Health in East Timor

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Life expectancy in East Timor at birth was at 60.7 in 2007.[1] The fertility rate is at six births per woman.[1] Healthy life expectancy at birth was at 55 years in 2007.[1]

Malnutrition rates in children have reduced but in 2013 still stood at 51%.

The 2010 maternal mortality rate per 100,000 births for East Timor was 370. This compares with 928.6 in 2008 and 1016.3 in 1990. The under-5 mortality rate per 1,000 births is 60 and the neonatal mortality rate per 1,000 live births is 27.[2] The number of midwives per 1,000 live births is 8 and the lifetime risk of death for pregnant women is 1 in 44.[3]

The country has one of the highest smoking rates in the world, with 33% of the population, including 61% of men, smoking daily.[4]

In 2013 only three deaths from malaria were recorded, and achievement recognized by the World Health Organization.


Government expenditure on health was US$150 per person in 2006.[1] There were only two hospitals and 14 village healthcare facilities in 1974. By 1994, there were 11 hospitals and 330 healthcare centres.[5]

Sergio Lobo, a surgeon is the Health Minister. He says that “Many of the health-related issues are outside the competence of the Minister of Health.” Since independence the country has established a medical school, a nursing school, and a midwifery school. There is no MRI scanner in the country.[6]


  1. ^ a b c d "Human Development Report 2009 – Timor-Leste". Archived from the original on 29 April 2009. Retrieved 28 March 2010.
  2. ^ "Timor-Leste" (PDF). United Nations Population Fund. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
  3. ^ "The State Of The World's Midwifery". United Nations Population Fund. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
  4. ^ The country where nearly two-thirds of men smoke, BBC News, Peter Taylor, 4 June 2014
  5. ^ Robinson, G. If you leave us here, we will die, Princeton University Press 2010, p. 72.
  6. ^ "East Timor striving for universal access to health care". Lancet. 25 October 2014. Retrieved 18 November 2018.