890–1963)
1942 1 November 1957 15 years Independent
5 Abebe-Aregai.jpg Ras Abebe Aregai
(1903–1960)
27 November 1957 17 December 1960
(Assassinated)
3 years, 20 days Independent
Noimage.png Leul Ras Imru Haile Selassie
(1892–1980)[3]
12 December 1960 15 December 1960 3 days Independent
Vacant (17 December 1960–17 April 1961)
6 Aklilu Habte Wold.jpg Tsehafi Taezaz Aklilu Habte-Wold
(1912–1974)
17 April 1961 1 March 1974
(Resigned)
12 years, 318 days Independent
7 Endelkachew Makonnen.jpg Lij Endelkachew Makonnen
(1927–1974)
1 March 1974 22 July 1974
(Deposed)
143 days Independent
8 Mikael Imru, Ambassador of Ethiopia, 1961 (JFKWHP-AR6379-A).jpg Lij Mikael Imru
(1929–2008)
3 August 1974 12 September 1974
(Deposed)
40 days Independent

People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia[edit]

Status
  Denotes Acting Prime Minister
Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
9 Noimage.png Fikre Selassie Wogderess
(c. 1941–)
10 September 1987 8 November 1989 2 years, 59 days Workers' Party of Ethiopia
Noimage.png Hailu Yimenu
(?–1991)
8 November 1989 26 April 1991 1 year, 169 days Workers' Party of Ethiopia
Noimage.png Tesfaye Dinka 26 April 1991 27 May 1991
(Deposed)
31 days Workers' Party of Ethiopia

Transitional Government of Ethiopia[edit]

Status
  Denotes Acting Prime Minister
Prime Minister Term of office Political party
(Alliance)
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
Noimage.png Tamrat Layne
(1955–)
6 June 1991 22 August 1995 4 years, 77 days Amhara National Democratic Movement
(Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front)

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia[edit]

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
(Alliance)
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
10 Meles Zenawi - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012.jpg Meles Zenawi
(1955–2012)
23 August 1995 20 August 2012
(Died in Office)
16 years, 363 days Tigrayan People's Liberation Front
(Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front)
10 Hailemariam Desalegn - Closing Plenary- Africa's Next Chapter - World Economic Forum on Africa 2011.jpg Hailemariam Desalegn
(1965–)
20 August 2012 21 September 2012 3 years, 12 days Southern Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement
(Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front)
21 September 2012 Incumbent

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ From 2 April 1930, Emperor Haile Selassie I
  2. ^ In exile from 1936 until 1941
  3. ^ In rebellion during the 1960 coup attempt

See also[edit]

External links[edit]