Health in Morocco

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Omar

Background[edit]

According to the United States government, Morocco has inadequate numbers of physicians (0.5 per 1,000 people) and hospital beds (1.0 per 1,000 people) and poor access to water (82 percent of the population) and sanitation (75 percent of the population). The health care system includes 122 hospitals, 2,400 health centres, and 4 university clinics, but they are poorly maintained and lack adequate capacity to meet the demand for medical care. Only 24,000 beds are available for 6 million patients seeking care each year, including 3 million emergency cases. The health budget corresponds to 1.1 percent of gross domestic product and 5.5 percent of the central government budget.[2]

Health status[edit]

Diseases[edit]

In 2001 the principal causes of mortality in the urban population were circulatory system diseases (20.4 percent); perinatal diseases (9.3 percent); cancer (8.5 percent); endrocrinological, nutritional, and metabolic diseases (7.6 percent); respiratory system diseases (6.9 percent); and infectious and parasitic diseases (4.7 percent).[2]

In 2004 the minister of health announced that the country had eradicated a variety of childhood diseases, specifically diphtheria, polio, tetanus, and malaria, but other diseases continue to pose challenges. According to estimates for 2013, 21,000 people or approximately 0.16 percent of the population between the ages of 15 and 49 was infected with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS).[3]

UNAIDS (Joined United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS) have stated that around 270 000 people in the Middle East are currently living with HIV. Research from between 2001-2012 have shown that adults and children living with HIV had increased significantly by 73%. The predominant cause of HIV transmissions, are caused by the lack of knowledge and education to help prevent the likely spread. Treatment services are also lacking significantly in the Middle East to help treat the infection before passing in on. Research is showing that particularly in Morocco, 89% of HIV infections are amongst men having sexual intercourse with other men, female sex workers and shared contaminated needles. New research is revealing that Morocco’s newest HIV infections are amongst females with three quarters receiving it from their husbands. [4]

Obesity[edit]

Adolescent girls are at a greater risk of becoming obese.[5]

Obesity is linked to a greater availability of food, particularly from the West, and an increasingly sedentary lifestyle in urban areas. A woman who has a low level of schooling or no education in urban areas is significantly more likely to be obese. She, along with the general public, are not aware of the medical conditions that result from obesity. Rather, female fatness is embraced as it "is viewed as a sign of social status and is a cultural symbol of beauty, fertility, and prosperity".[5] Being thin is a sign of sickness or poverty.[6]

Maternal and Child Health Care[edit]

The 2010 maternal mortality rate per 100,000 births for Morocco is 110. This is compared with 124 in 2008 and 383.8 in 1990. The under 5 mortality rate, per 1,000 births is 39 and the neonatal mortality as a percentage of under 5's mortality is 54. In Morocco the number of midwives per 1,000 live births is 5 and the lifetime risk of death for pregnant women 1 in 360.[7]

Nutrition[edit]

Over the last 20 years nutrition has significantly changed with rapid changes due to demographic characteristics of the region, speedy urbanization and social development of steady and significant economic growth. Morocco and the overall nutrition of the Middle East have the highest amount of excessive dietary energy intake. With a low rate of 4%, of poverty prevalence and a 19% of child malnutrition, Morocco has an 8% rate of child malnutrition. All these changes have significantly contributed to the dietary and physical activity of individuals living in the Middle East, reflecting changes with nutrition and the prevalence of these changes.[8]

Moroccan Health In comparison to Australian Health[edit]

Moroccan health compared to Australian health varies significantly, with Australia being one of the 'healthiest population amongst the world'. [9] Australia's life expectancy is 82 years, 1.1 times longer than the world average. It is stated that 'Australia has the 10th longest life expectancy in the world'. [10] Morocco's overall life expectancy is the same a the world average which is 74 years with Morocco ranking '90th amongst the world'. [11] The infant mortality rate for Morocco is '23.7 deaths per 1 000 live births' [12] in comparison to Australia with only '3 deaths per 1 000 live births'. [13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Setayash, Hamidreza (2016). "Populations Reference Bureau". HIV in the Middle East: Low Prevalence but Not Low risk. 
  2. ^ a b Morocco country profile. Library of Congress Federal Research Division (May 2006). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ Central Intelligence Agency (2011). "CIA World Factbook - HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate". Retrieved 2011.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  4. ^ Setayash, Hamidreza (2016). "Populations Reference Bureau". HIV in the Middle East: Low Prevalence but Not Low risk. 
  5. ^ a b Mokhtar, Najat; et al. (2001). Diet Culture and Obesity in North Africa. 
  6. ^ Rguibi & R Belahsen, M. (2006). Fattening Practices Among Moroccan Saharawi Women. 
  7. ^ "The State Of The World's Midwifery". United Nations Population Fund. Retrieved August 2011.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  8. ^ Osman, Gala (2016). "Nutrition-health related patterns in the Middle East". Asian Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Retrieved 2016.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  9. ^ "Find the Data". 2016. 
  10. ^ "Find the Data". 2016. 
  11. ^ "Find the Data". 2016. 
  12. ^ "Find the Data". 2016. 
  13. ^ "Find the Data". 2016. 

External links[edit]