Health in Brunei

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Diabetes is the third highest cause of death in Brunei after cancer and heart disease.[1] The rate of suicide has not been investigated, according to Dr Hilda Ho, as a taboo subject.[2]

Obesity[edit]

7.5% of the population are obese, the highest prevalence rate in ASEAN.[3][4] Also, studies by the Ministry of Health show that at least 20% of schoolchildren in Brunei are either overweight or obese.[5]

Healthcare[edit]

There are four government-run hospitals in Brunei, one for every district. There are also 16 health centres and 10 health clinics.[6]

Healthcare in Brunei is charged at B$1 per consultation for citizens[7] and is free for anyone under 12 years old.[7] A health centre run by Brunei Shell Petroleum is located in Panaga. For medical assistance not available in the country, citizens are sent overseas at the government's expense.[8] In the period of 2011–12, 327 patients were treated in Malaysia and Singapore at the cost to the government of $12 million.[9]

Brunei has 2.8 hospital beds per 1000 people.[10] The prevalence of HIV/AIDS is currently at 0.1%,[10] and numerous AIDS awareness campaigns are currently being held.[11]

The largest hospital in Brunei is Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha Hospital (RIPAS) hospital, which had 550 beds in year 1992,[12] is situated in the country's capital Bandar Seri Begawan. There are two private medical centres, Gleneagles JPMC Sdn Bhd .[13] and Jerudong Park Medical Centre. The Health Promotion Centre opened in November 2008 and serves to educate the public on the importance of having a healthy lifestyle.[14]

There is currently no medical school in Brunei, and Bruneians wishing to study to become doctors must attend university overseas. However, the Institute of Medicines had been introduced at the Universiti Brunei Darussalam and a new building has been built for the faculty. The building, including research lab facilities, was completed in 2009. There has been a School of Nursing since 1951.[15] Fifty-eight nurse managers were appointed in RIPAS to improve service and provide better medical care.[16] In December 2008, The nursing college merged with the Institute of Medicines at the Universiti Brunei Darussalam to produce more nurses and midwives.[17] It is now called the PAPRSB (Pengiran Anak Puteri Rashidah Sa'datul Bolkiah) Institute of Health Sciences.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Diabetes third highest cause of death in Brunei". Borneo Bulletin. 15 November 2018. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  2. ^ Shen, J (27 October 2018). "Brunei's mental health stigma: Don't call us 'orang gila'". The Scoop. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  3. ^ "Brunei tops Asean in obesity". Brunei Times. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
  4. ^ "Brunei obesity rate highest in region". Brusearch News. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
  5. ^ "MoH studies show rising teen obesity". Brunei Times. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
  6. ^ Oxford Business Group 2013, pp. 170
  7. ^ a b "Brunei Darussalam – Key Information on Brunei". Archived from the original on 3 April 2011. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
  8. ^ Journal of Defense & Diplomacy. 4. Defense & Diplomacy, Incorporated. 1986.
  9. ^ "$12m spent on overseas treatment". Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  10. ^ a b "Brunei". CIA World Factbook. 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2011. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  11. ^ Hassan, Billah. "Brunei HIV/AIDS awareness programme successful". Brunei Times. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
  12. ^ United States. Dept. of State (1992). Brunei: 1992 post report. U.S. Dept. of State. p. 4.
  13. ^ "Gleneagles JPMC". Retrieved 11 February 2011.
  14. ^ Bandar Seri Begawan (17 April 2009). "HRH visits Health Promotion Centre | The Brunei Times". Bt.com.bn. Archived from the original on 31 December 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2009.
  15. ^ T. S. Sorokina (2006). "Nursing staff education in Brunei". Problemy sotsial'noi gigieny, zdravookhraneniia i istorii meditsiny (3): 51–3. PMID 17004384.
  16. ^ Bandar Seri Begawan (19 March 2009). "58 nurse managers appointed | The Brunei Times". Bt.com.bn. Archived from the original on 20 July 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2009.
  17. ^ Hadi Dp Mahmudbandar Seri Begawan (6 December 2008). "Problem needs nursing with care". Brunei Times. Archived from the original on 16 January 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2009.
  18. ^ "Institute of Medicine". Archived from the original on 26 December 2010. Retrieved 11 February 2011.