Health in the Central African Republic
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In the Central African Republic, mobile crews treat local epidemic diseases, conduct vaccination and inoculation campaigns, and enforce local health regulations. They conduct research on sleeping sickness, malaria, and other tropical diseases and devise prophylactic methods best suited to the rural population.
In 2004, it was estimated that there were fewer than 3 physicians and 9 nurses per 100,000 people. In 2000, 60 percent of the population had access to safe drinking water and 31% had adequate sanitation.
The 2014 CIA estimated average life expectancy in the Central African Republic was 51.35 years.
The most common diseases are bilharziasis, leprosy, malaria, tuberculosis, poliomyelitis and yaws. The Central African Republic is a yellow fever endemic zone country. The Pasteur Institute at Bangui cooperates actively with vaccination campaigns. All medicine, antibiotics, and vaccine imports must be authorized by the Ministry of Health.
Maternal and child healthcare
In June 2011, the United Nations Population Fund released a report on The State of the World's Midwifery. It contained new data on the midwifery workforce and policies relating to newborn and maternal mortality for 58 countries. The 2010 maternal mortality rate per 100,000 births for Central African Republic is 850. This is compared with 1570.4 in 2008 and 1757.1 in 1990. The under 5 mortality rate, per 1,000 births is 172 and the neonatal mortality as a percentage of under 5's mortality is 26. The aim of this report is to highlight ways in which the Millennium Development Goals can be achieved, particularly Goal 4 – Reduce child mortality and Goal 5 – improve maternal death. In Central African Republic the number of midwives per 1,000 live births is 3 and the lifetime risk of death for pregnant women 1 in 27.
The Central African Republic is one of several African nations with a high incidence of AIDS. The HIV/AIDS prevalence was 13.50 per 100 adults in 2003. As of 2004, there were approximately 260,000 people living with HIV/AIDS in the country. There were an estimated 23,000 deaths from AIDS in 2003. This number dropped to 13,000 deaths from HIV / AIDS in 2007. and 11,000 in 2009. 160,000 people with HIV/AIDS were reported in 2007, and 140,000 in 2009.
- "CIA - The World Factbook Life Expectancy". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2014-06-23.
- "The State Of The World's Midwifery". United Nations Population Fund. Retrieved August 2011.